COMMUNITY LED TOTAL SANITATION         (CLTS)/COMMUNITY-BASED TOTAL         SANITATION (STBM) IN INDONESIAMILESTONE, STRAT...
Outline• Milestone• Strategic plan• Lessons learned                    2
The Milestone  2003                    1.    Water as an economic and social                          goods              ...
The Milestone  2004  A cross-ministry coordination team made astudy visit on CLTS in Bangladesh and India. This       vis...
The Milestone  2005The Water and sanitationworking group and WSP-EAP World Bank throughWASPOLA initiated CLTSpilot projec...
The Milestone  2006August                   SeptemberThe Ministry of          WSLIC2 decided toHealth Declared CLTS     c...
The Milestone  2007In collaboration with the      The government inWorld Bank, the GOI            collaboration with thed...
The Milestone  2008• Launching on the  implementation of CLTS to  10,000 villages• The Decree of the Minister of  Health ...
The Milestone  2009-2010STBM is widelyimplemented. More    Medium Termcommunications       Development Planmaterials can ...
The Milestone  2011STBM Guideline was       STBM basedlaunched                 projects for urbanBy Minister of Health,  ...
The Milestone  2012                          Established web andSTBM Secretariat took     SMS basedover by the Ministry o...
Strategic Plan Component 1  Create a conducive environmentPrinciple                  Main ActivitiesIncrease support from...
Strategic Plan         Component 2  Demand Creation                           Main ActivitiesPrinciple                  •...
Strategic Plan            Component 3  Improve Supply                            Main Activities                         ...
Strategic Plan     Component 4  Knowledge Management                           Main Activities                           ...
Strategic Plan             Component 5  Financing                          Main ActivitiesPrinciple                      ...
Strategic Plan    Component 6  monitoring and evluation                         Main Activities                         •...
Lessons Learned    Three Steps of STBM1       Changing paradigm/mind set    2     Internalization    3     Implementation ...
Lessons Learned    Three Steps of STBM1    Changing paradigm/mind set     • Advocacy/socialization     • Seeing is believi...
Lessons Learned    Three Steps of STBM2    Internalization     • Establishing Local Watsan       working group     • Devel...
Lessons Learned    Three Steps of STBM3    Implementation     • Collaboration/partnership                                 ...
Thank You    Some part of thispresentation was quoted from Indonesia Watsan     Working Group                          28
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Community led total sanitation (clts) community-based total sanitation (stbm) in indonesia, milestone, strategic plan and lessons learned

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Presentasi mengenai sejarah dan perkembangan CLTS dan STBM di Indonesia oleh Oswar Mungkasa, Oktober 2012.

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  • Community led total sanitation (clts) community-based total sanitation (stbm) in indonesia, milestone, strategic plan and lessons learned

    1. 1. COMMUNITY LED TOTAL SANITATION (CLTS)/COMMUNITY-BASED TOTAL SANITATION (STBM) IN INDONESIAMILESTONE, STRATEGIC PLAN AND LESSONS LEARNED Oswar Mungkasa Plan International-ARO Wash Networking Meeting Yogyakarta, October 15, 2012
    2. 2. Outline• Milestone• Strategic plan• Lessons learned 2
    3. 3. The Milestone  2003 1. Water as an economic and social goods 2. Informed choice as the basis for aThe GOI released demand responsive approach.National Policy 3. Environmentally-based development.Development of 4. Hygiene educationCommunity Based 5. Pro poor 6. Active role of women in decisionWater Supply and makingEnvironmental 7. Accountability in the development processSanitation, compr 8. Government’s role as facilitatorised of 11 9. Active community participation 10. Optimal and target-oriented serviceprinciples 11. Application of the cost recovery principle 3
    4. 4. The Milestone  2004 A cross-ministry coordination team made astudy visit on CLTS in Bangladesh and India. This visit sparked a commitment to the implementation of CLTS pilot project in Indonesia 10
    5. 5. The Milestone  2005The Water and sanitationworking group and WSP-EAP World Bank throughWASPOLA initiated CLTSpilot project in 17 villagesin 6 regencies(Bogor, MuaroJambi, Sambas, WestLombok, Lumajang, MuaraEnim) under Water andSanitation for Low IncomeCommunities (WSLIC)Project. 11
    6. 6. The Milestone  2006August SeptemberThe Ministry of WSLIC2 decided toHealth Declared CLTS change fromas national sanitation revolving fund toprogram CLTS in all (36) districts.Plan (9 regencies) and some NGO ODF  160started to adopt approach villages 12
    7. 7. The Milestone  2007In collaboration with the The government inWorld Bank, the GOI collaboration with thedesigned new water and World Bank implementedsanitation program project that adopt total(PAMSIMAS) that includes sanitation approachCLTS (and sanitation namely Total Sanitationmarketing) in 115 districts. and Sanitation MarketingMinistry of public work as (TSSM) in 10 regenciesimplementing agency (East Java)ADB adopts CLTS approach in theirsanitation program namely Clean ODF  500Water, Sanitation and Health (CWSH) in 20 villages 13Districts
    8. 8. The Milestone  2008• Launching on the implementation of CLTS to 10,000 villages• The Decree of the Minister of Health on the National Strategy for Community-Based Total Sanitation (STBM) was created.Five pillars of STBM, Stop OpenDefecation, Washing Hands, Household WasteManagement, Household Drinking WaterManagement, and HouseholdSewage Management. 14
    9. 9. The Milestone  2009-2010STBM is widelyimplemented. More Medium Termcommunications Development Planmaterials can be (MTDP/RPJM) 2010-2014accessed such as set theLearning Book from main objective ofCLTS sanitationActivists from development, namelyWASPOLA ODF Indonesia in 2014.Facility 15
    10. 10. The Milestone  2011STBM Guideline was STBM basedlaunched projects for urbanBy Minister of Health, areas began to be implemented by High Five, IUWASHLogo and web site were and World Visionlaunched Indonesia. The first STBM National Coordination Meeting was held in Jakarta 16
    11. 11. The Milestone  2012 Established web andSTBM Secretariat took SMS basedover by the Ministry of System for nationalHealth to strengthen monitoring ascoordination and well as strengtheningmonev (Watsan the knowledgeWorking Group and management.Plan Indonesiainitiated STBMSecretariat in 2009) STBM  6.457 villages 17
    12. 12. Strategic Plan Component 1  Create a conducive environmentPrinciple Main ActivitiesIncrease support from • Provide advocacy and dissemination ofthe government and information toother stakeholders in stakeholdersimproving hygiene and • Build the capacity ofsanitation behavior that implementing agenciesis based on community in local areas.participation and • Increase partnershipEmpowerment. among stakeholders 18
    13. 13. Strategic Plan Component 2  Demand Creation Main ActivitiesPrinciple • Increase theCreate hygienic and participation of allsanitary community stakeholders in Planningbehavior to • Raise communityachieve total sanitation awarenessthat is based on • Build the communitycommunity capacity to chooseparticipation and specific technology • Develop a rewardempowerment. system 19
    14. 14. Strategic Plan Component 3  Improve Supply Main Activities • Increase local privatePrinciple production capacityIncrease the availability • Develop partnershipof appropriate sanitation with relatedfacilities that meet the stakeholderscommunityís needs. • Develop networking with university 20
    15. 15. Strategic Plan Component 4  Knowledge Management Main Activities • Develop and managePrinciple data and informationMaintain and sharing the centers.knowledge to all • Integrate the totalstakeholders sanitation approach into educational curricula. 21
    16. 16. Strategic Plan Component 5  Financing Main ActivitiesPrinciple Encourage community self-No subsidy (except for helpcomunal facility) 22
    17. 17. Strategic Plan Component 6  monitoring and evluation Main Activities • Develop and maintain monitoring andPrinciple evaluation system in theEncourage community community level andparticipation in monev local government • Improve the community capacity in monitoring and evaluation 23
    18. 18. Lessons Learned Three Steps of STBM1 Changing paradigm/mind set 2 Internalization 3 Implementation 24
    19. 19. Lessons Learned Three Steps of STBM1 Changing paradigm/mind set • Advocacy/socialization • Seeing is believing (field trip) 25
    20. 20. Lessons Learned Three Steps of STBM2 Internalization • Establishing Local Watsan working group • Developing strategic plan, local regulation, road map 26
    21. 21. Lessons Learned Three Steps of STBM3 Implementation • Collaboration/partnership 27
    22. 22. Thank You Some part of thispresentation was quoted from Indonesia Watsan Working Group 28
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