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Alrai Pakistan - Not presented


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Up Scaling Rural Sanitation in Pakistan Post 2010 Floods

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Alrai Pakistan - Not presented

  1. 1. Up Scaling Rural Sanitation in Pakistan Post 2010 Floods Asia regional sanitation and hygiene practitioners workshop 31 January – 2 February 2012, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  2. 2. Background 48 million people defecating in the open 45% of population have access to improved sanitation (29% rural and 72% urban) Approximately 116,103 children under the age of 5 in Pakistan die each year of diarrhoea, 13 children per hour 20.25 million affected by floods in 2010 and 5.3 million in 2011, high incidence of acute diarrhea MDG target for sanitation is 64% by 2015 Pakistan Approach to Total Sanitation, PATS, promoting improved sanitation and hygiene outcomes on a total sanitation model UNICEF and Ministry of Environment agreement to initiate total sanitation as part of building back better
  3. 3. PATS: Integrated Total Sanitation Model Demand Creation Supply Side Hygiene Promotion Drainage and Interventions Interventions Interventions Wastewater Treatment Interventions• IEC Campaigns, • Creation of • IEC material on • 100 % drainage• Community sanitation marts active health and with community sensitization and supply chain hygiene key participation with through CLTS, mechanisms messages the aim to SLTS • Training of • Behaviour change minimize• Marketing of masons communication exposure to hand washing, • Construction of • Use of mass media human excreta etc. demo latrines for campaign and IEC and wastewater technical options campaigns management • Training of promoting low-cost sanitation appropriate and entrepreneurs informed sanitation • Incentivizing solutions, etc. outcomes
  4. 4. ER Programme on Scaling up of Rural SanitationProgramme Objectives• To achieve and sustain an open defecation free environment both in rural and urban areas with clear emphasis on behavior change and social mobilization to increase demand for sanitation• To safeguard and protect the health of flood affected communities from water, sanitation and hygiene related diseases by means of undertaking a series of measures: Ensuring 100 % safe management of excreta, attaining and sustaining the open defecation free status Promoting the use of safe, hygiene latrines and other sanitation facilities for men, women and children living in flood-affected areas Pursuing for improved hygiene behaviors• Phased Approach to Implementation
  5. 5. Phased Implementation Approach Stage Provinces/ Regions Districts Population to be served Households Villages1 (2010) KP, Punjab 4 700,000 100,000 3242 (2010) Punjab 2 1,090,000 155,714 9013 (2011) KP, Sindh, GB, AJK 19 2,350,000 335,714 33574 (2011) Punjab, Sindh, KP, 17 3,500,000 500,000 5000 BalochistanTotal 6 42 7,640,000 1,091,428 9,582
  6. 6. Programme Components Engagement Strategy Mapping with the Government Roll out through a Project Conducting KAP/ cascade coordination & Formative modelOrientation on researchTriggering ImplementatioPlans n Committees IEC Strategy Training Session Mass Media Campaign Training Workshops for IPsInstitutional linkages and capacity Campaigning for improved hygiene building behavior Results based PRA Manual & Tools M&E Framework Demand Mid Term/End Creation Incentives Term Interventions Roll out of Evaluations Cross M&E Cutting Framework Certification Issues Criteria Supply Side Monitoring Interventions database Best End of the Pipe Solutions Practices & KM Attaining Total Sanitation Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning
  7. 7. Programme Components
  8. 8. Key Achievements ~ 2.6 million people residing in ODF environment in over 1,200 villages; Promotion of ownership and acceptability of this program at all levels of government: federal, provincial, &district levels Successful partnership Sustainability: support to ensure availability of low cost sanitation material through creation of 36 sanitary marts, and training of 104 community entrepreneurs; 406 master trainers, 1,945 community based CRPs trained and have supported the triggering. Over 4,787 village sanitation committees formed Sanitation Marketing strategy Constructed wetlands (end of pipe treatment) in progress, three units completed
  9. 9. Lessons Learned (…along the way) Sanitation demand should be created through a multitude of options…CLTS triggering, Behavior change communications through IEC material, interpersonal channels and mass media CLTS triggering with children… mobilize them as activists and the agents of change Market for sanitation goods and services should be operative and known…meeting the increase demand for sanitation post triggering Persistent approach with the communities post attaining the ODF status….functional involvement of the LGIs, continuous support to CRPs/ Activists, introduction of sustainable and quality solutions both at household and community levels Continuous monitoring and evaluation…external monitor helps integrate the learnings in implementation process Support for community incentives….. provide encouragement Support to Village Sanitation Committees (VSCs)….cross learning, financial sustainability
  10. 10. United Nations Children’s FundPakistan Country Office90 Margala Road, F-8/2Tel:© United Nations Children’s FundPhoto © UNICEF/PAK2011/Shehzad Noorani