Managerial and workers decision making

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managerial and workers decision making models.

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Managerial and workers decision making

  1. 2. <ul><ul><li>IDENTIFYING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Course of action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ever changing factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Un clear information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good decision making is vital for good management </li></ul></ul>Types Types
  2. 4. Degrees of Outcome Predictability
  3. 5. <ul><ul><li>Ambiguity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers know which goals they wish to achieve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information about alternatives and future events is incomplete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers may have to come up with creative approaches to alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncertainity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers know which goals they wish to achieve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information about alternatives and future events is incomplete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers may have to come up with creative approaches to alternatives </li></ul></ul>Young Woman or Old Woman
  4. 6. Conditions that Affect the Possibility of Decision Failure Programmed Decisions Nonprogrammed Decisions Low High Possibility of Failure Certainty Risk Uncertainty Ambiguity
  5. 7. Know when you, as the manager, can afford to put together a team in a decision-making process, and when not <ul><ul><li>Know your personality if the decision is up to you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beware of the most common decision traps </li></ul></ul>3 Pillars of DM
  6. 8. DM models
  7. 9. Rational Administrative Political Decision Type Programmed Non-programmed Non-programmed Decision Outcome Optimal Satisfied Negotiated Degree of Objectivity High Moderate Moderate to low Summary Political model
  8. 10. Decision making process Identify and define problem Decide on a solution Evaluate alternatives Develop alternatives Establish decision criteria Weight criteria Implement the decisions Feedback and evaluation
  9. 11. Workers D M-Sharing the decision-making power with the lower ranks Objectives
  10. 12. Workers Decision Making Board level Participation Workers Participation in Management Job enlargement and job enrichment Collective bargaining Joint councils and committees Staff or works council Complete control Ownership Participation Quality circles Financial Participation TQM Empowered Teams Suggestion scheme
  11. 13. WDM
  12. 14. WDM
  13. 17. Workers Decision Making
  14. 18. Workers Decision Making
  15. 19. Workers Decision Making
  16. 20. Implications
  17. 21. Limitations

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