Actioning Plans for Eco-City


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Eco-city is relatively recent concept. Many cities are interested to know how to go about . This presentation provides the process that was followed in the cities of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad in State of Maharashtra, India for building an Action Plan. Unfortunately, the plan got only partially implemented due to paucity of funds. The model could set however an example for other cities to follow.

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Actioning Plans for Eco-City

  1. 1. Eco-City Action PlanEco-City Action PlanforforSangli-Miraj-KupwadSangli-Miraj-Kupwadin India –in India –Demonstrating Involvement ofDemonstrating Involvement ofGovernment- Business andGovernment- Business andCommunityCommunityEnvironmental Management Centre,Mumbai, IndiaApril 28, 2013
  2. 2. Background: Eco-City in India2 The first discussions on Eco-City startedby Ministry of Environment & Forest(MoEF) in May 2000 As a part of the 10thPlan activities, Eco-City Program was initiated in the year2002 Several Eco-City program launched – insix small & medium sized towns The Eco-City program were howevernot effective with little or noimplementation of projects in place.INDIA
  3. 3. Reasons for Failure3Narrow emphasis on projects andno emphasis on the processAbsence of linkages with programs,plans and policiesPoor community engagementLack of strategic approach towardsbuilding capacities and partnerships( especially PPPs)Absence of political will
  4. 4. Sangli- Miraj-Kupwad (SMK) Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad(SMK) represents atypical medium sizedcity agglomeration Population: 0.49million (2011) SMK is in the banks ofthe Krishna River Sugar belt ofMaharashtra, India4Krishna RiverSMKINDIAMAHARASHTRA
  5. 5. Glimpses of SMK5Krishna river ghat Heritage School buildingDump site in Miraj Traffic junctionWater supplyArtisan in Miraj
  6. 6. Key Enabling Factors for Eco-City SMKPolitical will & supportCommitment of City AdministrationSupport from Maharashtra StatePollution Control BoardInterest from local community6
  7. 7. Eco-City Action Planning Process7Launch of Eco-citywebsiteLaunch of Eco-citywebsiteData Collection &AnalysisData Collection &AnalysisLaunch Workshop(Public meeting)Formation of CoreCommitteeIdentification of Issues& OpportunitiesIdentification of Issues& OpportunitiesDesign & implementationof awareness campaignDesign & implementationof awareness campaignPreparation of Eco-city CharterPreparation of Eco-city CharterPreparation of DraftAction PlanPreparation of DraftAction PlanCore CommitteeMeetingFinal Workshop(Public meeting)Approval in GeneralBody meetingFinal Eco-City ActionPlanFinal Eco-City ActionPlanStakeholderConsultationWorkshopPHASEIInputsDisclosureMobilization offinancial resourcesMobilization offinancial resources
  8. 8. Action Plan Implementation Process8Final Eco-City ActionPlanFinal Eco-City ActionPlanPHASEIIPHASEIFormation of SMK Eco-City Pvt. Ltd (SEPL)Implementation ofEco-City Action PlanImplementation ofEco-City Action PlanImplementation ofAwareness CampaignsImplementation ofAwareness CampaignsMonitoring of Eco-City Action PlanMonitoring of Eco-City Action PlanReview & Adaptationof Action planReview & Adaptationof Action plan
  9. 9. Overall Approach9
  10. 10. Multi-Stakeholder Engagement: Snapshot10AwarenessworkshopLaunchworkshopDrawing andslogancompetitionLaunch ofwebsiteAwarenesslectures incollegesPromotion ofwebsite throughstickersWorkshop onEco-cityWorkshop onEco-cityPublicMeetingExtensive FieldVisits
  11. 11. Community Engagement11Community is informed about Eco-City ActionPlanning process, objectives and expectedoutcomesIndividuals, communityrepresentatives participate inidentifying issues and opportunitiesKey stakeholdersinvolved in identifyingsolutions / interventionDecisionMaking forimplementationCommunity Participation & Stakeholder Involvement atvarious stages of the Eco-city Action Plan
  12. 12. Focus Group Discussions Mapping exercise to identify andlocate issue areas Participants: Citizens, regulators,businessmen, financiers, NGOs,research & academia Result: Identification of locations ofconcern Severity of identified issues Prioritizing issues Ongoing initiatives Possible opportunities12
  13. 13. Mapping Exercise13
  14. 14. Core Committee Core committee was formulated to Serve as a think tank for the Program Review and suggest Comprised of – elected members of SMKMC,engineers, builders, architects, activists,academia & other influential people in SMK14Core CommitteeCore CommitteeEMCEMCSMKMCSMKMCConsult and implementReview and FacilitateDevelop Action PlanInteract with Citizens, NGOs,Professional Bodies, Academicand Research InstitutesInteract with Citizens, NGOs,Professional Bodies, Academicand Research InstitutesInteract with State and CentralBodies, InternationalOrganizationsInteract with State and CentralBodies, InternationalOrganizations
  15. 15. Citizen Awareness & Participation Awareness programs – lectures in schools& colleges, drawing and slogancompetition, Stickers, launch of website,media coverage etc. Public meetings At the time of launch After preparation of Draft Plan Recommendations were incorporated inthe relevant Action Plans. New actionswere also added, such as, Truck Terminal, Haripur Nallahremediation, Participatory budget etc. 15
  16. 16. Media Coverage16
  17. 17. Eco-City Website: Eco-Voices Launch of Eco-City website Purpose: Awareness generation, Information dissemination, promotethe concept of Eco-City, share various outputs, stimulate networking17 Integrated tool on GoogleMaps to allow citizens toprovide location-specificcomments Interactive features –mapping, opinion polls &discussion groups
  18. 18. Eco-City Website: Eco-Voices18
  19. 19. Commitment to Eco-City The Charter for Eco-City Action Plan was developed which comprisedof - Vision Statement, Policy, Guiding Principles & Goals19Different Aspirations in VisioningVision Statement: The citizens of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad (SMK) will work togetherto help make their cities a clean, healthy and safe place. SMK as an emergingEco-City will grow by following the path of sustainable development wheredecisions for development will need to be inclusive and integrate economic,environmental and social considerations.
  20. 20. Commitment to Eco-City Pledge was taken by the officials as well aspublic in the public meeting“ We are committed to Clean and Green SMK Eco-City and we will strive to achieve it”. Standing Committee approved the Eco-CityAction Plan in the General Body Meeting ofthe Municipal Corporation on 7thOct 2010 Standing committee’s decision:“This meeting approves the SMK Eco-City ActionPlan and all its components.The project should be implemented withimmediate effect without any delays”.20
  21. 21. SMK Eco-City Report21
  22. 22. Thematic Approach22Composite Actions1. Environmental Awareness Centre2. Environmental Monitoring Plan3. Green School Program4. Advanced Locality Management5. Ward level Score Card6. GHG Inventorization7. EMS ISO 140018. Participatory Budget
  23. 23. Framework for Action Evolution23Policy Plan Programs ProjectsSituationAnalysisGapAssessmentBenchmarksComplianceRequirementsVisionGuidingPrinciplesInstitutionalArrangementsFinancial ResourcesCommunityParticipation
  24. 24. Highlights of Actions24Distribution of Awareness programs to support eachthemeDistribution of Actions (4P) PerspectiveDistribution of Actions under each theme
  25. 25. Illustrations forCommunity driven Actions25
  26. 26. Proposal for an Environmental Awareness andActivity Centre26Benefits Demonstrate ‘green’ building designand technology Initiate innovative outreachprograms for environmentalawareness Promote dialogue and interactionbetween the different stakeholders Provide resources Provide expert advice on greentechnology and environmental issuesEstimated CostsUS $ 0.7 millionThe Operation cost will be covered by therevenue generated within the Centre.
  27. 27. Development of Advanced Locality Management(ALM)27BenefitsIncreased sense ofresponsibility and awarenessof civic issues (e.g. wastesegregation, composting,cleanliness) among residentsReduced burden on SMKMCas ALM shares responsibility,interacts closely with wardofficer to resolve issuesExample of ALM in Mumbai, MaharashtraNeighborhood Initiative; Community Based Organization in theform of Advanced Locality Management (ALM)Supported by Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM)Number of Households: 125
  28. 28. Green School Programme (GSP)28BenefitsPhase-wise implementation covers alarge audienceMultiplier effect as students andsuccessive generations carry learningfrom GSPImpact on larger society of parents,teachers and institution staffRepository of knowledge base andresources for the neighborhoodConnect school curriculum,teaching-learning methodologies andoverall management of the schoolEstimated CostsUS $ 0.15 MillionGSP to cover 40 schools out of around 170 in theSMK area. These should include English andMarathi medium, Government aided and Private.
  29. 29. Features ofAwareness Plan29Jan Feb MarApr May JunJul Aug SepOct Nov DecInclusive of all themes andstakeholders mentioned inthe Action PlanShift from ‘EnvironmentEducation’ (EE) to‘Education for SustainableDevelopment’ (ESD)Phase-wise planning forincorporation of feedbackfrom stakeholdersBlended nature of activitiesencompassing all awarenesstechniques
  30. 30. Estimation of Cost of Various Actions30ThemeNoActions Indicative Cost( in US $)Tech.AssistCapitalCostTotal CostWater 1 Pilot Projects on Rooftop RWH 0.00 21,500 21,5002 Comprehensive Hydro-Geological Study 41,700 0.00 41,7003 Manual Preparation on RWH for SMK region 10,200 0.00 10,2004 City level Initiatives for Storm WaterManagement0.00 0.00 0.005 Door-to-door Program on Leak Repairs andRetrofits0.00 11,150 11,150SewerageandSanitation6 Insitu Biological Treatment in Nallahs in SMKMC(Sheri Nallah, Haripur Nallah and MalgaonOdha)4,500 1225,000 1229,5007 Reduction of Load on Dhulgaon STP 0.00 3155,000 3155,0008 Decentralized Waste Water Treatment andRecycling at Ambarai0.00 78,500 78,500
  31. 31. Total Cost of the Project31Sr.No.Activities/Heads Cost(in US$ million)1. Implementation of Proposed Actions (Plans,Projects & Programs)15.7Technical Assistance Required in Planning Stage:US$ 0.4 millionCapital Costs: US$15.3 million2. Conducting Awareness Programs 0.053. Company Formation: SMK Eco City Pvt. Ltd. (SEPL) 0.014. Appointment of Project Management Consultant(for 7 years)1.15Total cost 16.95
  32. 32. Distribution of Funding Requirements32Phase I Phase II Phase III0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7Funds for ProjectImplementationGrants for ProjectPlanning and ProgramsYears3 Million 7 Million 5 Million0.4 Million 0.3 Million 0.3 Million
  33. 33. Cost-Benefit Scenario• Tangibles and Intangibles for each theme• Tangibles – Revenue generated for the SMKMC Financial benefits for the people of SMK33
  34. 34. Benefits Calculated: Solid Waste34Savings up to US$ 0.75 US million every year whichamounts to US$ 5.25million $ for 7 yrs.RouteOptimizationCOLLECTION &TRANSPORTEFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTWasteInventorizationStrengtheningcollection andtransportCollection Coverage willincrease from 63.3%(existing) to 100% in thespan of 7 yrs57% savings in total costpresently spent ontransport of SWM
  35. 35. Benefits Calculated: Solid Waste35PROCESSING3RDecentralized Bio-Methanation plantsCommunity SortingCentresBan on PlasticwasteTREATMENTGuidelines & facilityfor C&D wasteInstitutionalizationof Rag pickersCDM PossibilitiesReduction in transportation cost- US$ 65,000/yrReplacement of LPG with biogas- US$ 31,000 /yrTotal Savings: US$ 96000/yrSale of recyclables- US$ 0.3million/yr.Savings from transportation costs- US$ 0.8 million/yrTotal- US$ 1.1 million/yrCDM benefits-Total : US$ 1.85million over 7 yrs.Total benefit from ‘3R’ actionsUS$ 10.5 million for 7 yrs
  36. 36. Intangible Benefits Across Themes36• Water Security• Green Jobs• Health Improvement• Improved Services• Savings in VirginResources• Reduction in GHGs• Improved Services• Resource Conservation &Development• Carbon Sink• Health Improvement• Reduction in Pollution• Reduction in GHGs• Health Improvement• HealthImprovement• ImprovedLandscape• Improved Qualityof Life• ImprovedQuality of Life• Green Jobs• Increased Awareness• Improved Services• Green Jobs• Health Improvement• Green Jobs
  37. 37. Intangible Benefits Are immense but are difficult to capture inmonetary terms A rough estimate for health benefits from variousactions – Solid waste management, better sanitation,organic fumigation, stringent norms on vehicularpollution, increased green cover, works out to beUS$16million/yr, which itself takes care of theentire investment in the Eco-City Action Plan.37
  38. 38. Estimated savings in Health Sector Government norms of medicalreimbursement per household areUS$ 325 per year. This amount getsgenerally spent If an amount of US$100 out of US $325 is saved thenthis would entail savings of US$16million( for 0.16million households in SMK) This saving will be due to improved environment, lesspollution and hence better health.
  39. 39. Concluding Observations39 Process is as important as the outcomes Community involvement should be the core of theprocess Awareness programs must be linked to actions forbetter effectiveness and sustainability Partnerships should be forged for multi-stakeholderengagement
  40. 40. Concluding Observations Efforts to be made during implementation to set up keyindicators and methodologies supported by surveys toassess the intangible benefits in monetary terms to theextent possible. Eco-City Action Plan, when developed consideringeconomic, environmental and social perspectives, leads toinvestments that pay off. The returns are through efficiencygains, conservation of resources, green jobs and benefits tohealth. Eco-city Action Plan thus leads to Green Economy anddemonstrates the Eco-Logic of an Eco-City! 40
  41. 41. 41THANK YOUPrasad