Unit 8 lesson 1


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Unit 8 lesson 1

  1. 1. The Renaissance When: 1300-1600 Where: Western Europe
  2. 2. What’s going on at the time?!? <ul><li>The Renaissance is a time period of change. It occurred right after the Bubonic Plague and Crusades of the Middle Ages. </li></ul><ul><li>The word Renaissance means REBIRTH. </li></ul><ul><li>People began to become more creative while simultaneously questioning the church. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ITALY <ul><li>The Renaissance began in Italy and centered around City-States such as Florence </li></ul><ul><li>These big cities were the centers of new ideas! </li></ul>
  4. 4. The arts flourished <ul><li>Merchants (business people) funded the arts. WHY? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many deaths during the Plague and the lack of people made business slow and merchants needed something to invest in… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Merchants + Money + Ideas = Renaissance </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>These merchants are called patrons. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Patron of the arts” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Medici Family in Florence supported and ruled the arts. They basically funded the beginnings of the Renaissance </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Renaissance was a time of change. HOW? <ul><li>Rediscovered old Ancient Greece and Rome. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These were called the Classics. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Humanism is the study of classical times- history, philosophy, and literature </li></ul><ul><li>Many upper-class women were educated! </li></ul><ul><li>People were angry with the Church after the Plague and the Crusades and as a result… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secular life began to develop  This separates God from everyday life. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Even Art and Writing is Changing <ul><li>New techniques like Perspective which is when 3-D representation begins. </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to the Renaissance all texts were written in LATIN </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now people began to write in in their native language (i.e. French, English, German, and Italian) this is called VERNACULAR </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. MAJOR RENAISSANCE ITALIAN ARTISTS Artist: Michelangelo ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  9. 9. Artist: Leonardo Da Vinci The Mona Lisa
  10. 10. Artist: Raphael The School of Athens
  11. 11. <ul><li>The number of literate people increased. Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1455—Johann Guttenberg invented the Printing Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First book printed—the Bible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More people had access to cheaper books  led to increased literacy rate </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Literature, Art, Ideas SPREAD… The advent of the Printing Press in 1455 allowed for the spread of ideas and literature in the form of PRINTED BOOKS! The ideas of the Renaissance spread to other parts of Europe.
  13. 13. Artist: Pieter Bruegel Peasant Wedding Art from Northern Europe http://oscarandre.files.wordpress.com/2007/02/pieter-bruegel_peasantwedding.jpg
  14. 14. Artist: Hans Holbein http://www.linesandcolors.com/images/2006-05/ambassadors_450.jpg
  15. 15. William Shakespeare http://rohrbachlibrary.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/william-shakespeare2.jpg