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  • 1. Chapter Four: The American Revolution Section Three: The War for Independence A. The Opposing Sides CHUNK #4 - Turn to pages 138-138. Read The Opposing Sides. List the advantages and disadvantages of both the Colonial and the English. Advantages _ Colonial ______Disadvantages Advantages ___ English _____ Disadvantages a. Colonial Disadvantages i. Poorly ________________. ii. Not enough _____________- (many deserted). iii. Not enough _____________- to pay for supplies, soldiers, etc. b. Colonial Advantages i. Tactics: __________________ warfare used by the militias was very successful against the English. ii. Colonists were fighting on their own _______________ (home field advantage). c. English Advantages i. Better _________________ and equipped. ii. Hired German _________________ (soldiers for hire) called Hessians to help them fight. d. English Disadvantages i. The war was not __________________ in England. B. The Northern Campaign a. The Battle of Trenton i. Washington turned around in the middle of his __________________ and crossed back over the Delaware River. ii. Led a _______________ attack on the Hessians (German mercenaries hired to fight for the British) and killed about 1000.
  • 2. b. Valley Forge i. Considered to be a _________ point for Washington's army. ii. Washington’s army spent the winter of 1777 at Valley Forge, PA where about 2500 died of ________________ and cold. c. The Battle of Saratoga i. _________________ point in the American Revolution. ii. The colonists knew they would need ________________ help to defeat the English. iii. The French had been sending ___________ and supplies, but would not send troops unless they knew the colonies could win. iv. This was the victory the colonists needed to get ________________ help. v. The French soon _____________________ American independence. C. The War is Won a. The Battle of Yorktown i. English General __________________marched to Virginia . ii. He was met by American forces and was __________________. iii. He retreated to ________________, VA. v. Washington attacked Cornwallis and the French ______________ kept the English from sending reinforcements. vi. Cornwallis _______________ on October 19, 1783 and the war was over. b. Treaty of Paris 1783 i. England recognized American ________________________. ii. Gave the new UNITED STATES all the ____________________ to the Mississippi River.