Can we hack opensource #cloud platforms    to help reduce      emissions?                 Tom Raftery      #Monktoberfest ...
Tom Raftery                                                             • Lead analyst, energy and                        ...
Garret FitzGerald 1926-2011                                                    3Unlikely politician - highly intelligent a...
Garret FitzGerald                                     Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/caribb/5391899550/               ...
Garret FitzGerald                                      Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/steve_brace/2568478072/         ...
Cloud problemNo transparency       6
Problem                   http://greenmonk.net/2011/07/21/carbon-disclosure-projects-emissions-reduction-claims-for-cloud-...
Problem                                      http://greenmonk.net/2012/01/09/is-cloud-computing-green/                    ...
Problem                     http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/23/technology/data-centers-waste-vast-amounts-of-energy-belying...
Energy ≠ Emissions                                                  10NYT article was good but concentrated on energyBear ...
Facebook                               Photo http://www.facebook.com/album.php?id=193287527693&aid=183026                 ...
Energy“As of the end of Q3 2011, the Prineville data centerhad a power usage effectiveness (PUE) of 1.08...much lower than...
Emissions                                          http://www.pacificorp.com/es/mining.html                               ...
Dublin                       http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2011/08/07/lightning-in-dublin-knocks-amazon-micr...
EmissionsIreland sources 84% of electricity from fossil fuels             http://www.eirgrid.com/operations/systemperforma...
Emissions            UK sources >90% of its electricity from fossil fuels                                              htt...
Emissions                                            http://www.pacificorp.com/es/mining.html                             ...
Cloud providers                                  18Partial list of cloud companies
Clean cloud providers                                                19Rackspace’s UK data center runs on 100% renewable p...
Clean cloud providers                                                20Greenqloud are based in Iceland where elec is 100% ...
Clean cloud providers                                   http://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/sustainable-energy/               ...
Clean cloud providers                                https://twitter.com/jeffbarr/status/251306461836222464               ...
Problem Data?   23
Cloud emissions data                                  24Partial list of cloud companies
Cloud emissions data                     providers                                 http://www.sapsustainabilityreport.com/...
Cloud emissions data                    providers                                http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustain...
Cloud emissions data                    providers                                 http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustai...
Why don’t they?                           Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/pahudson/7742561802/                          ...
Why don’t they?                         Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/nathanmarciniak/2207977707/                     ...
Why don’t they?                                Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomasfisherlibrary/6887173879/           ...
Outcome          “If you can’t measure it, you          can’t manage it”                                               31L...
ReminderA quick recap of 2012 so far...               32
Recap                                                                                           33In	  the	  third	  quart...
Recap  http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/27/us-usa-wildfires-idUSBRE85L1DD20120627        http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/wo...
Recap    http://edition.cnn.com/2012/09/29/world/asia/pakistan-floods/index.html        http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-eur...
Recap                            http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/07/02/us-usa-weather-records-idUSBRE8611EL20120702   ...
Recap                  http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/...
Recap                http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/  ...
Recap                 http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ ...
Recap                                      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YegdEOSQotE                                     ...
Cloud?Cloud computing’s emissions don’t directly cause all these                                                   issues....
Solution?                           Open Source                                42Here’s where we can help
Solution?   43
Solution?                                     http://www.flickr.com/photos/viamoi/3465644425/                              ...
Solution?                                      http://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/5369447689/                           ...
Solution?                                         http://www.amee.com/products/                                           ...
Solution?                                    http://www.flickr.com/photos/dixieroadrash/3769522479/                        ...
Solution?                                        http://www.eucalyptus.com/about/customers                                ...
Solution?                                        http://www.cloudstack.org/users.html                                     ...
Solution?                                        http://www.openstack.org/foundation/companies/                           ...
btw                                        https://www.mastodonc.com/dashboard                                            ...
Conclusion  Adding emissions metrics & reporting tocloud computing will help reduce emissions.     Question is - is anyone...
Thanks!              Contact information:                    Tom RafteryPrincipal Analyst, Energy & Sustainability, RedMon...
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Can we hack open source #cloud platforms to help reduce emissions?

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Cloud computing is changing our lives but this change comes with a cost - pollution.

Can we hack open source cloud platforms to make them report their energy and (more importantly) their emissions, so we can choose the cleanest cloud?

Video of this talk is now online at http://redmonk.com/tv/2012/10/24/can-we-hack-open-source-cloud-platforms-to-help-reduce-emissions/

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  • The            setup            in            the            video            no            longer            works.           
    And            all            other            links            in            comment            are            fake            too.           
    But            luckily,            we            found            a            working            one            here (copy paste link in browser) :            www.goo.gl/yT1SNP
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  • Thông Tắc Cống Rẻ Nhất Hà Nội***Hút Bể Phốt uy tín nhất Hà Nội


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    - chuyênThông tắc: toa lét, bể phốt, chậu rửa, thoát sàn, tiểu nam nữ, các loại đường cống ngầm,đường nước sạch... bằng máy móc hiện đại
    - Lắp đặt hệ thống ngăn mùi, xử lý triệt để mùi hôi nhà vệ sinh
    - Sửa chữa,lắp đặt ,thiết bị khu wc,đường nước thải,sinh hoạt...
    - HÚT BỂ PHỐT: hố ga, cống rãnh,hút bùn,bể phốt, các chất thải... bằng xe chuyên dùng công nghệ cao

    Quý khách hàng hãy gọi cho chúng tôi để được phục vụ chu đáo,nhiệt tình...và điều văn phòng gần nhất để phục vụ quý khách

    Cơ quan, tập thể, cá nhân có nhu cầu xin liên hệ:


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    VP 3 : 94D HÀNG TRỐNG_______ VP 8 : 125 KIM MÃ

    VP 4 : 118 NGUYỄN VĂN CỪ _____ VP 9 : 298 TRƯƠNG ĐỊNH
    VP 5 : 110C TRẦN KHÁT TRÂN ___ VP 10 : 95 CHÙA BỘC
    VP 11 : 435 NGUYỄN TRÃI______ _VP 12 : 126 GIẢI PHÓNG
    VP 13 : 162 TÔN ĐỨC THẮNG ___ VP 14 : 172 ÂU CƠ

    VP 15 : 106 HOÀNG QUỐC VIỆT __VP 16 : 191 KHÂM THIÊN
    VP 17 : SỐ 08 QUANG TRUNG HÀ ĐÔNG ___VP 18: CT5 MỸ ĐÌNH



    Với đội ngũ kỹ thuật viên giỏi , nhiều năm kinh nghiệm , nhiệt tình , chu đáo chắc chắn sẽ làm hài lòng quý khách.
    VỚI TIÊU CHÍ:
    NHANH CHÓNG - GỌN GÀNG - SẠCH SẼ
    RẤT HÂN HẠNH ĐƯỢC PHỤC VỤ !


    Giá thành hợp lý - Bảo hành dài hạn - phục vụ quý
    khách hàng 24/24. Mọi lúc mọi nơi.
    thông tắc, thông cống, hút bể phốt, thông tắc cống. thông tắc toilet, thông tắc chậu rửa, thông tắc vệ sinh,thông tắc bồn cầu,thông tắc bể phốt, thông hút bể phốt, xe hút bể phốt.

    rất hân hạnh được phục vụ
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  • Thông Tắc Cống Rẻ Nhất Hà Nội***Hút Bể Phốt uy tín nhất Hà Nội


    Liện hệ :0902 185 899- 0942 50 6070


    Giá rẻ nhất –bảo hành miễn phí



    MÔI TRƯỜNG HÀ NỘI
    MÁY THÔNG TẮC _XE HÚT BỂ PHỐT
    KHÔNG ĐỤC PHÁ



    [http://thongtacconghanoi.com


    CÁN BỘ ĐIỀU HÀNH: 0942 50 6070 -04 3934 5369 – 0943 631 977


    - chuyênThông tắc: toa lét, bể phốt, chậu rửa, thoát sàn, tiểu nam nữ, các loại đường cống ngầm,đường nước sạch... bằng máy móc hiện đại
    - Lắp đặt hệ thống ngăn mùi, xử lý triệt để mùi hôi nhà vệ sinh
    - Sửa chữa,lắp đặt ,thiết bị khu wc,đường nước thải,sinh hoạt...
    - HÚT BỂ PHỐT: hố ga, cống rãnh,hút bùn,bể phốt, các chất thải... bằng xe chuyên dùng công nghệ cao

    Quý khách hàng hãy gọi cho chúng tôi để được phục vụ chu đáo,nhiệt tình...và điều văn phòng gần nhất để phục vụ quý khách

    Cơ quan, tập thể, cá nhân có nhu cầu xin liên hệ:


    THỢ KỸ THUẬT :0942 50 6070 – 0902 185 899

    VP 1 : 25 LÁNG HẠ __ VP 6 : 79 CẦU GIẤY

    VP 2 : 110 TRẦN DUY HƯNG_____ VP 7 : 173 HOÀNG HOA THÁM

    VP 3 : 94D HÀNG TRỐNG_______ VP 8 : 125 KIM MÃ

    VP 4 : 118 NGUYỄN VĂN CỪ _____ VP 9 : 298 TRƯƠNG ĐỊNH
    VP 5 : 110C TRẦN KHÁT TRÂN ___ VP 10 : 95 CHÙA BỘC
    VP 11 : 435 NGUYỄN TRÃI______ _VP 12 : 126 GIẢI PHÓNG
    VP 13 : 162 TÔN ĐỨC THẮNG ___ VP 14 : 172 ÂU CƠ

    VP 15 : 106 HOÀNG QUỐC VIỆT __VP 16 : 191 KHÂM THIÊN
    VP 17 : SỐ 08 QUANG TRUNG HÀ ĐÔNG ___VP 18: CT5 MỸ ĐÌNH



    Với đội ngũ kỹ thuật viên giỏi , nhiều năm kinh nghiệm , nhiệt tình , chu đáo chắc chắn sẽ làm hài lòng quý khách.
    VỚI TIÊU CHÍ:
    NHANH CHÓNG - GỌN GÀNG - SẠCH SẼ
    RẤT HÂN HẠNH ĐƯỢC PHỤC VỤ !


    Giá thành hợp lý - Bảo hành dài hạn - phục vụ quý
    khách hàng 24/24. Mọi lúc mọi nơi.
    thông tắc, thông cống, hút bể phốt, thông tắc cống. thông tắc toilet, thông tắc chậu rửa, thông tắc vệ sinh,thông tắc bồn cầu,thông tắc bể phốt, thông hút bể phốt, xe hút bể phốt.

    rất hân hạnh được phục vụ
       Reply 
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Can we hack open source #cloud platforms to help reduce emissions?

  1. 1. Can we hack opensource #cloud platforms to help reduce emissions? Tom Raftery #Monktoberfest 2012, Portland Maine 1
  2. 2. Tom Raftery • Lead analyst, energy and sustainability practice, RedMonk • CIX, Chip & Zenith • GreenMonk.net • twitter.com/tomraftery • tom@redmonk.com • +34 677 695 468 • SlideShare.net/TomRaftery 2CIX, Chip & Zenith - involvement with Cloud, going back to late 90’s
  3. 3. Garret FitzGerald 1926-2011 3Unlikely politician - highly intelligent academic, unimpeachable integrity, head in the clouds(!)
  4. 4. Garret FitzGerald Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/caribb/5391899550/ 4Before he became a politician -In 1949 analyzed the earliest published Aeroflot timetables, and produced one of the first accurateestimations of the size of Russias airliner fleet - previously a closely guarded secret
  5. 5. Garret FitzGerald Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/steve_brace/2568478072/ 5KGB thought he was a spy!And look an image with KGB logo - and a sleeping cat!Proving there’s no such thing as security by obscurity & the internet rocks!
  6. 6. Cloud problemNo transparency 6
  7. 7. Problem http://greenmonk.net/2011/07/21/carbon-disclosure-projects-emissions-reduction-claims-for-cloud-computing-are-flawed/ 7Something I have been blogging about for quite a while
  8. 8. Problem http://greenmonk.net/2012/01/09/is-cloud-computing-green/ 8And giving conference talks about it as well
  9. 9. Problem http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/23/technology/data-centers-waste-vast-amounts-of-energy-belying-industry-image.html 9Data centers use vast amounts of electricityTypically only 6-12% of the electricity powering their servers goes to perform computations - McKinsey &Co.Rest used to keep servers idling and ready in case of a surge in activity - dynamic provisioning - i.e. theelastic in ec2!
  10. 10. Energy ≠ Emissions 10NYT article was good but concentrated on energyBear in mind that energy use and emissions are not necessarily relatedEnergy is not a proxy for emissions
  11. 11. Facebook Photo http://www.facebook.com/album.php?id=193287527693&aid=183026 11A practical example of this is...Prineville siteOpen Compute - open sourced the design of DC & hardware!
  12. 12. Energy“As of the end of Q3 2011, the Prineville data centerhad a power usage effectiveness (PUE) of 1.08...much lower than the industry standard of 1.5.Facebook’s energy consumption per unit of computingpower has declined by 38%” http://opencompute.org/about/energy-efficiency/ 12
  13. 13. Emissions http://www.pacificorp.com/es/mining.html 1358% of its energy from coal12% from gas=> over 70% from fossil fuel directly.22.5% is purchased from other suppliers so could also be fossil fuel.
  14. 14. Dublin http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2011/08/07/lightning-in-dublin-knocks-amazon-microsoft-data-centers-offline/ 14MicrosoftAmazonGoogleIBMSunGardDigital Realty TrustAll have significant DC’s in Dublin
  15. 15. EmissionsIreland sources 84% of electricity from fossil fuels http://www.eirgrid.com/operations/systemperformancedata/electricitystatistics/ 15
  16. 16. Emissions UK sources >90% of its electricity from fossil fuels https://restats.decc.gov.uk/cms/national-renewables-statistics/ 16“Renewables contribution to UK electricity generation was 9.4% in 2011”
  17. 17. Emissions http://www.pacificorp.com/es/mining.html 17The carbon intensity of a data center’s electricity is more important than it’s efficiency!
  18. 18. Cloud providers 18Partial list of cloud companies
  19. 19. Clean cloud providers 19Rackspace’s UK data center runs on 100% renewable powerGoogle have large renewable investments and their operations are carbon neutral
  20. 20. Clean cloud providers 20Greenqloud are based in Iceland where elec is 100% renewable
  21. 21. Clean cloud providers http://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/sustainable-energy/ 21Amazon claim 0 carbon for two of their regions
  22. 22. Clean cloud providers https://twitter.com/jeffbarr/status/251306461836222464 22but demur when asked to back up the claimHow can we verify it is true?*Sound of crickets chirping*
  23. 23. Problem Data? 23
  24. 24. Cloud emissions data 24Partial list of cloud companies
  25. 25. Cloud emissions data providers http://www.sapsustainabilityreport.com/greenhouse-gas-footprint 25This is as granular as the data gets!
  26. 26. Cloud emissions data providers http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustainability/impact.jsp 26Reports 2 weeks lateGives data for carbon saved, not carbon emitted
  27. 27. Cloud emissions data providers http://www.salesforce.com/company/sustainability/savings.jsp 27Completely inaccurate depending on where in EU on premise is being hostedIf hosted in France or Spain with low carbon intensity - move to Salesforce could increase emissionsWothout Salesforce emissions data, how do we know?
  28. 28. Why don’t they? Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/pahudson/7742561802/ 28Competitive intelligence
  29. 29. Why don’t they? Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/nathanmarciniak/2207977707/ 29Hide their emissions
  30. 30. Why don’t they? Photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomasfisherlibrary/6887173879/ 30Lack of reporting standardsThis being Monktoberfest, I had to get in a gratuitous beer shot
  31. 31. Outcome “If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it” 31Lack of focus on emissions => increased emissions
  32. 32. ReminderA quick recap of 2012 so far... 32
  33. 33. Recap 33In  the  third  quarter  alone,  crop  produc2on  dropped  $12  billion  “due  to  this  summer’s  severe  heat  and  drought.”    Drop  in  US  farm  inventories  was  so  sharp  in  the  last  quarter  that  it  wiped  0.2%  off  of  U.S.  GDP  in  the  latest  revision.In  Texas,  the  drought  has  killed  more  than  300  million  trees.  Nearly  98%  of  Nebraska  is  in  extreme  to  excep2onal  drought  —  3  months  ago,  none  of  it  was!hSp://thinkprogress.org/climate/2012/09/30/929381/epic-­‐dust-­‐bowl-­‐of-­‐2012-­‐con2nues/
  34. 34. Recap http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/27/us-usa-wildfires-idUSBRE85L1DD20120627 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19433715 34One of the worst wildfire seasons on recordWildfires in US and EU
  35. 35. Recap http://edition.cnn.com/2012/09/29/world/asia/pakistan-floods/index.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19767627 35Serious floods
  36. 36. Recap http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/07/02/us-usa-weather-records-idUSBRE8611EL20120702 36From June 25th - July 1st 2012 in US 2,171 US records broken or matchedIn June 2012 that number is 3,215
  37. 37. Recap http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ 37Huge issues of ice loss in the arctic
  38. 38. Recap http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ 38Lack of focus on emissions => increased emissions
  39. 39. Recap http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/ 39Minimum was 760,000 square kilometers (293,000 square miles) below previous record minimum extentin the satellite record, which occurred on September 18, 2007. This is an area about the size of the stateof Texas.3.29 million square kilometers (1.27 million square miles) below the 1979 to 2000 average minimum,representing an area nearly twice the size of the state of Alaska18% below 2007 and 49% below the 1979 to 2000 average
  40. 40. Recap http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YegdEOSQotE 40That’s not to mention the issue of arctic methane - what its effects will be are, as yet, unknown (but theywon’t be good!)
  41. 41. Cloud?Cloud computing’s emissions don’t directly cause all these issues. But they do play a significant part. 41
  42. 42. Solution? Open Source 42Here’s where we can help
  43. 43. Solution? 43
  44. 44. Solution? http://www.flickr.com/photos/viamoi/3465644425/ 44Why not fork open source cloud platforms?
  45. 45. Solution? http://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/5369447689/ 45Add in emissions metrics & reporting tools
  46. 46. Solution? http://www.amee.com/products/ 46Companies like AMEE already provide API’s for this kind of info
  47. 47. Solution? http://www.flickr.com/photos/dixieroadrash/3769522479/ 47Get the update accepted back into the core
  48. 48. Solution? http://www.eucalyptus.com/about/customers 48And thus distributed with next update
  49. 49. Solution? http://www.cloudstack.org/users.html 49And thus distributed with next update
  50. 50. Solution? http://www.openstack.org/foundation/companies/ 50And thus distributed with next update
  51. 51. btw https://www.mastodonc.com/dashboard 51The Mastodon C dashboard gives stats on emissions from various cloud providers - in case you’reinterested in keeping your cloud emissions down.Lot of it is guestimated data - need real data.
  52. 52. Conclusion Adding emissions metrics & reporting tocloud computing will help reduce emissions. Question is - is anyone up for it? 52
  53. 53. Thanks! Contact information: Tom RafteryPrincipal Analyst, Energy & Sustainability, RedMonk Tom@redmonk.com, GreenMonk.net, Twitter.com/tomraftery +34 677 695 468 53
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