Now we are talking about Sanitation Sectors These are targets related with sanitation which is stated in the National Mid Term Planning 2010-2014 and implisitely stated the target on achieving MDG on 2015.
Create enabling environment:National Policy in Community Based Water and Sanitation Development (AMPL – BM )Institutional and coordination: Pokja AMPLWater and sanitation strategic plan: City Sanitation Strategy,Water & Sanitation Strategic Plan,Local government action plan on water & sanitation
Yang sudah dilakukan pemerintahCreating enabling Environment, yaitu: Advokasi dan Sosialisasi ( salah satunya 11 kebijakan AMPL BM), Fasilitasi penyusunan dokumen perencanaan strategis (Renstra AMPL, SSK, dll), peningkatan investasi, perbaikan sistem monitoring dan evaluasi.Peningkatanakses Air MinumdanSanitasi, melalui program/proyek:SANIMAS ,CWSHP, PAMSIMAS, UWSSP,DSDP,MSMHP (Metropolitan Sanitaion Management and Health Project),Solid Waste, MamminasataSolidwaste Management, Emission Reduction in Cities-Solid Waste Management.
Established a national services for supporting the advocacy, capacity building and data & information Initiated by central government, fill by local governments, use by all related stakeholders As a carrot to improve the monitoring and evaluation systems, for example: DAK allocation
School sanitation:Student is agent of change and next generation development asset.1 student could influence 1 family or more. Based on demographic projection, Proportion of children in 2020 will be 23% of the total population of Indonesia (Demography team - University of Indonesia, 1991)
Only 12.43% households in Indonesia use piped drinking water, the rest . Most of Indonesia’s households use non-piped drinking water from protected and unprotected source of water.MenjaminAkses Air Minum : adalahdenganmenjaminketerjangkauandalamlayanan air untuk mencapai tujuan sosekTujuanSosial- ekonomimeningkatnyakesejahteraanmasyarakatTujuanLingkungan : denganmeningkatkanperhatianpadamanajemenekologis yang berkelanjutandansumberdaya air, untuk menjamin kontinuitas dan kuantitas sumber air bakuTujuanKesehatanderajatkesehatanmasyarakat yang lebihbaik, dengan perbaikan kualitas air minum
Indonesia's Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Supply Toward 2015 & Beyond
Indonesia’s Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Supply Toward 2015 & Beyond Presented by; Indonesia Ministry of National Development Planning 11 September 2012
OutlineNational Water and Sanitation objectives & MDG’s Target Strategies Toward 2015 Strategies Beyond 2015
National Objective on Water and Sanitation MDGs target on water and sanitation access has been internalized in the National Mid-Term Development Plan (RPJMN). Water and sanitation has been included in national priority, on health and infrastructure. MDGs target on water and sanitation has been internalized in provincial level through Local Action Plan (RAD AMPL) and it was legalized by each governors.
Lack quality of High level of Non-drinking Revenue Waterwater /leakage High rate of population growth creates a challenging condition in improving water coverage. Challenges of Water and Sanitation Development in Indonesia Coverage in sanitation access shows a good improvement but still leaves question to the Still focused on ODF, the other quality of the component of sanitation are sanitation facilities. still not yet well-prioritized.
1. Gaining The Coordination Among The ActorsOnly on NationalNational level Public level Donor Work Professi Agency Agency onal Social Planning Health assoiati Agency Agency Agency on Water & Water & Sanitation PDAM Consult Watsan Environ ant Sanitation Project ment Working (Water Networking Agency Group Supply Agency) Pokja Home NGO Educatio AMPL Affair n Agency Universi Agency ty Provincial and district level Non - government sector Government sector More Participants + More Supporters = Rapid Transformation
National Sanitation Policy and Program Community Based Water & Sanitation 2010 – 2014 National Mid-Term Program Development Plan on Sanitation (core business and CSR) (INDII, IUWASH, WES Government Funding Specific Sanitation National and Local UNICEF, USRI, dll) Donor Iniciatives Fund (DAK) on PAMSIMAS Sanitation SANIMAS Program CWSHP Private GNBN STBM Sanitation Local Sanitation LocalDevelopment Government Synergy & investment GovernmentStrategy and Regulation on Coordination plan Capacity Plan Sanitation enabling environment can be achieved through National Acceleration Sanitation Program (PPSP)
2. Build capacity at household and community level STBM WASH in PAMSIMAS PPSP School, Sanitation Total Marketing, Denpas Water Supply and SANIMAS Community ar Sewerage Sanitation based DevelopmentSanitation Community Water Supply and Acceleration Sanitation , Projet, Metropolita Based Program Sanitation Program Community n Sanitation Collaboration funding Community Based triggering Management & Program Ensuring sanitation approach. Health from local Focusing in urban- strategic plan to be 7.325 villages Project, Mamminasgovernments, commun Sanitasi slum areas. developed and used are intervened ata Solidwaste ities, and donor agencies. in every districts. by STBM Sekolah, Hi Management, etc approach. bah Air Pamsimas Sanimas PPSP STBM Other Pamsimas Sanimas PPSP STBM Minum & projects.. Sanitasi, dll
3. Improve the quality of Water & Sanitation Monitoring SystemNational Water and Sanitation System Services NAWASIS Central Government Agreement among Local Government Data & the actors to use Information single data framework Capacity Building Consolidation and implementation of advocacy program Private Company NGO
4. Generate Alternative Water and Sanitation FinancingFacts:• Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world with a total number of 13,487 islands (Indonesian Naval Hydro-Oceanographic office).• High regional development disparity.• Government side: limitation in resources and budgeting period to spread the development and fill the distribution gap.What has been done:• Water and Sanitation Grant Program – Output-based aid that are awarded to local government through central government.• Bank loans to Drinking-water Regional Company (PDAM) • Insurance and interest Subsidy by central government through the national banking institution to develop community water supply system. (Presidential Regulation No 29 Year 2009 )• Corporate Social Rensponsibility (CSR) – MoU between Ministry of Public Work and Corporate Forum for Community Development (CFCD) to generate corporate/private sector fund in water and sanitation program.• Specific Allocation Fund (DAK). – Incentive fund to districts/cities participate in Sanitation Acceleration Program (PPSP).
1. Maintaining the efforts on Hygiene BehaviorChange and Urban Sanitation Improvement• Maintaining the acceleration momentum created by Sanitation Acceleration Program (PPSP) 2010- 2014 in the next phase of national medium term development in 2015 – 2019.• Sthrengthening the effort in hygiene behavioral change through: – Maintaining Total Community based Sanitation approach (STBM). – The implementation of School Sanitation as a synergy between education and sanitation sector.
2. Improving the synergy between the developmentof drinking-water and sanitation access QualityWater Safety Plan (WSP) Quantityoffers the best solution for Indonesia’s conditions. It links the household sanitation Affordability Continuity behavior with maintenance in water quality. Aims to achieve a water service that meets quality, quantity, continuity, affordability
3. Gaining more actors through partnership• Sanitation Training Center Partnership between universities and other relevant parties to fulfill the high demand needs on sanitation labor market (local facilitators and sanitarians).• Alliance among mayors and regents AKKOPSI is an Indonesia’s alliance among the heads of local governments who put sanitation as their local priority development. It is a horizontal learning forum to improve a high-level political actor’s commitment in sanitation.4. Policy and Financing• Policy and regulation reformation• Establishment of Innovative Financial Mechanism