Community Centred Governance    in the Gulf of Mannar      PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTRE
IMPROVING GOVERNANCEExperiences of PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTRE              (1994-2012)
PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTRE                  MISSION STATEMENT“   IDENTIFY AND PROMOTE INITIATIVES THAT FACILITATE A PRO-ACTIVE ...
MANDATE... CITIZEN REPORT CARDS / OTHER RESEARCH CITIZEN ACTION SUPPORT & ADVOCACY CAPACITY BUILDING INFORMATION DISSE...
Citizen Report Cards Pioneering application in Bangalore in 1993; Repeated benchmarks –  1999, 2004 & 2012 Widening appl...
ORGANISATION STRUCTURE CMCA                       Administrator                       and Assistant                       ...
Environmental Governance   Group (EnGG) at PACThe EnGG will be a resourcecentre for promoting peoplecentered environmental...
Thematic Focus Areas   Action              Capacity           Networking        Creating          Knowledge  Research     ...
Current ProjectsEnhancing Community Centred Governance in Climate Change  Affected Coastal Areas – Gulf of Mannar Region –...
INTRODUCTION
COMMUNITY CENTRED GOVERNANCEIN GULF OF MANNAR                   Environment                    & Climate                  ...
COMMUNITY CENTRED GOVERNANCEIN GULF OF MANNARAims- To develop a tool(s) which facilitate citizen participation to  protect...
Climate Change – People Do Matter!
PROJECT AREA AT A GLANCE2 Districts – Ramanathapuram & Tuticorin117 Villages – 15 villages chosen by Stratified RandomSamp...
CLIMATE CHANGE SCORE CARD•    Climate Change Score Card is an adoption of the popular tool     “Community Score Card”•    ...
INPUT TRACKING: PRA TOOLS1.Social Map2.Resource Map3.Livelihood matrix4.Seasonality diagram5.Venn diagram6.Problem Tree7.C...
Social Map; Resource Map; Livelihood matrix;Seasonality diagram; Climate Change Matrix;Venn diagram; Problem Tree
FINDINGS FROM THE STUDY - PRA                   1960-70        1970-80       1980-1990      2004-2009          2019 Fish c...
Resource MappingTrend Analysis
CLIMATE CHANGE IN GULF OF MANNAR••Only rare livelihoods like palmyrah are resilient.   Rapidly rising temperatures• High u...
SCORE CARDIndicator                                   Score   1. Livelihood schemes      1.1 Welfare schemes         1.1.1...
GOING FORWARD FROMSCORE CARDS• Community groups came together to draft an action plan to  address the various issues that ...
THANK YOU
Community Centered Governance in the Gulf of Mannar
Community Centered Governance in the Gulf of Mannar
Community Centered Governance in the Gulf of Mannar
Community Centered Governance in the Gulf of Mannar
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Community Centered Governance in the Gulf of Mannar

566 views

Published on

A presentation by R. Suresh, Director, Public Affairs Centre, on community centered governance in the Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu. The presentation was made at a colloquium on Citizen Voices in Environmental Governance on August 23, 2012 organised by the Public Affairs Centre in Bangalore, India.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
566
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Community Centered Governance in the Gulf of Mannar

  1. 1. Community Centred Governance in the Gulf of Mannar PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTRE
  2. 2. IMPROVING GOVERNANCEExperiences of PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTRE (1994-2012)
  3. 3. PUBLIC AFFAIRS CENTRE MISSION STATEMENT“ IDENTIFY AND PROMOTE INITIATIVES THAT FACILITATE A PRO-ACTIVE ROLE BY CITIZENS TO ENHANCE THE LEVEL OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY AND PERFORMANCE”A KNOWLEDGE DRIVEN - ACTION SUPPORT ORGANIZATION
  4. 4. MANDATE... CITIZEN REPORT CARDS / OTHER RESEARCH CITIZEN ACTION SUPPORT & ADVOCACY CAPACITY BUILDING INFORMATION DISSEMINATION
  5. 5. Citizen Report Cards Pioneering application in Bangalore in 1993; Repeated benchmarks – 1999, 2004 & 2012 Widening applications – Sectoral, Rural, National, Programmatic (PDS, SSA, Health) Building capacity of partners to design & implement CRCs Innovating eLearning Modules to scale-up CRCs
  6. 6. ORGANISATION STRUCTURE CMCA Administrator and Assistant Director Internal Auditor PAF to Director Publications Communication IT Services Advisor and Media and Web Advisor OutreachPPRG PGRG ENGG CASG Programme Officers Programme Officers Programme Officers Programme OfficersProgramme Associates Programme Associates Programme Associates Programme Associates Interns Interns Interns Interns Field Manager Administration and Finance
  7. 7. Environmental Governance Group (EnGG) at PACThe EnGG will be a resourcecentre for promoting peoplecentered environmentalgovernance in India
  8. 8. Thematic Focus Areas Action Capacity Networking Creating Knowledge Research Development Policy Management Dialogue through of Environmental Platforms ‘Resource Developing Climate Change Governance actors by building Centre’ on Good Regional and to generate a Score Cards, demand for to documentImpact of Climate Governance, National experiences & Change Social Coalitions on transparency Monitoring tools, Accountability in and learnings and Environmental disseminate Community combating the Governance accountability in Centred impacts of environmental knowledge on Environmental Environment & governance best practices Impact Climate Change.Assessment Tools
  9. 9. Current ProjectsEnhancing Community Centred Governance in Climate Change Affected Coastal Areas – Gulf of Mannar Region –TNPreparation of Green Manifesto to address the issues of Coastal communities in Tamil Nadu and Building Coalition for Environmental Governance.Understanding the link between Environment, Livelihood & Governance in Wayanad, KeralaDevelopment of citizen-centric EIA for Road Monitoring ProjectResource Centre Development
  10. 10. INTRODUCTION
  11. 11. COMMUNITY CENTRED GOVERNANCEIN GULF OF MANNAR Environment & Climate Change CCSC Livelihood Governance
  12. 12. COMMUNITY CENTRED GOVERNANCEIN GULF OF MANNARAims- To develop a tool(s) which facilitate citizen participation to protect their livelihoods from climate change and other threats.- Assess the effectiveness of local environmental regulation and livelihood schemes. Identify gaps and shortcomings and constructively engage with authorities to make things better.- Develop mechanisms whereby communities can meaningfully engage with governance structures and sustainably participate in local environmental & livelihood management
  13. 13. Climate Change – People Do Matter!
  14. 14. PROJECT AREA AT A GLANCE2 Districts – Ramanathapuram & Tuticorin117 Villages – 15 villages chosen by Stratified RandomSampling techniqueMain livelihoods – Fishing, Palmyrah Tapping
  15. 15. CLIMATE CHANGE SCORE CARD• Climate Change Score Card is an adoption of the popular tool “Community Score Card”• To bridge the dialogue between communities and governments• Inputs: Scoping exercises, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) exercises, climate change analyses• Scoring: by communities based on indicators• Action plan: by livelihood community leaders/representatives• Interface Meeting: bringing together all stakeholders at the district level Knowledge Creation | Empowerment | Constructive Engagement PEER LEARNING
  16. 16. INPUT TRACKING: PRA TOOLS1.Social Map2.Resource Map3.Livelihood matrix4.Seasonality diagram5.Venn diagram6.Problem Tree7.Climate Change Matrix: changes in key climatic indicatorslike intensity & timing of rainfall, wind patterns and directions,temperature and floods and its impacts on their livelihoods asobserved by the communities are captured in this exercise.
  17. 17. Social Map; Resource Map; Livelihood matrix;Seasonality diagram; Climate Change Matrix;Venn diagram; Problem Tree
  18. 18. FINDINGS FROM THE STUDY - PRA 1960-70 1970-80 1980-1990 2004-2009 2019 Fish catch 500 kgs 500 kgs 300 kgs fish 100 kgs 20kgs of fish 50kgs of 30kgs No prawns prawns prawnsNo. of fishers 550 550 400 350 Children will look for alternatives Beach land 50mts 35 mts 15mts 5 mts - 15mtsProblems in Only natural Middlemen, Forest Forest dept., The fishersFishing disturbances Conflict department, Cross Border will be between conflicts, Problem, displaced. trawlers and Cross Border Coast guards artisnal Problem problems, fishers Sedu canal project, CMZ etcFindings from PRA conducted by PAD in Kadaladi Block, Ramanathapuram
  19. 19. Resource MappingTrend Analysis
  20. 20. CLIMATE CHANGE IN GULF OF MANNAR••Only rare livelihoods like palmyrah are resilient. Rapidly rising temperatures• High uncertainty in seasons, in predictability of weather. An interesting finding is that the number of rainy days during the palmyrah season (Mar-Sep) is reducing steadily in the region. The number is going down by roughly 0.9 rainy days per decade (99% confidence level).
  21. 21. SCORE CARDIndicator Score 1. Livelihood schemes 1.1 Welfare schemes 1.1.1 Awareness /5 1.1.2 Process /5 1.1.3 Impact /5 Overall Score / 15 1.2 Relief schemes 1.2.1 Awareness /5 1.2.2 Process /5 1.2.3 Impact /5 Overall Score / 15 1.3 Training support & Skill building 1.3.1 Awareness /5 1.3.2 Process /5 1.3.3 Impact /5 Overall Score / 15 1.4 Technology & Technical support 1.4.1 Awareness /5 1.4.2 Process /5 1.4.3 Impact /5 Overall Score / 15 2. Responsiveness of Agency / 10 3. Grievance Redressal / 10 4. Promotion of Alternate Livelihoods / 10
  22. 22. GOING FORWARD FROMSCORE CARDS• Community groups came together to draft an action plan to address the various issues that came up.• Highlights of the action plan includes issues, suggested actions, delegation of roles: Government, CBOs, CommunitiesIt is the ultimate aim of the climate change score card that allstakeholders come to a common understanding of the way forward,and share roles and responsibilities to secure livelihoods of thepeople.
  23. 23. THANK YOU

×