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Meaning of Taqwa in the light of Quran, Hadith and scholars. How to achieve Taqwa? Characteristics of Muttaqeen.

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  • Taqwa

    1. 1. • In 16:81, where garments are mentioned as a means for protection from heat, and coats of armor for protection in fighting• Protection from soo-al-azab is mentioned in Al- Quran 39:2• Protection from azab-al-jaheem is mentioned in Al- Quran 44:56, 52:18• Protection from azab-as-samoom is mentioned in Al-Quran 52:27• Protection from azab-an-naar is mentioned in Al- Quran 2:201, 3:16
    2. 2. • Protection from evil (soo’) of the plots of people is mentioned in Al-Quran 40:45• Protection from evil (shar) of a stern, distressful day is mentioned in Al-Quran 76:11• Protection from miserliness or being culpably and greedily desirous nafs is mentioned in Al-Quran 59:9, 64:16 [ 4:128, 33:19 for miserliness of nafs]• Protection from the possible harm from the disbelievers is mentioned in Al-Quran 3:28• Protection from Fitna (affliction, tribulation) is mentioned in Al-Quran 8:25• Keeping form evil deeds is mentioned in Al-Quran 40:9
    3. 3. • [2:189, 2:194, 2:196, 2:203, 2:223, 2:231, 2:233, 2:2 78, 2:282, 3:50, 3:102, 3:123, 3:130, 3:200, 4:1, 4:9, 4:131, 5:2, 5:4, 5:7, 5:8, 5:11, 5:35, 5:57, 5:88, 5:96, 5:100, 5:108, 5:112, 6:72, 9:119, 33:70, 57:28, 58:9, 59:18, 8:29, 8:1, 11:78, 26:108, 26:110, 26:126, 26: 131, 26:144, 26:150, 26:163, 26:179, 29:16, 30:31, 3 3:55, 43:63, 64:16, 65:10, 71:3] [3:198, 4:1, 22:1, 31:33, 39:10, 39:20, 39:73, 23:52]
    4. 4. • It cannot be rendered as ‘protect or guard yourself from Allah’• Allah is the Protector and the Guardian as 44:56, 52:18 indicate• The correct rendition may be as, ‘Take Allah as your Protector (or Guardian)• Or it may be ‘Guard or protect yourself against the inevitable harmful consequences of violating Allah’s Commands (by carefully complying with His Guidance)’• Take Allah as a Protector (or Guardian) against the harms of this life and the hereafter [such harms as are mentioned in 39:24, 44:56, 52:18, 52:27, 2:201, 3:16, 40:45, 76:11, 5 9:9, 64:16, 3:28, 8:25, 2:48)
    5. 5. • The Prophet )said, “The most common thing which leads people to Paradise is taqwa of Allah and good conduct, and the most common thing which leads people to the Hell Fire is the mouth and the private parts.” *Tirmidhi]• Atiyah As-Sa’di said the Propeht said, “The servant will not acquire the status of those with taqwa until he abandons what is harmless out of fear of falling into that which is harmful.” *Ibn Majah, Tirmizi]
    6. 6. • “‘Fear God wherever you are and follow up a bad deed with a good one and it shall erase it; and behave towards people in a gracious manner’.• ‘I enjoin upon you the fear of God and to hear and obey, even if you are given a slave for a ruler’.• ‘Fear God, even with half a date(in charity), if you possess not even that, then with a gracious word’• ‘O God, I ask of You guidance, Taqwa, chastity, and freedom from needs!’
    7. 7. • Umar bin Khattab asked Ubay ibn Kaab about Taqwa. Ubay said, "Have you ever walked on a path that has thorns on it?"• Umar said, "Yes." Ubay asked, "What did you do then?"• Umar replied, "I rolled up my sleeves and struggled."• Ubay said, "That is taqwa, to protect oneself from sin through life’s dangerous journey so that one can successfully complete the journey unscathed by sin
    8. 8. • Ibn Abbas said about verse 2:2 in the Quran, guidance for the Muttaqin", that it means, "They are the believers who avoid shirk with Allah (swt) and who work in His obedience."• He also said that Al-Muttaqin means, "Those who fear Allahs (swt) punishment, which would result if they abandoned the true guidance that they recognize and know.• They also hope in Allahs (swt) Mercy by believing in what He revealed
    9. 9. Taqwa has 4 components:1. The ‘fear of Jaleel (Allah),2. Acting upon the tanzeel (Quran),3. Being content with qaleel (little), and4. Preparing for the day of raheel (journeying from this world).
    10. 10. ) says, “The ones whohave taqwa protect themselves from what Allah hasprohibited and act upon what He has mandated.Taqwa remains with them until they forsake manyhalal things fearing that they could be haram” says, "Taqwais not fasting by day and standing for prayers atnight. Rather it is to refrain from what Allah hasprohibited and act upon what He has mandated.Whoever is granted anything beyond (this level ofobedience), he has been given goodness upongoodness"
    11. 11. • “The essence of taqwa is to make a shield (which guards) against Allahs anger and punishment. That shield is to obey His commands and abstain from His prohibitions.• Perfect taqwa requires that one performs all voluntary and recommended acts as well as refraining from all reprehensible and dubious acts. This is the ultimate form of taqwa." Jamiul Ulum wal Hikam 190/191)
    12. 12. • “O you who believe! Fear Allah as He is supposed to be feared and die not unless you are in the state of complete submission” (Al Imran 102)• “This verse shows necessity of taking an account of one’s actions” (Ibn Qayyim,Ighathatul Lahfan 1/101)• Ibn Abbas (RA) says, “ This means that they strive in His path as they should: they do not care about any one criticizing them and they establish justice even against their own kith and kin.• The phrase ‘and die not…’ means they preserve Islam in both health and sickness so that they are able to die in the state of it
    13. 13. 1. First is fear and a sense of awe.2. The second includes obedience and worship.3. Third is freeing the heart from sins, which is the reality and essence of taqwa.• In summary, taqwa is to guard oneself against the anger of God and His punishment by fulfilling His commandments and abstaining from what He has prohibited. The reality of taqwa is that your Lord never sees you where He has forbidden you to be, nor does He misses you where He has commanded you to be.
    14. 14. • Taqwa is very comprehensive word. It is inclusive of all that is good. Its real meaning is to fulfill what is obligated by Allah (SWT) and to refrain from what Allah(SWT) has forbidden. It is to be done sincerely for Him and for His love. It is to be done to attain His rewards and with the fear of His chastisement.
    15. 15. 1-IMAN-God alone 4-IHSAN-signifies 2-ISLAM-Man gives 3-TAQWA-means that man has is man’s up his independence desisting from attained highestMaster, Sovereign and accepts everything which excellence inand Deity; seeking subservience to God has forbidden words, deeds andHis pleasure is the God. He should or has disapproved thoughts, identifying aim of all his actually submit of. Man must be in a his will with the willendeavors; and His before state of readiness to of God and commands alone Him and fashion his undertake all that harmonizing it ,toare the commands entire life in God has the best of his that are to be obedience to Him commanded ability, with the obeyed Divine will.
    16. 16. 5 Levels of Taqwa-Ibn Juzay al-Maliki 1-Al Islam-Being cautious of falling into disbelief. This is the station of submission to God ( 2-Taubah-Being cautious of falling into sin and evil. This is the station of repentance 3- Al Wara - Being cautious of doubtful things This is the station of carefulness ) 4- Al Zuhd -Being cautious of the permissible. This is the station of indifference 5- Al Mushahida -Being cautious of letting anything enter the heart save Allah. This is the station of witness
    17. 17. Sincere Sincere Dua Ibadah . Observe Sincere theintention Sunnah Taqwa
    18. 18. 1-Tilawah of 4-Be with 2-Zikr of Allah 3- Saleh deeds Quran Saleheen 6-Be Aware of 5-Gain Ilm 7-Be humble 8- Sincerity Shaitan 9-Focus on life 10-Remember purpose Death
    19. 19. • We should read the Quran with its meanings.• Contemplate and ponder over the meanings of the verses of the Quran and• Act upon what you learn for learning something beneficial without acting upon it is of no use.• We should read each verse of the Quran with humility and submissiveness.• Recite the Holy Qur’an as much as we can for It will come as an intercessor for its reciter’ on the Day of Judgment [Muslim]• Many of the sahaba used to take a long time finishing reciting the Quran because they wanted to reflect, ponder, contemplate and act upon each verse of the Quran. We should also do the same so that we can gain maximum benefit from each verse of the Noble Quran.
    20. 20. • Keep your tongue moist with the glorification and remembrance of Allah as much as possible . The more we remember him the more he will remember us.• Ponder over the greatness and creations of Allah.• O ye who believe, remember Allah much. And glorify Him morning and evening (33:42-43)• Ponder and contemplate over his highness and magnificence.• He has power over all so remember him in meekness and awe and humble yourself over his greatness and majesty.
    21. 21. • The more you are busy making the best of your time then the less time you will have to even contemplate doing haraam.• Take part in local Islamic activities and in the Muslim community.• Involve yourself with your local Masjid.• Give dawah locally and involve yourself as much as possible with good works and do everything ONLY to please Allah.
    22. 22. • This is very important because we are who our friends are.• Bad company is like poison so we MUST keep away from it. We should avoid taking as friends those who speak too freely, who miss Salah, who do not dress modestly, who backbite, slander etc.• Just as a person who sits for a long time with a perfume seller begins to smell nice, and a person who sits by a gutter cleaner begins to smell awful, similarly a person who spends time in the company of the wicked eventually gets affected badly by them.• Instead we should seek out pious friends who fear Allah taala and who have the qualities of humility, charity, compassion, modesty and knowledge.• Remember: “All friends will be enemies of one another on that Day (Day of Judgment) except those of the virtuous.” (al-Qur’an 43:67)
    23. 23. • Try to acquire as much knowledge as is possible• Act upon everything you learn for learning without acting upon that knowledge is of no use and we will be accountable for the knowledge we had that we never acted upon.• Spend time with the learned and sit with them and take wisdom from them.• Go to Islamic courses and involve yourself with learning about the deen as much as you can as we should continue to acquire knowledge of Islam until our very last breath.
    24. 24. • We should at least acquire sufficient knowledge to enable ourselves to understand the essence of the teachings of the Qur’an and the purpose for which it has been sent down.• We should also be able to understand clearly the mission, which our beloved Prophet (SAW) came into this world to fulfill.• We should also recognize the corrupt order and system, which he came to destroy.• We should acquaint ourselves, too, with the way of life which Allah has ordained for us.• If we truly value Iman, it cannot be too difficult to find one hour every day to devote for our Iman.
    25. 25. • A person without knowledge is like someone walking along a track in complete darkness.• He can be deceived by shaytan.• This shows that our greatest danger lies in ignorance about what the Qur’an teaches and what guidance has been given by the Prophet (SAW).• If we are blessed with the light of knowledge we will be able to see plainly the clear path of Islam at every step of our lives.• We shall also be able to identify and avoid the dangerous paths of Kufr, Shirk and immorality, which may cross it.• Whenever a false guide meets us on the way, a few words with him will quickly establish that he is not a guide who sh
    26. 26. • Shaytan is always wanting to lead us astray and he may pounce on us when we are not aware so we must always have an awareness of his evil tricks.• We must guard our tongues because the tongue may lead people into Jahannam. Therefore we must think before we speak and if we know it is not beneficial, then it is better not to speak at all than to risk committing a sin.• Always be aware that Allah is watching us. If we gain this awareness, then we would think twice before committing a sin!
    27. 27. • Shun arrogance and pride and never think of yourself as better than anyone else.• The Prophet (SAW ) said: “And no one humbles himself before Allah but Allah will raise him (in status).”• As the Prophet(SAW) said, according to Muslim and others, "Al-Kibr is rejecting the truth and looking down upon people" [Muslim, Tirmidhi and Abu Dawood].• Humbleness is that one should be humble in dealing with his companions.• Humbleness is to lower oneself to one who is below you. If you find someone of less importance than you, you should not despise him, because he might have a better heart than you, or be less sinful, or closer to Allah than you.• Even if you see a sinful person and you are righteous, do not act in arrogance towards him, and thank Allah that He saved you from the tribulation that He put him through.• Humbleness is that your deed should not become too great in your eyes. If you do a good deed, or attempt to get closer to Allah taala through an act of obedience, your deed may still not be accepted. "Allah only accepts from those who have taqwa (fear of Allah)." (al Maida: 27)
    28. 28. • Everything you do in your life do it sincerely, JUST so that you can please Allah.• Keep away from anything that displeases him.• This awareness will ensure that you are always doing good works just so that you can please Allah and get closer to him.• Before any action we should think is this action going to bring any benefit to us or is it going to cause more harm than good.• If we think like this before EVERY action then we will do a lot less sins and a lot more good and we would also gain a fearful awareness of Allah of the consequences of doing that which displeases Allah.
    29. 29. • We should keep reminding ourselves of the purpose of our life• Our main purpose in this life is to worship Allah and do everything to please him and stay away from anything he has forbidden us from and which displeases him.• We should think, what we are going to do is it compatible with the main purpose of our life? If it is then do it and if it is not and will just either waste our time or lead towards sin then keep away from it.
    30. 30. • Prophet (SAW) said: "Remember often the destroyer of pleasure." (Tirmidhi and Nasai)• Know that it can strike at ANY second• Be aware that if it were to strike whilst we were committing a sin then how will we be raised in that state and what will be our condition in the grave and on the day of judgment?• How will we answer to Allah when we were fully aware of the implications and consequences of our actions?• Visit the graveyard at least once a week so that it may remind us of death and know that we may end up in the grave at ANY second and the next grave dug could be yours or mine.
    31. 31. • 1-Guidance, because of His words "guidance for the Muttaqeen (the people of taqwa)";• 2-Help because of His words "Truly, Allah is with the people who have taqwa";• 3-Close friendship [with Allah] because of His words, "Allah is the close friend of the Muttaqeen";• 4-Love because of His words, "Truly Allah loves the Muttaqeen";• 5-Covering over [of wrong actions] because of His words, "If you have taqwa of Allah He will make for you a discrimination and He will cover over for you your wrong actions";• 6-A way out from unhappiness, and provision from where one does not expect because of His words, "Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will make a way out for him and provide him from where he does not expect";• 7-Facilitation of affairs because of His words, "Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will make ease for him in his affair";
    32. 32. • 8-Full covering over of wrong actions and magnification of rewards because of His words, "Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will cover over his wrong actions and magnify a reward for him";• 9-Acceptance of actions because of His words, "Allah only accepts from the people of taqwa";• 10-Success because of His words, "Have taqwa of Allah in order that you might succeed";• 11-Good news because of His words "For them there is good news in this world and in the next";• 12-Entrance into the Garden because of His words "Truly, there are for the people of taqwa with their Lord Gardens of bliss";• 13-Salvation from the Fire because of His words "Then We will save the ones who had taqwa".
    33. 33. .
    34. 34. It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces toward East or West; butit is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day and the Angelsand the Book and the Messengers; to spend of your substance out oflove for Him for your kin for orphans for the needy for the wayfarer forthose who ask and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayerand practice regular charity; to fulfill the contracts which ye havemade; and to be firm and patient in pain (or suffering) and adversityand throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth theAllah-fearing.Baqarah,2:177
    35. 35. • Believing in Allah, that He is the only God worthy of worship, and• Believing in the angels the emissaries between Allah and His Messengers.• The `Books‘ are the Divinely revealed Books from Allah to the Prophets, which were finalized by the most honorable Book (the Qur’an). The Qur’an supersedes all previous Books, it mentions all types of righteousness, and the way to happiness in this life and the Hereafter. The Qur’an abrogates all previous Books and testfies to all the prophets• Believing all the Prophets, from the first Prophet to the Final Prophet, Muhammad, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon them all.• Believe the Day of Judgment
    36. 36. • To the kinsfolk” refers to man’s relatives, who have more rights than anyone else to one’s charity,•• “To the orphans” – The orphans are children who have none to look after them, having lost their fathers while they are still young, weak and unable to find their own sustenance since they have not reached the age of work and adolescence.• To Al-Masakin” – The Miskin is the person who does not have enough food, clothing, or he has no dwelling. So the Miskin should be granted the provisions to sustain him enough so that he can acquire his needs.• To the wayfarer” – is the needy traveler who runs out of money and should, thus, be granted whatever amount that helps him to go back to his land. Such is the case with whoever intends to go on a permissible journey, he is given what he needs for his journey and back. The guests are included in this category.• To those who ask” – refers to those who beg people and are thus given a part of the Zakah and general charity
    37. 37. • Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari: "The Prophet said, "Give food to the hungry, pay a visit to the sick and release (set free) the one in captivity (by paying his ransom)." (Sahih Bukhari,Number 286)"• One of Prophet Muhammads best friends was a slave from Africa called Bilal Al-Habashi. Bilal was bought from his Pagan master by Abu Baker Al-Siddeek. After Abu Baker bought Bilal, he set him free• "There are three categories of people against whom I shall myself be a plaintiff on the Day of Judgment. Of these three, one is he who enslaves a free man, then sells him and eats this money" (al-Bukhari and Ibn Majjah).
    38. 38. • The prayers were made obligatory upon the Prophet Muhammad & Muslims during his ascension to heaven.• Once a man asked the Prophet about the most virtuous deed. The Prophet stated that the most virtuous deed is the prayer. (Ahmad)• “The first matter that the slave will be brought to account for on the Day of Judgment is the prayer. If it is sound, then the rest of his deeds will be sound. And if it is incomplete, then the rest of his deeds will be incomplete.” (Al Tabarani)
    39. 39. Zakat means purity and cleanliness A portion of wealth given for the needy and the poor iscalled Zakat.In this manner a mans wealth and along with it his ownNafs ?(self) becomes purified.It strengthens the love between the rich and poor, takesaway hatred, makes security prevail and brings happinessBe steadfast in saying Salah and giving Zakat and bowyour heads with those who bow (i.e. say Salah incongregation)." (2:43)
    40. 40. • "Fulfill (every) covenant, for (every) covenant will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning)" (17:34).• In describing the qualities of truthful believers, God says that they are "those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants" (23:8).• The Prophet, , also warned us: "A person who has the following four [characteristics] is a pure hypocrite and he who possesses one of them has a trait of hypocrisy until he abandons it: when he talks, he lies; when he is party to a covenant, he proves to be treacherous; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he disagrees with others, he disputes violently." [Al- Bukhaari and Muslim
    41. 41. And certainly, We shall test you with something offear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but giveglad tidings to as-Sabireen. (2:155)• The 4 levels of Sabr1. Being angry and is in contradiction to patience. “but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face. He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss.” (22:11)
2. Affliction weighs very heavy upon him, yet he bears it.
    42. 42. • And be patient, indeed Allah is with the patient ones.” (8:46)• 3-Person is pleased with the affliction and whether it happened or not, it is the same to him so it is not difficult upon him• 4-Thankfulness and being grateful at affliction and this is the highest level. Prophet (SAW) said, “There is no affliction which strikes the Muslim except that
 Allah expiates with it (sins), even with a thorn that may poke him.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

    43. 43. 113-Not all of them are alike: of the People of the book are a portionthat stand (for the right); they recite the verses of Allah all night longand then prostrate themselves in adoration.114 They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin what is rightand forbid what is wrong; and they (hasten in emulation) in (all) goodworks; they are in the ranks of the righteous.115 Of the good that they do nothing will be rejected of them; forAllah knows well those that do right (Ale Imran.3:113,114,115)
    44. 44. And they who pass the night prostrating themselvesbefore their Lord and standing” *Al-Furqan 25:64]Prophet (SAW) said,‘O people, extend thesalutations, feed the people, keep the ties ofkinship, and pray during the night while the otherssleep, and you will enter Paradise in peace.’” (At-Tirmidzi)“Observe the night Prayer; it was the practice of therighteous before you and it brings you closer to yourLord and it is penance for evil deeds and erases the
    45. 45. • The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another: they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil: they observe regular prayers, practice regular charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise. (9:71)• Prophet (saw) said: If the people see an evil and they do not change it, soon Allah will inflict them all with His Punishment. (Ahmad)• The Prophet said, "Enjoining all that is good is a Sadaqa." (Bukhari)
    46. 46. • Prophet (SAW) said, “Be prompt in doing good deeds (before you are overtaken) by turbulence which would be like a part of the dark night. A man would be a believer in the morning and turn to disbelief in the evening, or he would be a believer in the evening and turn disbeliever in the morning and would sell his Faith for worldly goods. [Muslim]• “You should give charity (when you are) healthy and stingy and fear poverty, hoping to become rich. And you must not defer (charity) that you are about to die and would be saying: “This is for so-and-so, and this is for so-and-so. ‘Lo! It has already gone to so-and-so.” *Al-Bukhârî and Muslim)
    47. 47. 133Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord and for agarden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of theearth prepared for the righteous.134 Those who spend (freely) whether in prosperity or in adversity;who restrain anger and pardon (all) men; for Allah loves those who dogood.135 And those who having done something to be ashamed of orwronged their own souls earnestly bring Allah to mind and ask forforgiveness for their sins and who can forgive sins except Allah? Andare never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they havedone. (Ale Imran,3:133-135)
    48. 48. • Allah did not say amwaal (wealth, assets) but anfaq,• This includes wealth, time, youth, energy, priority, planning.• It means sacrificing for Allah and letting go of the things we love for the sake of Allah.• Prophet (SAW) said "No wealth (of a servant of Allah) is decreased because of charity." (Al-Tirmidhi)
    49. 49. • Swallowing anger meaning controlling yourself as if the anger is not even there, when you swallow food it’s gone. If little things always make us upset and annoy us how do we expect Allah to forgive our big sins? This shows a lack of restraint.• Abu Huraira narrates the Prophet said: The strong person is not he who is able to physically overcome people. The strong person is he who overcomes his rage when he is angry. (Bukhari)• Ibn Abbas narrates the Prophet said: He who gives time to a debtor or forgives him, then Allah will save him from the heat of Jahannam (Hell- fire). Behold! The deeds of Paradise are difficult to reach, for they are on top of a hill, while the deeds of the Fire are easy to find in the lowlands. The happy person is he who is saved from the tests. Verily, there is no dose of anything better to Allah than a dose of rage that the servant controls, and whenever the servant of Allah controls it, he will be internally filled with faith.[Musnad Ahmad, classed as Sahih]
    50. 50. • Allah does not say “ghafireen” but “afeen”, meaning those who not only forgive, but forgive out of love.• They forgive those who treat them with injustice.• They do not hold any ill feelings about anyone in their hearts, and this is the most excellent conduct in this regard, which is why Allah describes them as Muhsineen.• Forgiveness by definition means forgiving those who don’t deserve it.• You are not forgiving for their sake, but your sake, so you can be part of the people of Taqwa.•
    51. 51. • Muttaqeen may fall into sin• After the mistake, they remember Allah and seek forgiveness.• Only Allah knows the sins in our closet that Allah has not exposed, we need to find time to ask Allah for forgiveness.• Even if we disappoint and fall short of the standards of our Lord we never lose hope in his mercy
    52. 52. • There is nothing like Him (Allah)• He is Allah, most powerful, existing from ever and ever without (limitation of) a place• I advise you to obey Him and follow His commands.• May Allah (SWT) increase us and all of you in Taqwa
    53. 53. Is