Tracking Crises on Twitter: Analysing #qldfloods and #eqnz

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Paper presented at the Emergency Media and Public Affairs conference, Canberra, 12 April 2011.

Paper presented at the Emergency Media and Public Affairs conference, Canberra, 12 April 2011.

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  • 1. Tracking Crises on Twitter: Analysing #qldfloods and #eqnz
    Image by campoalto
    Assoc. Prof. Axel BrunsARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and InnovationQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbane, Australia
    a.bruns@qut.edu.au / @snurb_dot_info
    http://mappingonlinepublics.net/
  • 2. Social Media during Emergencies
    Changing media ecologies:
    Social media as part of everyday media use
    Various platforms:
    Facebook, Twitter, blogs – updates and information
    YouTube, Flickr, Twitpic – first-hand video and photos
    Google Maps, Ushahidi – map-based information mashups
    • Different tools for different purposes
    Various levels of maturity:
    Uses and use practices still developing
    Different demographic reach
    Technological differences:
    e.g. Facebook: built around personal networks; semi-private; discussion threads
    e.g. Twitter: open, flat network; public #hashtag conversations; update stream
  • 3. Twitter and the Queensland Floods: #qldfloods tweets
    10 Jan 2011 11 Jan 2011 12 Jan 2011 13 Jan 2011 14 Jan 2011 15 Jan 2011
  • 4. Local Focus: #qldfloods from Toowoomba to Brisbane
    Toowoomba vs. Lockyer/Grantham vs. Ipswich vs. Brisbane slide
    10 Jan 2011 11 Jan 2011 12 Jan 2011 13 Jan 2011 14 Jan 2011 15 Jan 2011
  • 5. Twitter and the Queensland Floods: #qldfloods posters
    retweet feeds
    mainstream media
    Qld Police
  • 6. Twitter and the Queensland Floods: #qldfloods @replies
    authorities
    mainstream media
  • 7. @QPSmedia as Central #qldfloods Information Source
  • 8. #qldfloods Network Map – Most Active Accounts Only(Degree >= 15 / Node size: indegree / node colour: outdegree)
  • 9. Twitter and the Queensland Floods
    First lessons:
    #qldfloods as coordinating tool – one central hashtag
    Go where the users are – and help establish hashtag
    Plus inventive additions – e.g. @QPSmedia #Mythbuster tweets
    Most activity by individuals – but key official accounts cut through
    Enable easy retweeting and sharing of messages
    Respond and engage
    Mainstream media are important in social media environments, too
    Twitter as an amplifier of key messages
    Twitter vs. Facebook – which works when?
  • 10. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake: #eqnz
    22/2 23 24 25 26 27 28 1/3 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • 11. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake: #eqnz @replies
    mainstream media
    authorities
    utilities
  • 12. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake: #eqnz @replies
    Changing @reply patterns with the move from rescue to recovery:
  • 13. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake: #eqnz Themes
  • 14. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake: #eqnz Themes
  • 15. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake: #eqnz Themes
  • 16. Twitter and the Christchurch Earthquake
    Towards better strategies for social media in disasters:
    February 2011 earthquake building on lessons learnt in September 2010
    #eqnz and key Twitter accounts already established
    Several key accounts sharing the load and dividing responsibilities
    More experienced use of Twitter by residents and authorities
    Clear shift in attention after the immediate rescue phase:
    Marked differences in list of most @replied/retweeted accounts
    Some tracking of current problems / issues / fears may be possible
    Decline in overall tweet volume / diversification of #hashtags?
  • 17. Twitter Events in Perspective: Comparing the Main 24h
  • 18. Twitter and the Japanese Tsunami: Beyond the #Hashtag
  • 19. Background: Researching Twitter
    #hashtag studies:
    Selected #hashtags captured from the Twitter API using yourTwapperkeeper
    Data processing using custom-made tools – keyword and network analysis
    Statistic and network visualisations – including dynamic visualisations
    Broader research:
    #hashtags are limited – much additional activity outside #hashtags
    How do #hashtags emerge, how do users encounter and choose them?
    How much does Twitter use during crises differ from everyday usage?
    Mapping Online Publics:
    ARC Discovery project, 2010-12: Assoc. Prof. Axel Bruns and Dr. Jean Burgess, QUT
    Methodology and outcomes: http://mappingonlinepublics.net/
    Further projects on social media and crisis communication under development please get in touch!
  • 20. http://mappingonlinepublics.net/
    Image by campoalto
    @snurb_dot_info
    @jeanburgess