Wireless Control That Simply Works
               Wireless Control That Simply Works




                    Wireless Sens...
From Popular Science Magazine
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ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Co...
The IEEE 802 Wireless Space
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               WWAN              ...
Sensor/Control Network
                                            Requirements
                      Wireless Control Tha...
ZigBee Alliance Overview-
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    • Organized as an independent, ...
The ZigBee Alliance --
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          • Is a growing community of ...
ZigBee Promoter Companies
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ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Contro...
ZigBee Applications
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




               security
                H...
Basic Network Characteristics
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         • 65,536 network (clie...
ZigBee Mesh Networking
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ZigBeeTM Allianc...
ZigBee Mesh Networking
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ZigBeeTM Allianc...
ZigBee Mesh Networking
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ZigBeeTM Allianc...
ZigBee Mesh Networking
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ZigBeeTM Allianc...
ZigBee Mesh Networking
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ZigBeeTM Allianc...
ZigBee Compliant Platform [ZCP]
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Application Profiles
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Manufacturer Specific Profiles
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ZigBee Public Profiles
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Interoperability Summary
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             Interop
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Some Application Profiles
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• Home Automation [HA]             ...
More Application Profiles
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     • Multiple profiles are in dev...
ZigBee – Highly Reliable
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




          •     Mesh networking prot...
ZigBee – Highly Secure
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




       • Utilizes AES 128-bit encrypti...
Application Examples
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control Tha...
Home Awareness
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




 Home Heartbeat




ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wirele...
Home Entertainment & Control
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Con...
In-Home Patient Monitoring
                       Wireless Control That Simply Works




     • Patients receive better ca...
Commercial Lighting Control
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




    • Wireless lighting control
 ...
Wireless Lighting Control-key value drivers
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




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Wireless Lighting Control-key value drivers
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HVAC Energy Management
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




        • Hotel energy management
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AMR network example
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ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That...
Advanced Metering Platform with ZigBee
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




 •      Rapid method t...
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                                             ZigBee In-premise Networks
                                             Int...
ZigBee Enables the “Smart Grid”
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




ZigBee enables utilities to m...
SCE’s Vision for Advanced Metering
                       Wireless Control That Simply Works




SCE envisions a potential...
Beyond the Home
                                            from a Telecom perspective
                      Wireless Cont...
Mobile Handset as ZigBee Gateway
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   • Use mobile handset as a...
Use Case (1) : DTT STB
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                                   ...
Use Case (2): Cinema Example
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ZigBee Enables Enhanced Value
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                               ...
Why ZigBee and 802.15.4 ?
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




    • Vibrant industry support with...
Closing Thought
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




              “Just as the personal computer ...
More Information
                      Wireless Control That Simply Works




            Be a part of the future-Join the...
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Wireless Sensors and Control Networks

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Enabling New Opportunities, 3 avril 2007 Silicon Valley

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Wireless Sensors and Control Networks

  1. 1. Wireless Control That Simply Works Wireless Control That Simply Works Wireless Sensors and Control Networks: Enabling New Opportunities Bob Heile Chairman, ZigBee Alliance April 3, 2007 TM Copyright © 2007 ZigBee Alliance. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. From Popular Science Magazine Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 2
  3. 3. The IEEE 802 Wireless Space Wireless Control That Simply Works WWAN IEEE 802.22 IEEE 802.20 WMAN Range WiMax IEEE 802.16 WLAN WiFi 802.11 ZigBee 802.15.3 802.15.4 Bluetooth WPAN 802.15.3c 802.15.1 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 Data Rate (Mbps) ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 3
  4. 4. Sensor/Control Network Requirements Wireless Control That Simply Works • Networks that can form by themselves, scale to large sizes and operate very reliably for years without any operator intervention • Very long battery life (years off of a AA cell), very low infrastructure cost (low device & setup costs) and very low complexity and small size • Device data rate and QoS needs are low • Standardized protocols are necessary to allow multiple vendors to interoperate ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 4
  5. 5. ZigBee Alliance Overview- Wireless Control That Simply Works • Organized as an independent, neutral, nonprofit corporation in 2002 • Open and global • Anyone can join and participate • Membership is from all over the world • Activity includes • Specification creation • Certification and compliance programs • Branding, market development, and user education ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 5
  6. 6. The ZigBee Alliance -- Wireless Control That Simply Works • Is a growing community of companies • ~220 members vs. 35 Dec. ’02 (7+X Growth) • Includes Chip Makers, Software Developers and End Product Manufacturers– as well as Service Providers • Has made its specification publicly available • ZigBee is open to all • 42,000+ downloads to date • Has announced its 34th compliant platform • ZigBee is all about multi-source with no dominating elements or companies • Watch for news at www.zigbee.org ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 6
  7. 7. ZigBee Promoter Companies Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 7
  8. 8. ZigBee Applications Wireless Control That Simply Works security HVAC TV AMR VCR lighting control DVD/CD access control remote ZigBee BUILDING CONSUMER AUTOMATION ELECTRONICS Wireless Control that Simply Works patient mouse monitoring keyboard fitness joystick PC & PERSONAL monitoring PERIPHERALS HEALTH CARE TELECOM SERVICES asset mgt security process m-commerce HVAC control info services lighting control INDUSTRIAL HOME environmental object interaction access control CONTROL CONTROL energy mgt (Internet of Things) irrigation ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 8
  9. 9. Basic Network Characteristics Wireless Control That Simply Works • 65,536 network (client) nodes • 27 channels over 2 bands • 250Kbps data rate • Optimized for timing-critical Network coordinator applications and power ZigBee Router management ZigBee End Device Communications flow • Full Mesh Networking Support Virtual links ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 9
  10. 10. ZigBee Mesh Networking Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide Courtesy of ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 10
  11. 11. ZigBee Mesh Networking Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide Courtesy of ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 11
  12. 12. ZigBee Mesh Networking Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide Courtesy of ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 12
  13. 13. ZigBee Mesh Networking Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide Courtesy of ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 13
  14. 14. ZigBee Mesh Networking Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide Courtesy of ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 14
  15. 15. ZigBee Compliant Platform [ZCP] Wireless Control That Simply Works ZDO Application Application App Support (APS) App Support (APS) SSP SSP NWK NWK ZigBee Compliant Medium Access (MAC) Medium Access (MAC) Platform Physical Radio (PHY) Physical Radio (PHY) • Platform certification - ensures all parts of the stack other than the application are compliant with the ZigBee Standard • Allows Network interoperability but does not imply interoperability at the application layer • There are currently 34 Compliant Platforms to choose from ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 15
  16. 16. Application Profiles Wireless Control That Simply Works ZDO Application Application App Support (APS) App Support (APS) SSP SSP NWK NWK Clusters Clusters Medium Access (MAC) Medium Access (MAC) 0: o f f 0: fan o f f 1: on 1: fan on Physical Radio (PHY) 2: scene 1 2: temp set Physical Radio (PHY) 3: scene 2 3: time set • Application profiles define what messages are sent over the air for a given application • Devices with the same application profiles interoperate end to end • ZigBee publishes a set of public profiles, but vendors may create manufacturer specific ones as well ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 16
  17. 17. Manufacturer Specific Profiles Wireless Control That Simply Works ZDO Application Application App Support (APS) App Support (APS) Certification testing SSP SSP ensures application NWK NWK does not interfere with other ZigBee Medium Access (MAC) Medium Access (MAC) networks Physical Radio (PHY) Physical Radio (PHY) • Allows a vendor to build specialized products with a ZigBee Compliant Platform • Certification testing ensures their product does not harm other ZigBee networks • Manufacturer specific applications are not intended to interoperate at the application layer • Allows product vendor to use ZigBee language and logos on their product ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 17
  18. 18. ZigBee Public Profiles Wireless Control That Simply Works ZDO Application Application App Support (APS) App Support (APS) Ensures application SSP SSP conforms to a NWK NWK specific public application profile Medium Access (MAC) Medium Access (MAC) Physical Radio (PHY) Physical Radio (PHY) • Guarantees interoperability between products all running the same public application profile • Product vendors may add additional features to the public profiles • Allows product vendor to use ZigBee language and logos on their product ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 18
  19. 19. Interoperability Summary Wireless Control That Simply Works Interop Public application Manufacturer capable Network interop interop Specific starting point application interop ZigBee Manufacturer Specific ZigBee Compliant ZigBee Public Application Profiles Platform [ZCP] Application Profiles • Devices built on ZigBee interoperate on different levels • Wide spectrum of interoperability choices • It’s a designer choice on level of vendor interoperability to support ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 19
  20. 20. Some Application Profiles Wireless Control That Simply Works • Home Automation [HA] • Industrial Plant Monitoring [IPM] – Defines set of devices used in home automation – Consists of device definitions for • Light switches sensors used in industrial control • Thermostats • Temperature • Window shade • Pressure sensors • Heating unit • Infrared • etc • etc ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 20
  21. 21. More Application Profiles Wireless Control That Simply Works • Multiple profiles are in development – Commercial Building Automation • Building control, management, and monitoring – Advance Metering Initiative • Addresses utility meter reading/load control/demand response – Telecom Services-Mcommerce • Vendors may form new profile groups within ZigBee and/or propose manufacturer specific profiles for consideration ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 21
  22. 22. ZigBee – Highly Reliable Wireless Control That Simply Works • Mesh networking protocol provides redundant paths • Automatic retries and acknowledgements • Parents keep track of messages for sleeping children • High intrinsic interference tolerance – Multiple channels – Support for Frequency agility – Robust modulation ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 22
  23. 23. ZigBee – Highly Secure Wireless Control That Simply Works • Utilizes AES 128-bit encryption • Concept of a “trust center” • Link and network keys • Authentication and encryption • Security can be customized for the application • Keys can be “hard-wired” into application ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 23
  24. 24. Application Examples Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 24
  25. 25. Home Awareness Wireless Control That Simply Works Home Heartbeat ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 25
  26. 26. Home Entertainment & Control Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 26
  27. 27. In-Home Patient Monitoring Wireless Control That Simply Works • Patients receive better care at reduced cost with more freedom and comfort--- – Patients can remain in their own home graphic • Monitors vital statistics and sends via internet • Doctors can adjust medication levels – Allows monitoring of elderly family member • Sense movement or usage patterns in a home • Turns lights on when they get out of bed • Notify via mobile phone when anomalies occur • Wireless panic buttons for falls or other problems graphic – Can also be used in hospital care • Patients are allowed greater movement • Reduced staff to patient ratio ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 27
  28. 28. Commercial Lighting Control Wireless Control That Simply Works • Wireless lighting control – Quantifiable Energy savings – Light switches/sensors anywhere – Customizable lighting schemes – Dimmable intelligent ballasts – Opportunities in residential, light commercial and commercial • Extendable networks – Lighting network can be integrated with and/or be used by other building control solutions ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 28
  29. 29. Wireless Lighting Control-key value drivers Wireless Control That Simply Works Simplify Lighting Control System design in both new construction and retrofit applications Reduced cost and complexity of system installation Simplicity of Commissioning ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 29
  30. 30. Wireless Lighting Control-key value drivers Wireless Control That Simply Works Easy and intuitive to use facilitating improved worker productivity Operating cost and complexity reductions Improved energy management and control ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 30
  31. 31. HVAC Energy Management Wireless Control That Simply Works • Hotel energy management – Centralized HVAC management allow hotel operator to make sure empty rooms are not cooled – Easy to Retrofit – Battery operated thermostats, occupancy detectors, humidistats can be placed for convenience – Personalized room settings at check-in ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 31
  32. 32. AMR network example Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 32
  33. 33. Advanced Metering Platform with ZigBee Wireless Control That Simply Works • Rapid method to help manage global electric generation shortage and meet existing and pending legislation for energy control • Can network with other ZigBee devices in the home for load control – e.g. Heating/AC, Security, Lighting, White Goods AMRON Client 1 • Worldwide Standard ZigBee allows communications between various meter types from different manufacturers. AC Water Gas Meter Meter ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 33
  34. 34. ® ZigBee In-premise Networks Interface Consumer’s Devices Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 34
  35. 35. ZigBee Enables the “Smart Grid” Wireless Control That Simply Works ZigBee enables utilities to meet their business needs, to support the ongoing development of the “smart grid” and to empower customers ZigBee empowers in-home communication for: • customer communication • data presentation • load control • demand response Sources: Itron website [http://www.itron.com/pages/openway.asp/]; DCSI presentation ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 35
  36. 36. SCE’s Vision for Advanced Metering Wireless Control That Simply Works SCE envisions a potential advanced metering system as one that could bring customer usage and meter data into the digital “central nervous system” of its power operations. An advanced metering system could be the information backbone for technologies that measure usage and power quality, and enable dynamic pricing and demand response. The advanced system may enable customer-premise information and automation. SCE’s AMI Program was recognized as the 2005/2006 Best AMR Initiative in a North American Investor-Owned Utility in August 2006 by the Utility Planning Network. The scope of SCE’s metering solution is to replace approximately 5 million electric meters for SCE’s residential, commercial and industrial customers (below 200kW in demand)…While SCE is an electric utility, we anticipate that the preferred solution would provide a communications network that could be leveraged by gas and water utilities in our service territory. Source: SCE website [http://www.sce.com/PowerandEnvironment/ami/vision/] ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 36
  37. 37. Beyond the Home from a Telecom perspective Wireless Control That Simply Works Z-SIM is the hub of the interaction between user and objects Home ZigBee Automation&Control Smart Home Lights, HVAC, Domestic Mobile appliances Terminal Entertainment (e.g. DTT) Healthcare, Tele-assistance Service Monitoring & Security (e.g. Distribution Center temperature, gas) Network M-Commerce Services m-payments (bar, shops, supermarkets) m-ticketing (cinema, train, bus) Digital Smart City Access Control Parking payment system Infomobility services (e.g. traffic control) Environmental Monitoring Localization ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 37
  38. 38. Mobile Handset as ZigBee Gateway Wireless Control That Simply Works • Use mobile handset as a gateway to collect and display information • In a mobile phone a ZigBee enabled SIM, the personal token, can play the Gateway role Service NETWORK Center OPERATOR INFRASTRUCTURE Confirmation 1. for buying “Il fuggiasco”. ZigBee Network Push Ok. The Telecom operator does more than transport data: Trust-Center: security, user authentication, reliability Service Provider of new value-added services Service management, configuration and personalization ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 38
  39. 39. Use Case (1) : DTT STB Wireless Control That Simply Works Pay-TV Customers Database & Billing DB STEP 3:Transaction with SMS The mobile phone with SIMTOOLKIT application initiates the transaction SIM Card Step 4: Unblock decoder The Pay TV provider unblocks the ZigBee Node Encrypte user smart-card and releases the d Signal event DTT with ZigBee node STEP 2: Data Exchange via ZigBee Confirmation 1. for buying “Il fuggiasco”. Push Ok. The decoder sends the code event to STEP 1: the Z-SIM, asking to buy the selected The event (e.g. a film) is selected event ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 39
  40. 40. Use Case (2): Cinema Example Wireless Control That Simply Works STEP 1: Step 3: Environment with ZigBee node The users with SIMTOOLKIT application buy the content. The operator manages the bill transaction and downloads the token to the SIM for enabling the access to the cinema DB GPRS/UMTS Cinema STEP 2: User having Z-SIM is recognized by Encrypted the environment SMS and is invited to buy a cinema ticket Do you Step 4: confirm the purchase of “La fabbrica di cioccolato”? The token is received and sent to the printer via ZigBee The ticket is automatically printed ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 40
  41. 41. ZigBee Enables Enhanced Value Wireless Control That Simply Works Location Safety Security Maintenance ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 41
  42. 42. Why ZigBee and 802.15.4 ? Wireless Control That Simply Works • Vibrant industry support with thirty or more vendors supplying products and services • Open Standards protocol with no or negligible licensing fees • Chipsets available from multiple sources • Remotely upgradeable firmware • No new wires • Low power (ability to operate on batteries measured in years) • Reliable • Low maintenance (meshing, self organizing) • Ability to scale to hundreds (thousands) of devices • Standards based security [AES128] • Ability to read gas meters Source: SCE website ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 42
  43. 43. Closing Thought Wireless Control That Simply Works “Just as the personal computer was a symbol of the '80s, and the symbol of the '90s is the World Wide Web, the next nonlinear shift, is going to be the advent of cheap sensors.” -Paul Saffo Institute for the Future ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 43
  44. 44. More Information Wireless Control That Simply Works Be a part of the future-Join the ZigBee Alliance Visit the ZigBee Pavilian ZigBee Alliance Web Site http://www.ZigBee.org Bob Heile, ZigBee Alliance Chairman, bheile@ieee.org ZigBeeTM Alliance | Wireless Control That Simply Works Slide 44
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