Cyborg: cybernated organism


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Cyborg: cybernated organism

  1. 1. A Cyborg, also known as a Cybernetic organism,is a being with both biological and artificial(e.g. electronic, mechanical or robotic) parts.The term was coined in 1960 whenManfred Clynes and Nathan Kline used it inan article about the advantages ofself-regulating human-machine systems inouter space .
  2. 2. The Cyborg is oftenseen today merely as an organism that has Super abilities due to technology but this perhaps oversimplifies the category of feedback.
  3. 3. What is a Cyborg as seen by humanperception???????Fictional cyborgs are portrayed as asynthesis of organic and synthetic parts,and frequently pose the question ofdifference between human and machineas one concerned with morality, free will,and empathy. Fictional cyborgs may berepresented as visibly mechanical parts….for example the most famous Cyborg ofall times…..The Terminator…..
  4. 4. As being a human and have a tendency tosee the negative part of subject….We lack our confidence ofbeing optimistic …….Now everything in this universe hastwo perspectives to reach it….NEGATIVE POSITIVE
  5. 5. Scope of Cyborgs on the positive front......... • Medics….. • Physical help… • space stations…. • Work holds…… • Communication And Control
  6. 6. In medicine, there are two important anddifferent types of cyborgs: these are therestorative and the enhanced.Restorative technologies “restore lostfunction, organs, and limbs”.The key aspect of restorative cyborgizationis the repair of broken or missing processesto revert to a healthy or average level offunction. There is no enhancement to theoriginal faculties and processes that werelost.
  7. 7. Now C leg system that’sBeen introduced for physicallyChallenged athletes is the greatestEver system launched for handicaps…This system not only helps them inRunning but also helps…in walking and doing otherWorks….Clearly the mixture of technology with human body enhancedThe athletes ability to run walk and other activities..This system is an example of an Enhanced cyborganization…
  8. 8. In the militaryMilitary organizations research has recently focused on theutilization of cyborg animals for inter-species relationshipsfor the purposes of a supposed tactical advantage.DARPA has announced its interest in developing"cyborg insects" to transmit data from sensors implanted into theinsect during the pupal stage. The insects motion would becontrolled from a MEMS, or Micro-Electro-Mechanical System,and would conceivably surveys an environment and detectexplosives or gas.Similarly, DARPA is developing a neural implant to remotely controlthe movement of sharks.The sharks unique senses would be exploited to provide datafeedback in relation to enemy ship movementand underwater explosives.
  9. 9. In 2009 at the Institute of Electrical andElectronics Engineers (IEEE)Micro-electronic mechanical systems (MEMS)conference in Italy,researchers demonstrated the“first wireless flying-insect cyborg.” Engineers at the University of California atBerkeley pioneered the design of a“remote controlled beetle,” funded by theDefense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA).
  10. 10. The concept of the cyborg is a rejection of rigidboundaries, notably those separating"human" from "animal" and "human" from "machine.“ In the Cyborg Manifesto, she writes:"The cyborg does not dream of communityon the model of the organic family, this time withoutthe oedipal project. The cyborg would not recognizethe Garden of Eden;it is not made of mud and cannot dreamof returning to dust."
  11. 11. According to some definitions of the term, the metaphysical and physicalAttachments humanity has with even the most basic technologies havealready made them cyborgs.In a typical example, a human fitted with a heart pacemaker or aninsulin pump (if the person has diabetes) might be considered a cyborg,since these mechanical parts enhance the bodys "natural" mechanismsthroughsynthetic feedback mechanisms.Some theorists cite such modifications as contact lenses,hearing aids, or intraocular lenses as examples of fitting humans withtechnology to enhance their biological capabilities;however, these modifications are no more cybernetic than would be a penor a wooden leg. Cochlear implants that combine mechanical modificationwith any kind of feedback response aremore accurately cyborg enhancements.
  12. 12. More broadly, the full term"cybernetic organism" is used todescribe larger networks ofcommunication and control. Forexample, cities, networks ofroads, networks of software,corporations, markets,governments, and the collectionof these things together. Acorporation can be consideredas an artificial intelligence thatmakes use of replaceable humancomponents to function. Peopleat all ranks can be consideredreplaceable agents of theirfunctionally intelligentgovernment institutions, whethersuch a view is desirable or not.
  13. 13. Now taking all the positive aspects of cyborgtill we control it……… leaves a questionin our mind that embarks…..& that is what if…..It has the power like humans to think andinnovate…….?????