make profit.. grow cabbage

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make profit.. grow cabbage

  1. 2. Production & marketing of Cabbage in ooty Presented by K.Ragunath
  2. 3. INTRO……… <ul><li>Cabbage a Cole crop which is scientifically Brassica oleracea of Cruciferae family. </li></ul><ul><li>Cabbage is grown in home gardens, both on the farms and in villages, cities. </li></ul><ul><li>It thrives best in relatively cool, moist climate . </li></ul><ul><li>It is the cultivated in nilgiris also. </li></ul><ul><li>The area under cultivation is about 3,000 ha </li></ul>
  3. 4. CABBAGE FIELD
  4. 5. NURSERY <ul><li>For 1ha cultivation of cabbage the nursery area is 25cents. </li></ul><ul><li>The area needs more care and maintenance to produce more seedlings. </li></ul><ul><li>50 packets of seeds are required for 1 ha of nursery. </li></ul><ul><li>One packet weights about 8g. </li></ul><ul><li>The crop will be in nursery up to 42 to 45 days. </li></ul><ul><li>The irrigation is more important in the nursery. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>COST OF CULTIVATION IN NURSERY : - </li></ul>s.no PARICULARS UNIT QUANTITY UNIT PRICE (Rs/ha/kg/ml) Value Rs/ha 1 <ul><li>Land preparations </li></ul><ul><li>I-ploughing </li></ul><ul><li>(2A type) </li></ul><ul><li>b. II-ploughing </li></ul><ul><li>(2B type) </li></ul>Cents Cents 25 25 100.00 70.00 200.00 140.00 2 Seed Grams 400 22.50 9,000,00 3 Seed bed preparation (1A+1B) Cents 25 100+70 170.00 4 FYM Kg 375 1.50 657.00 5 Seed treatment (Borate) Kg 2.5 70.00 175.00 6 Chemicals a)insecticide (fenvel rate) b)Indofil Ml Kg 750 1.5 280.00 220.00 210.00 330.00 7 Fertlizer mixture (DAP +urea+ potash) Kg 50 175.00 175.00 8 Weeding (2B) Cents 25 70.00 140.00 9 Irrigation - - 550.00 550.00 TOTAL 11,767,00
  6. 7. Transplanting <ul><li>It includes main field preparation of 1ha. Here the seedlings are transplanted in 30/30 cm (or) 30/25 cm spacing. </li></ul><ul><li>It spacing is 30 x 30cm 25,000 seedlings are needed. </li></ul><ul><li>If spacing is 30/25cm 30,000 seedlings are required.nd then the seedlings are transplanted. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>COST OF CULTIVATION IN TRANSPLANTING :- </li></ul>S.NO Particulars Unit quantity Unit price Rshakg Value in rupees/ha 1 Main field preparation a)1 st ploughing 20(A) b)2 nd ploughing 20(B) ha ha 1 ha 1ha 100.00 70.00 2,000.00 1,400.00 2 FYM Tonnes 12.5 1500 18,750.00 3 Chemicals: a)Borate b)Fenvalrate Kg litre 25 1.5 70.00 280.00 1,750.00 420.00 4 Mixed fertilizer Kg 625 175.00 2,188.00 5 Transplanting (labour10A&20B) 30 100+70 2,400.00 Total 28,908.00
  8. 9. AFETER CARE MANAGEMENT <ul><li>After transplanting chemicals to pests and disease and growth regulator are sprayed in 8 splits. </li></ul><ul><li>The duration in mainfield is about 120 days. Manuring is done at 21st and 45th day. </li></ul><ul><li>Weeding is done at at 35th day after transplanting. </li></ul><ul><li>For hardening of heads a chemical called agromin is sprayed. </li></ul><ul><li>The field is irrigated at two days interval. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>  </li></ul>Particulars Unit Quantity Unit price Rs /ha/ml/kg Value in rupees/ha <ul><li>Chemicals – 8 splits </li></ul><ul><li>indofil-M-45 </li></ul><ul><li>kavachi </li></ul><ul><li>fenvalrate </li></ul><ul><li>tatamon </li></ul><ul><li>Spraying charge </li></ul><ul><li>(3A+6B) 8 times </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer application </li></ul><ul><li>a)I-time-21 st day </li></ul><ul><li>b)I-time 45 th </li></ul><ul><li>Labour charge </li></ul><ul><li>(10A&20B) </li></ul><ul><li>Weeding ( 25 B) </li></ul><ul><li>Hardening head </li></ul><ul><li>(agromin) </li></ul><ul><li>(2A+4B) </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul>Kg Kg Litre Litre Kg Kg kg 25 5 10 1.5 1250 1250 30 25 2.5 220.00 1,000.00 280.00 1,000.00 (100+70) 350.00 350. 00 (100+70) 70.00 400.00 5,500.00 5,000.00 2,800.00 1,500.00 5,760.00 8,750.00 8,750.00 2,400.00 1,750.00 1,340.00 1,5000.00 Total 58,550.00
  10. 11. Harvesting <ul><li>In 1 ha 80,000 heads can be harvested which may weigh about 1-1.5kg. </li></ul><ul><li>Here 115 A type labour, 1150 gunny bags twines, vehicles are required. </li></ul><ul><li>The heads should be transported from ooty to mettupalayam for whole sale. </li></ul>
  11. 13. COST OF HARVESTING : s.no Particulars Unit Quantity Unit price Value in rupees 1 2 3 4 5 Gunny bags Twines Labour charge Transporting Grading No.s Load Load 1150 115 8 8 20.00 200.00 4,000.00 1,000.00 23,000.00 2,500.00 23,000.00 28,000.00 8,000.00 Total 84,500.00
  12. 14. TOTAL COST OF CULTIVATION: s.no Particulars Value in rupees 1 2 3 4 Nursery Mainfield- transplanting Aftercare management Harvesting and transporting 11,767.00 28,908.00 58,550.00 84,500.00 Total cost of cultivation 1,83,725.00
  13. 15. Market price <ul><li>About 80,000 heads is harvested which weigh about 1,00,000 kg (or) 100 tonnes. </li></ul><ul><li>The value or price for 1 kg of cabbage may vary from Rs.3 to 4.5/kg. </li></ul><ul><li>on an average Rs. 3.50 is taken and selled the total return is Rs.3,50,000. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Market size <ul><li>market prices and quotations are allotted based on the standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Small and medium sized cabbages are preferred by custamers mostly. </li></ul><ul><li>In mettupalayam the market is very large and cabbage from Mysore is also coming here for sale. </li></ul><ul><li>It serves as one of the standard and important market in our country. </li></ul>
  15. 17. ECONOMICS <ul><li>Profit:- </li></ul><ul><li>Profit = Net return - Total investment </li></ul><ul><li>= Rs 3,50,000 – Rs 1,83,725 </li></ul><ul><li>profit = Rs 1,66,275. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit cost ratio (BCR): </li></ul><ul><li>BCR = Net return </li></ul><ul><li>______________ = 1.90 </li></ul><ul><li>Total investment </li></ul>
  16. 18. THANK YOU..

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