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Visual dictionary 4
 

Visual dictionary 4

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    Visual dictionary 4 Visual dictionary 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Air Barrier Paper
      A polyolefin sheet material that is permeable to water vapor but not to air or liquid water.
      Air barriers protect the structure from weather to ensure that the interior walls do not become mildewed and corroded. Also they help to reduce energy used by limiting airflow.
    • Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent
      located at the eave of a roof, permit generous airflow to the rafter space as they act as the intake to the attic’s ventilation.
    • Attic VentilationRidge Vent
      Ridge Vents, located at the highest point of a roof, allows air to be exhausted while still protecting the attic from weather.
    • Attic VentilationGable Vent
      located high in the wall at opposite ends of an attic. Gable vents create a cross draft to help ventilate the attic.
    • Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine
      Roof Turbines use wind to expel air out of the attic to ensure the moist air does not settle in the attic and begin to mold.
    • Combo Backhoe/Front end loader
      Piece of equipment used in the excavation of a site consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-piece articulated arm. This bucket is thirty inches wide.
    • Batter Boards
      Boards that are set horizontally along the edge of a foundation, which are used to support strings that outline the foundation.
    • Brick ArchesRoman Arch
    • Brick ArchesTudor Arch
    • Brick ArchesArch with A Keystone
    • Brick ArchesCentering
      Centering is the process of setting up temporary formwork in the process of building an arch, dome, or vault.
    • Brick BondsRunning Bond
      Running Bond is the simplest of the basic pattern bonds, consisting of all stretchers. Running bond can be laid in half bond, a third, or a quarter bond pattern
    • Brick BondsFlemish Bond
      Flemish Bond consists of alternating stretchers and headers, with the headers in alternate courses centered over the stretchers in the intervening courses.
    • Brick BondsRowlocks Headers
    • Brick BondsSoldiers Sailors
    • Brick BondsStretcher Rowlocks (shiners)
    • Brick SizesModular Standard
      3 ⅝ x 7⅝ x 2¼
      3⅝ x 11⅝ x 1⅝
    • Bulldozer
      A heavy engineering vehicle that has a large vertically mounted blade in the front that is used to move earth, tree stumps etc.
    • CladdingBrick EIFS
    • CladdingStone Wood Boards
      Random Ashlar
    • CladdingWood Shingles
      Wood Shakes: a shingle split from a block of wood
      Wood Shingle: is sawn from a block of wood
      This is a picture of Wood shingles
    • Code RequirementsMy Window
      My bedroom window:
      Width – 30”
      Height – 51”
      Net Opening – 10.6 sq.ft.
      Sill Height – 27”
      Code Requirements:
      Width – 20”
      Height – 24”
      Net Opening – 5.7 sq. ft.
      Still Height – 44”
      My window meets the code requirements for egress as it meets the minimum height, width, opening measurements and the sill height is less than 44”
    • Code requirementsStairs
      My Stairs:
      Tread - 10½”
      Riser – 7
      Code Requirements:
      Tread – 10” minimum
      Riser 7¾” maximum
      My stairs meet the code requirements for tread and riser maximum and minimum
    • Concrete jointsControl joint
      An intentional groove strategically placed to prevent cracking in a slab of concrete.
    • Concrete JointsIsolation Joint
      This is an isolation joint between a pool hot tub and the concrete slab poured next to it. Polyethylene foam was put between the rock wall and the slab before the caulking was put in the joint to seal it.
    • Concrete JointsIsolation Joint
      Isolation joints isolate concete slabs from another thing, such a wall, column, drain pipe, etc.
    • Concrete Masonry UnitsCMU’s
      The work horses of masonry construction. In residential construction, they serve primarily in foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces.
    • Concrete Masonry UnitCMU’s
      The most common CMU block is nominally
      8 x 8 x 16 inches
    • Decorative Masonry UnitsSplit Block Ribbed Block
    • DoorsFlush Door
    • Doors 6 Panel Door
      Top Rail
      Panel
      Stile
      Lock Rail
      Bottom Rail
    • DoorsTransom
      A window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door
    • DoorsSidelight
      A tall, narrow window alongside a door.
    • ElectricalPower Pole with transformer
      An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.
    • ElectricalService Head
      The service head is where the power lines connect to the house
    • ElectricalService Head
    • ElectricalMeter
      Measures power usage of the home.
    • ElectricalService Panel
      Houses the breakers, which act as fuses, for the electrical circuits in the home.
    • ElectricalDuplex Receptacle
      Electrical outlet with space for two plugs
    • Framing1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate
    • Framing3. Floor Joist 4. Subflooring
    • Framing5. Sole Plate 6. Stud
    • Framing 7. Top Plate 8. Unfinished Stringer
    • Framing9. Ceiling Joist 10. Rafter
    • Framing 11. Roof Decking 12. Sheathing
    • Front End Loader
      Front-end loaders are used to move a material from one place to another. Unlike the bulldozer, the front-end loader can pick up material in its bucket whereas a bulldozer can only push the material. A front-end loader cannot dig into the ground like a backhoe can do.
    • Gypsum Board
      Wall board made of layers of fiberboard or paper bonded to a gypsum core
    • Heat PumpCompressor/evaporator
      Advantage: Has the ability to both heat and cool
      Disadvantage: Difficult to zone
      Fan moves outdoor air across coils containing refrigerant to change the temperature of the refrigerant.
    • Heat PumpAir Handling Unit
      Conditions and circulates the air in an air-conditioning unit
    • InsulationBatt/blanket
      Most popular type of insulation for wall cavities. Also used in some attics, roofs, and floors.
    • InsulationLoose Fill
      Most commonly used in attics because it is inexpensive and leaves few voids with no gaps between pieces
    • InsulationFoamed
      Has a very high R value
      Is sprayed between wall studs
      At the time of spraying, the components are dense liquids, but they react immediately with one another to produce a low density foam.
    • InsulationRigid Board
      Used where high R-value per unit thickness is necessary. Commonly found in roof assemblies, walls and ceilings where insulation thickness is limited, and in below grade areas with a special water resistant composition.
    • Steel Lintel
      A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
    • MortarConcave joint
      Tooled, Concave
      3/8” wide
      Residential Building
      Mortar Type: N
    • MortarConcave joint
    • MortarExtrudingjoint
      Neither tooled or troweled
      ½ inch wide
      Residential building
      Type N mortar
    • Mortar Extrudingjoint
    • Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
      A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. The strands of rectangular wood strips are held together by a wax and resin adhesive.
    • Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
    • PlumbingLavatory
      1 ½” pipe is used to drain a lavatory
    • PlumbingWater Closet
      3” pipe is used to drain a toilet
    • PlumbingManufactured tub unit
    • PlumbingVent
      The Vent Through Roof (VTR) maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air.
    • PlumbingUndermount sink Integrated sink
    • Plywood
      A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer and bonded together under pressure.
      Veneer – A thin layer, sheet or facing.
    • Plywood
      Define the word “veneer”
    • Radiant Barrier
    • Rebar
      #5 Rebar, 5/8”
      Deformations in rebar are to help prevent slipping
    • Steep Roof DrainageGutter
      A narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure, typically into a drain. The main purpose of a rain gutter is to protect a building‘s foundation by channeling water away from its base
    • Steep Roof DrainageDownspout
      Feeds the water collected by the rain gutter
    • Steep Roof DrainageSplashblock
      Used in order to prevent soil erosion/moisture problems around the foundation of a building or house. Leads the water away from foundation
    • Steep Roof MaterialsUnderlayment
      Roof underlayments are designed to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration. This example was a scrap piece I found on site.
    • Steep Roof MaterialsClay Tile Roof
    • Steep Roof MaterialsCedar Shingles Slate Shingles
      A thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building.
    • Steep Roof MaterialsMetal Panel Roof
      Galvanized Steel
    • Steep Roof ShapesGable Gambrel
    • Steep Roof ShapesHip Roof Mansard Roof
    • Steep Roof Terms
      Ridge
      level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof
      Valley
      Trough formed by the intersection of 2 roof slopes
    • Steep Roof Terms
      • Eave
      Is the edge of a roof. They usually project beyond the side of the building to provide weather protection.
    • Steep Roof Terms
      Rake
      Sloping edge of steep roof
    • Steep Roof Terms
      Fascia
      Exposed vertical surface of an eave
    • Steep Roof Terms
      Soffit
      Undersurface of a horizontal element of a building
    • Photo of building without Fascia
    • StoneRandom Rubble Coursed Rubble
    • StoneRandom Ashlar Coursed Ashlar
    • Vapor Retarder
      Placed between insulation and sheathing, prevents condensation of water vapor
      Is put on the warm in winter side
    • Waterproofing
      Impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation
      Prevents penetration of water
    • Weep Hole
      A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
    • Weep Hole
    • Welded Wire Fabric
      Measurements
    • WindowsDouble Hung
      Has two panes which slide up or down onto each other
    • WindowsCasement
      Has one vertically hinged window swinging outward
    • WindowsSingle Hung?
      Why is it a single hung?