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Cyborgs-The next generation human-robotic devices


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8th i.e (4x First Prize) consecutive wins on this Presentation of Cyborg.
A Cyborg is a Cybernetic Organism, part human part machine; it thrives on the inputs both from the living senses and from the machine interface, which acts as an enhancement module.

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Cyborgs-The next generation human-robotic devices

  1. 1. CYBORG
  2. 2. Contents 1. What is a Cyborg? 2. Brief Introduction 3. History 4. Cyborg model and structure 5. Science Fiction movie examples of Cyborgs 6. Real world examples of Cyborgs 7. Applications 8. Conclusion 9. References
  3. 3. WHAT IS A CYBORG? cyborg ˈsʌɪbɔːɡ/ noun a person whose physical abilities are extended beyond normal human limitations by mechanical elements built into the body. In other terms, A Cyborg is a cybernetic organism, part human part machine; it thrives on the inputs both from the living senses and from the machine interface, which acts as an enhancement module.
  4. 4. BRIEF INTRODUCTION  One thing makes today's cyborg fundamentally different from its mechanical ancestors - Information. Cyborgs are information machines.  Cyborg intelligence is dedicated to integrating AI with biological intelligence by tightly connecting machines and biological beings, for example, via brain-machine interfaces (BMIs).  BMI’s operate at the nexus of thought and action, exploiting the brain’s electrical signals to maneuver external machine actuators and feeding the machine-coded neural information back to the brain to regulate the brain’s behaviors.
  5. 5. HISTORY 1950 1953 1958 1960 Worlds first cyborg A rat, fitted with a tiny osmotic pump in Rockland State Hospital, NY,USA Heart Pacemaker A 43-year-old man received the first heart pacemaker implant Heart Lung Machine A heart-lung machine was used to control the blood circulation of an 18-year-old girl during an operation Insulin Drips Insulin drips had been used to regulate the metabolisms of diabetics First Coined The term “cyborg” was first coined by NASA scientists, Nathan Kline and Manfred Clynes in 1960.
  6. 6. ROBOTS vs. CYBORG’S • A robot doesn't necessarily have to resemble a human. • It can be in the shape of a dog, or one of those giant arms in a car factory. •Cyborgs are beings that are part mechanical and part organic. •It can be anyone whose body relies on a form of machinery in order to survive - such as a pacemaker or an insulin pump - to be a cyborg.
  7. 7. Cognitive Science Information Technology Nanotechnology Netherlands Bio-Informatics Center (NBIC) introduced tetrahedron shown in figure below in the exploratory research on human performance represented through: CYBORG MODEL AND STRUCTURE Bio Technology
  8. 8. Synergy between humans and cyborgs: The figure shows how humans and cyborg devices can interact converting different signals. INTERACTION IN A NUTSHELL
  9. 9. • Models administered through complex data management influence the analytics on the human performance due to the fact that the investigation on the human actions is incredibly complex. • These include conceptual, statistics based predictive models, predictive models based on cause and effect, and data models shown in figure below. MODELS
  10. 10. APPLICATIONS In Body modifications: As medical technology becomes more advanced, some techniques and innovations are adopted by the body modification community. Machines can be created to replace missing or disabled body parts. In the Space: Sending humans to space is a dangerous task in which the implementation of various cyborg technologies could be used in the future for risk mitigation. Cyborgs can be sent into space which can be controlled by human brains at the base station. In the military: Military organizations' research has recently focused on the utilization of cyborg animals or humans for the purposes of a supposed tactical advantage. The cyborgs can be used to develop advanced body armors, detect explosives etc. In medicine: In medicine, there are two important and different types of cyborgs: the Restorative and the Enhanced. Restorative technologies "restore lost function, organs, and limbs“ and the Enhanced cyborg intends to exceed normal processes or even gain new functions that were not originally present.
  11. 11. DISADVANTAGESADVANTAGES • Long life of the mechanical parts, compared to biological parts. • Gives a part of the body back • Improves the quality of life • Expensive • Cyborg have no problem thinking of the world around them in wider dimensions (multiple) where as human beings are more restricted in that sense.
  13. 13. REAL WORLD EXAMPLES OF CYBORGS NIGEL ACKLAND JENS NAUMANN NIEL HARBISSON STEPHEN HAWKING After losing part of his arm during an accident at work, Nigel Ackland got an upgrade. His incredibly advanced robotic prosthetic hand might be the closest thing to “The Terminator” that exists today. After a pair of horrific accidents, Jens Naumann was struck blind in both eyes. That dream became a reality when, in 2002, Naumann became the first person in the world to receive an artificial vision system. His electronic eye is connected directly to his visual cortex through brain implants. Although artist Neil Harbisson was born with achromatopsia, or extreme colorblindness he is now capable of experiencing colors beyond the scope of normal human perception. Harbisson is equipped with a specialized electronic eye, or eyeborg, which renders perceived colors as sounds on the musical scale. . Hawking has a rare early-onset slow- progressing form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease or Lou Gehrig's disease, that has gradually paralysed him over the decades. He is equipped with a machine which communicates with movements of his cheek muscles. .
  15. 15. • Cybernetics does hold a promise of taking human existence to a very different plane of consciousness. • Cybernetics is a new domain of engineering and is moving forward at a fast pace where engineers are working on building better and safer cyborg technologies. • Cyborgs are being integrated in medical and military field are proving to be extremely helpful for the disabled. • We are eventually moving towards a faster, better and a greener future. CONCLUSION
  16. 16. [1] Norbert Wiener, Donna Haraway. Cybernetics and Society-A Literature Survey. Free Association Books: London, 1989. [2] W. Ross Ashby. An Introduction to Cybernetics. Chapman & Hall Ltd.: London, 1999. [3] Cheng Hsu. Cyborg Intelligence-Brain Machine Interfaces(BMI),Neuromorphic Computing. World Scientific Publishing: Singapore, 2009, pp.75–116. [4] N Katherine Hayles. How We Become Posthuman – Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1999, pp. 247-256. [5] Manfred E. Clynes and Nathan S. Kline. Cyborgs and Space. Astronautics, 1960. REFERENCES
  17. 17. THANK YOU