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Northern renaissance (13)
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Northern renaissance (13) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Northern Renaissance
  • 2. The Northern Renaissance Begins• 1450 - Populations of N. Europe begin to grow again post bubonic plague• Cities grew rapidly, merchants became wealthy enough to sponsor artists• England and France under monarchies (unlike Italian city-states) who also sponsored artists and writers• Northern Renaissance developed its own characteristics such as interest in realism and interest in social reform
  • 3. Artistic Ideas Spread• German painters - Albrecht Durer, traveled to Italy to study. Upon returning he produced woodcuts and engravings that emphasized realism. Prints portrayed classical myths, realistic landscapes.• Flemish painters- Flanders - artistic center of N. Europe. Jan Van Eyck - 1st great Flemish painter. Layered oil paints to create subtle colors. Paintings had realistic details, revealed personality of subject
  • 4. • Flemish continued - Pieter Bruegel the Elder portrayed large numbers of people skillfully, captured scenes from everyday life (ie weddings, dances, harvests) using rich colors, vivid details, balanced use of space.
  • 5. Northern Writers• Christian humanists - critical of Christian Church to inspire, their focus was to reform society• Desiderius Erasmus - “Praise of the Folly” most famous work, made fun of greedy merchants, pompous priests... Believed in Christianity of the heart - not of ceremonies or rules, all people should read the Bible to improve society• Thomas Moore - “Utopia” (ideal place) about imaginary land where greed, corruption, war were weeded out. Wrote in Latin, translated into many languages
  • 6. Elizabethan Age• Period when Renaissance spread to England, named after Queen Elizabeth I, well educated and talented she did much to support art and literature• William Shakespeare - most famous Elizabethan writer. Used classics as inspiration for his works, revealed deep understanding of human beings, many of his plays examining human flaws. Works include: Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo & Juliet, Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Taming of the Shrew
  • 7. Printing Press Spreads Renaissance Ideas• Chinese invent block printing, then movable type, but it was impractical for them.• Johann Gutenberg - German craftsman, improves upon Chinese method, combines with European technology creating moveable type press. Printed a complete Bible• Printing press enables production of hundreds of copies of a work quickly and cheaply
  • 8. Legacy of the Renaissance• Changes in the Arts • Techniques from classical Greece and Rome • Individuals and nature portrayed in more realistic ways • Artists created secular and religious works • Writers used vernacular language • Arts praised individual achievement
  • 9. • Changes in Society • Printing made information cheap and easy to obtain • More books = increased desire to learn and increased literacy throughout Europe • Published accounts of discoveries led to more discoveries in many areas • People more likely to understand rights from reading legal proceedings • People start to question political structures and religious practices