Bihar an overview
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Bihar an overview



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Bihar an overview Bihar an overview Presentation Transcript

  • I’m Bihar 2I’m the history of India, I gave the world its first Republic; I nourished Buddha to enlightenment; I gave world its best ancient university; My son Chanakya was the father of Economics; Mahavir came out of my womb to found Jainism; My son Valmiki wrote Ramayan; the greatest Epic Rishi Shushrut, the father of surgery, lived on my soil; My son Vatsayana wrote Kamasutra, the treatise of love; My son Ashoka was the greatest ruler of India; I gave birth to Aryabhatt, the great ancient mathematician; My son Dinkar is the national poet of India; I gave India its first president; I’m the land of festivals, I’m brotherhood, I’m humility, I’m the past, I’m the future, I’m opportunity, I’m revolution, I’m culture, I’m heritage, I’m intellect, I’m farmer, I’m power, I’m literature, I’m poetry, I’m love, I’m heart, I’m soul, I’m global, I’m inspiration, I’m freedom, I’m force, I’m destiny, I’m Bihar, ...Come with your dream I will make it a reality Bihar Day - 22 March
  • History/a glorious past - inspires the coming generations . But, it also sends a strong message that “Anything which goes up, Comes Down”. That’s the law of the nature. 3 Same is the case with Bihar.Modern day India has conveniently forgotten that Bihar has a historical significance in world history since ancient period. View slide
  • Geography 4 Upper northeast corner of India and in the southern foothills of the Himalaya Mountain Range, touching Nepal One of the most notable features of Bihar is its location in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. This plain is very fertile, making it ideal for an agrarian society.Bihar Day - 22 March View slide
  • Bihar- Ancient India 5 Magadha Kingdom (capital – Rajagriha or Rajgir) ….. Jarasandh Bihar – the name is derived from “Vihara” – a land of monasteries Ancient Bihar – Magadha (capital- Pataliputra), was the center of power, learning, and culture in India for 1000 years Land of Mauryan empire (321- 185 BC; India’s first empire) , Buddhism & Jainism – religion & revolutionBihar Day - 22 March
  • Bihar- Ancient India 6 First known republics in the world, Licchavi, existed in the region Lord Mahavira - born at Vaishali - attained nirvana at Pawapuri, near Rajgir (599–527 BCE) Enlightenment – Prince Siddhartha Gautama becomes Buddha – under Bodhi (pipal) tree, in Bodh GayaBihar Day - 22 March
  • Magadha Empire 7 Haryanka dynasty (684– 413 BC) - Bimbisara - Ajatashatru Nanda Dynasty (424-321 BC) - Mahapadma Nanda - Dhana Nanda - Alexander invasion Maurya Empire (321-185 BC) - Chanakya (Kautilya /Vishnugupta) & Chandragupta Maurya - Ashoka the great (234- 198 BC) The Nanda Empire at its greatest extent underBihar Day - 22 March Dhana Nanda circa 323 BC.
  • Recorded History 8“As for the Macedonians, however, their struggle with Porus blunted their courage and stayed their further advance into India. For having had all they could do to repulse an enemy who mustered only twenty thousand infantry and two thousand horse, they violently opposed Alexander when he insisted on crossing the river Ganges also, the width of which, as they learned, was thirty-two furlongs, its depth a hundred fathoms, while its banks on the further side were covered with multitudes of men-at-arms and horsemen and elephants. For they were told that the kings of the Ganderites and Praesii were awaiting them with eighty thousand horsemen, two hundred thousand footmen, eight thousand chariots, and six thousand fighting elephants.” – Greek sourcesBihar Day - 22 March
  • Maurya Empire 9 Chandragupta extended the borders of the MauryaThe Maurya Empire when it was first founded by Empire towards Seleucid Persia after defeatingChandragupta Maurya circa 320 BCE, after conquering Seleucus circa 305 BCE.the Nanda Empire when he was only about 20 years old.
  • Golden age of India 10 Gupta Empire (320-550 CE) - Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II, Kalidasa, Aryabhata, Varahamihira, Vishnu Sharma and Vatsyayana The time of the Gupta Empire was an "Indian Golden Age" in Indian science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy The Ajanta paintings were made during the Gupta period
  • Chandashoka -> Devānāmpriya -> Ashoka the great 11 His empire stretched from present-day Pakistan, Afghanistan and eastern parts of Iran in the west, to the present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of Assam in the east, and as far south as northern Kerala and Andhra Pradesh Embraced Buddhism after witnessing the mass deaths of the Kalinga war Played a critical role in establishing Buddhism as a world religion Ashoka’s EmpireBihar Day - 22 March
  • Ashoka the Great 12“In the history of the world there have been thousands of kings and emperors who called themselves their highnesses, their majesties, and their exalted majesties and so on. They shone for a brief moment, and as quickly disappeared. But Ashoka shines and shines brightly like a bright star, even unto this day.” --- H.G. Wells Picture by Benjamin Simpson, 1860Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Medieval period 13 Bihar saw period of glory for about six years during the rule of Sher Shah Suri (an Afgan), who hailed from Sasaram. Built the longest road of the Indian subcontinent, the Grand Trunk Road, which starts from Calcutta and ends at Peshawar, Pakistan. The economic reforms carried out by Sher Shah, like the introduction of Rupee and Custom Duties, is still used in the Republic of India. The 10th and the last Guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh was born at Patna Sahib, Patna in 1666Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Pre and Post Independence 14 Babu Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur as well as countless other persons from Bihar, contributed to the Indias First War of Independence/ Sepoy Mutiny (1857). It was from Bihar that Mahatma Gandhi launched his pioneering civil- disobedience movement, Champaran Satyagraha. Jayaprakash Narayan (JP or Loknayak) – Indian independence activist and political leader, remembered especially for successfully leading the opposition to Emergency (Indira Gandhi) in the 1970s and for giving a call for peaceful Total Revolution. Janta Dal – under JP’s guidance – became the first non-Congress party to form a government at the centre. Which area in Bangalore is named after him? Any guesses????Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Polity 15  Currently 2 main political formations -- NDA  Janata Dal (U) and Bharatiya Janata Party -- Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)  Indian National CongressBihar Day - 22 March
  • Polity (cont’d) 16 1990-1997 – Lalu Prasad Yadav - Good start (lots of promises) - Corruption charges forced his resignation but anointed his wife CM (Puppet CM) - 1997-2005 (Rabri Devi) further deterioration of administration - Voted out of power in 2005 The state of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar in the year 2000 2005- till now – Nitish Kumar - Hope, law & order improvement - Good work: agriculture, education, industry, corruption control, infrastructure - On right track (so far) …..Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Paintings of Mithila 17 Madhubani painting is a style of Indian painting practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar. Tradition states that this style of painting originated at the time of the Ramayana, when King Janak commissioned artists to do paintings at the time of marriage of his daughter, Sita, to Lord RamBihar Day - 22 March
  • Paintings of Mithila 18Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Main Festivals 19 Chhath - Worship of Sun God Teej - Worship of Goddess Parvati Shravani mela (Baidyanathdham) - Worship of Shiva - Pilgrims, known as Kanwarias, wear saffron colored clothes - collect water from a sacred Ghat at Sultanganj - walk the 108 km stretch barefooted to the town of Deoghar to bathe a sacred Shiva LingaBihar Day - 22 March
  • Sonepur cattle fair 20 The Sonepur cattle fair - the largest cattle fair in Asia - is a month long event starting approximately half a month after Deepawali. It is held on the banks of the Gandak River in the town of Sonepur Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Famous Personalities 21 Ancient India: Valmiki, Aryabhatta, ChandraGupta Maurya, Asoka the great, Chanakya, Panini, Vatsyayana Religion: Sita (Hinduism), Mahavira (Jainism), Gautam Buddha (Buddhism), Guru Gobind Singh ji Poets/writers: Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Vidyapati, Ram Sharan (R. S.) Sharma, Nagarjuna (Vaidya Nath Mishra), Ramavriksha Benipuri, George Orwell Freedom Fighters/Politicians: Dr Rajendra Prasad, Jayaprakash Narayan (JP), Jagjivan Ram, Karpoori Thakur, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Yogendra Shukla, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Baikuntha Shukla, Veer Kunwar Singh, Yashwant Sinha, Lalu, Nitish KumarBihar Day - 22 March
  • Bihar Day - 22 March 22
  • Bihar Day - 22 March 23
  • Famous tourist destinations 24 Gaya Gaya: ancient Hindu city Pitra Tarpan mela – The ritual of offering oblations of water to our ancestors is referred to as Pitra Tarpan Gaya derives its name from the mythological demon GayasurBihar Day - 22 March
  • Famous tourist destinations 25Bodhgaya Near the holy city of Gaya, the Buddha attained enlightenment. The tree that had sheltered him came to be known as the Bodhi tree and the place Bodhgaya. Today Bodhgaya, an important place of pilgrimage, has a number of monasteries, some of them established by Buddhists of Japan, Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka etc.Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Bodhgaya 26 Bhutanese influenced Buddha image, Bhutanese TempleThis Bodhi tree is a direct descendant of the original Bodhi tree
  • Famous tourist destinations 27 Nalanda A great centre of Buddhist learning, Nalanda came into prominence around the 5th century BC and was a flourishing university town with over ten thousand scholars and an extensive library Dharma Gunj (Mountain of Truth) or Dharmagañja (Treasury of Truth) - library of Nalanda Was sacked by Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193; thousands of monks were burned alive and the library continued to burn for several months Singapore, China, India, Japan, and other nations, announced a proposed plan to restore and revive the ancient site as Nalanda International UniversityBihar Day - 22 March
  • Famous tourist destinations 28 Patna: once called Patliputra the capital of Bihar, is among the worlds oldest capital cities with unbroken history of many centuries as imperial metropolis of the Mauryas and Guptas imperial dynasties Vaishali: Vaishali was one of the earliest republics in the world (6th century BC). It was here that Buddha preached his last sermon. Vaishali, birthplace of Lord Mahavira is also Sacred to Jains. Rajgir: Rajgir, 19 kms from Nalanda, was the ancient capital of Magadha Empire. Lord Buddha often visited the monastery here to meditate and to preach. Rajgir is also a place sacred to the Jains, Since Lord Mahavira spent many years here. Pawapuri: In Pawapuri, or Apapuri, 38 kilometres from Rajgir and 90, all sins end for a devout Jain. Lord Mahavira, the final tirthankar and founder of Jainism, breathed his last at this place.Bihar Day - 22 March
  • City of Patna 29 Patna MuseumHar Mandir Takht – One Of The Four Sacred Shrines Of The Sikhs Mahatma Gandhi Setu – One of the longest river bridges in the world Golghar
  • Famous tourist destinations 30Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Cinema – Bhojpuri film industry 31 Bihar has a vibrant cinema audience for Bhojpuri language Ganga Jamuna (1961) – first Bhojpuri movie Many stars of mainstream Bollywood cinema, including Amitabh Bachchan, have worked in Bhojpuri films Some all-time favorites: Lagi nahin chute ram; Nadiya Ke Paar; Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo; Mai Few must watch Bollywood movies: Nadiya ke par, Shool, Ramji Landonwaley, Apharan, Gangajal Aarakshan (by Prakash Jha) – coming soon….Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Education 32 Historically, Bihar has been a major centre of learning, home to the ancient universities of Nalanda (established in 450 CE) and Vikramshila (established in 783 AD). After independence Bihar lost the pace in terms of establishing a centre of education. Modern Bihar has inadequate educational infrastructure creating a huge mismatch between demand and supply Revival: Science College, BIT Mesra, IIT, NIT, NIFT Patna, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER); Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences; Chanakya National Law University a law university and Chandragupt Institute of Management a management institute was established in later half of 2008. The All India Institute of MedicalSciences (AIIMS) in Patna may become functional by April 2012Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Bihar: A land of ImmenseOpportunities for Agro and Food Processing
  • Potential for Agro and Food Processing Paddy: 50 lacs MT produced in an area of 40 lacs Ha Maize: 20 lacs MT produced in an area of 7 lacs Ha Vegetables: Third largest producer, approx 130 Lacs MT Fruits: Seventh Largest produces, approx 30 lacs MT Unique products: Litchi and Makhana
  • Opportunities for rice-based industries 35 Modern Rice Mills  Some famous fine varieties: Katarani, Sona Chood  Thriving milling industry in Rohtas, Buxar, Kaimur, Aurangabad, Bhojpur  Bihar is one of the largest markets for milled rice  Current milling capacity in the state not enough to meet the demand Husk Based Power Plants  Large quantity of Paddy production  Productivity of Bhabhua one of the highest in India – 3.11t/ha
  • Fruits & Vegetable Based Processing 36 Litchi Processing  Bihar produces 75% of the litchi in the country  Highly perishable fruit, processing center should be close to production  Shahi litchi flavour is absent outside the Muzaffarpur litchi cluster  Only 5000 MT of processing capacity in Bihar, not even 5 % of estimated production  Litchi producing area well connected by road and rail Other Fruits and Vegetable Processing  Banana ripening and processing: About 10 lacs MT production in Vaishali and Bhagalpur region  Makhana: 20, 000 MT of production in districts like Darbhanga, Madhubani, Purnea and Katihar
  • Jute Processing 37 State is a major jute producing region Accounts for 13 % of jute production, second after WB Purnea, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Supaul and Madhepura major jute producing districts A comprehensive business plan needed for balanced growth of the sector Processing is identified as a weakness, less than 5 % processed in State State Offers immense opportunities for setting up of facilities Value added products, diversified jute products etc. One Jute park under PPP mode coming up in Purnea with an estimated investment of Rs.125 crores
  • Sugar Sector Prospects 38 Traditionally State has been an important sugar producing region State Government trying to revive 19 closed sugar mills Reliance and HPCL among Bidders awarded mills for revival in the first phase Fresh bids being invited for other mills Ethanol production to be focus of new investment plans
  • Future… 39 Nothing is constant in this world, be that high or low, Sun always rises after sunset and a every night is the indication of a coming day. Does that mean that dark, cloudy and gloomy days of Bihar will also be over? The answer is yes-yes because it has all the means available at its end to become a developed and industrialized state, be that of natural resources, labor resources or intellectual manpower. It is just a matter of time. In order to transform Bihar there has to be an over all participation. Centre has to take the responsibility of granting the required fund for the development and they have to set up a monitoring committee to see that the policy, programmes, projects reaches its destination.Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Future.. 40 State government must continue with the good work and approach. They need to understand that development can also be used as a political capital to generate votes and win election. People in turn have to realize that the world is changing fast, if they wont respond to change and don’t discard the age old dogma of casteism (responsibility lies with the youths) they will be left far behind in isolation because castiest feelings will always act as major block in development of the state.Bihar Day - 22 March
  • Dont listen to what Suman says. Go see. 41 The Diamond throne (Vajrasana)– BodhgayaBihar Day - 22 March