Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

What are some things every indian should know about Indian history


Published on

What are some things every indian should know about Indian history

  1. 1. What are some things every Indianshould know about Indian history? Balaji Viswanathan Text content in: some-things-every-Indian-should-know-about- Indian-history
  2. 2. A short story of a land with a million colors
  3. 3. We weren’t always poor – For most ofrecorded history India led the world in GDP
  4. 4. “India, that is Bharat, shall be a unionof states…” – starts Indian constitution• Official name in Indian languages is Bharat – after the mythological emperor of Bharatha• Vedas use the term Bharatavarsa & Aryavrata• Japanese called us Tenjiku, Chinese called us Tianzhu: both meaning heaven• The name Indu was created by Greeks who associated us with the river Sindu• Persians & Arabs called us – Hindustan – from the root Indu
  5. 5. 7000 BCE – Mehrgarh Civilization: Start of farming & herding
  6. 6. 3000 BC – Start of Indus Valley Civilization: World’s most planned cities and sanitation systems
  7. 7. 2500 BC – Massive cities & invention of toilets & bathrooms
  8. 8. 1500 BCE – Start of Vedic Age – world’s oldest surviving literature 1. Rig Veda 2. Sama Veda 3. Yajur Veda 4. Atharvana Veda
  9. 9. 800 BC-800 AD: Magadha kingdoms – Birth of Indian religions – Buddhism & Jainism
  10. 10. 500 BC: Takshashila (Taxila) University – Cambridge of IndiaThe world’s one of the first universities housed 100s of great scholars, including themaster of strategy: Chanakya, Charaka – the master of Ayurvedic medicine and Panini -master of grammar. All of their works are still used in India. It is near the modern city ofIslamabad, Pakistan.
  11. 11. 500-300 BC: Nanda Empire –Consolidation of India begins
  12. 12. 328 BC: Theunstoppable Alexanderis finally stopped inBattle of Hydaspes by alocal Indian ruler - KingPurushothama (Porus)who ruled Purushapura(Peshawar). Althoughhe was defeated in theclosely fought war,Alexander consideredhim an equal.
  13. 13. 320 BC: Shamed by the lack of support for Porus from other Indian kings, Kautliya leaves his professor job atTaxila to become a king maker. His book Arthasastra is a landmark work in business & military strategy
  14. 14. 320 BC: Chandragupta Maurya: The first Indian emperor & a disciple of Kautilya
  15. 15. 269 BC: Rise of Emperor Ashoka – the greatest of Indian kings Fights a nasty war with Kalinga. The colossal destruction moves him & becomes a pacifist. He spread Buddhism throughout Asia (including China and Sri Lanka). Gave India its current emblem & the wheel in the flag.
  16. 16. Ashoka’s Rule: Period of bliss and a full unification of India
  17. 17. 70 BC: Jews fleeing persecution were welcomed. India was the only major regionwhere Jews faced no anti-semitism. 52 AD: Early Christians were provided asylum.Later Zorastrians fled Persia in 10th century AD. In modern days, Dalai Lama & TibetanBuddhists escaped China in 1959. First civilization to accept in all cases.
  18. 18. 320-550 AD: Gupta Age: Golden Age of India India produced some of the greatest thinkers in this period: 1. Aryabhata (left) – Used decimal system, approximated pi, built trignometry 2. Kalidasa – master of drama & theater 3. Vatsayana – wrote Kamasutra 4. Varamihira – a great astronomer who built important works in trignometry
  19. 19. 6th-13th Century AD: Nalanda University (modern Bihar) A great center of learning for the ancients that attracted students from Greece, Persia and China.
  20. 20. 3rd century BC – 13th century AD: Chola dynasty of South. Builtstunning temples. Most temples survive intact for1000+ years
  21. 21. Rajendra Chola (1014 AD): Ruled South east Asia fromSouth India. Trade & art flourished. Indian culture spread.
  22. 22. 12th-15th Century AD:Sultanates: Dark ages in Indian history. Nation begins its long decline
  23. 23. 1336-1646 AD: Vijayanagara Empire. Rebuilt South India after foreign invasions that destroyed most native temples South languages – especially Telugu and Kannada flourished during their period and Hinduism had its renaissance. They are famous for the ruins in Hampi.
  24. 24. Mughal empire: 1526-1757 AD. Period of great Islamic architecture
  25. 25. Extent of Mughal Empire. By 1707,most of India came under their rule.
  26. 26. 1616 AD: East India Company is allowed to operate in India. Began as traders. First megacorporation of the world.
  27. 27. 1680 AD: Death of the last great Indian king – Shivaji. India was ripe to be conquered now.
  28. 28. 1757: Turning point in battle of Plassey due to betrayal by local general. East India company now rules India
  29. 29. 1857: Indians start fighting back. Triggered by a suspicious coating of gun cartridges. First war of Independence
  30. 30. Between 1850-1900: 24 major famines attack India. Massive neglect kill millions. Indians get dirt poor and hungry.
  31. 31. 1885: Indian national congress formed. Firstlittle step towards peaceful freedom struggle.
  32. 32. 1919: Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Turning point in Indian freedom struggle.
  33. 33. 1930: Gandhi begins the landmark Dandi March and used simple salt to shake British Empire. India now sees hope. People come in droves.
  34. 34. 1947: India gets its freedom. The nation is brokeninto India (1947), Pakistan (1947), and Bangladesh (1971)
  35. 35. Summary: A short history of Indian dynasties
  36. 36. We don’t need to be poor. We justneed to discover our glorious past.