Integrating Environment in Local Planning in Tajikistan and AR Crimea

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  • PEI objective: policy level; enabling environment (regulatory systems, methodological base, capacity development) for systematic environment integration;
  • Each WG lead by the district environment committee representative;District WG: Drafts DDP;Presents at public hearings, Submits for approval of deputies at district level (same for jamoat)Oblast Working Group - divisions and departments of Oblast government, NGOs,Head of environment committee from environment sector: Facilitation of DDP process in districts, Development of Regional strategy with reflection of main District problems and priorities; Ministry of Economic Development and Trade – Steering committee: Checks DDP for quality, Approvesmethodology and DDPsCommittee for Environmental Protection Act as a champion to mainstream environment at the national and decentralized levels Advocates for development of environmental laws and acts and ensure their implementation The Oblast hukumat/MEDTEnsure that recommendations provided by theEnvironmental Group during the DDP elaboration process have been taken into account before the DDPs are forwarded to the Majlis of People’s Deputies for final approvalSector ministriesCreate and implement poverty-environmental objectives and monitor them National statistics officeDevelopment, refinement of poverty-environment indicatorsCollection of dataCapacity building of data collectionРабочая группа по экологии на уровне района создавалась из числа специалистов гос. Учрежденеий и предприятий, фермеров, общественных активистов, женщин, бизнес структур. Руководителем и координирующим звеном данной группы является представитель Комитета Охраны Окружающей Среды района
  • Key feature of effective mainstreamingKey sectors to address: agriculture, industry, infrastructure and social sector;Current situation: available reports and public view – questionnaires; at least 100 people per district (e.g. access to water, biodiversity, land use, adaptation to CC, etc.)Objectives: SWAT, problem tree, Улучшение состояния окружающей среды и обеспечение устойчивого управления природными ресурсами в аспекте социально экономического развития Гончинского района Indicators (process of monitoring under development):% земель с использованием органических удобрений , Количество внедренных экологически чистых и энергоэффективных технологий, % новых освоенных плодовых садов
  • Districtenv. authorities part of working groups;Trust Fund: 90% of projects recommended to address environment)First methodology did not address environment, only DRRProjects: 60 projects screened - Примеры: строительство энергоэффективных теплиц, увеличение орошаемых земель с учетом отчистки КДС, строительство лимонарника в местах повышенной радиации, сохранение Тугайных лесов и освоения новых земель путем технической поддержки Общества Охотников и Рыболовови т.д..Public participation:Пример: Дж. Расуловского района, где Зеленые Патрули, - молодежная инициативная группа школьников представили результаты проведения общественного экологического мониторинга, и 4 предложений были включены в план развития района и джамоата.
  • Integrating Environment in Local Planning in Tajikistan and AR Crimea

    1. 1. Integrating environment in local development planning: Tajikistan and AR Crimea Henrieta Martonakova UNDP Regional Centre for Europe and the CIS Inclusive Sustainable Local Development ECIS Community of Practice Meeting Bratislava, 19-20 October 2011 0Poverty and Environment Presentation
    2. 2. Tajikistan: Integrating poverty – environment (PE) nexus in District Development Programmes (DDPs; 2011-2015)Poverty and Environment Presentation
    3. 3. Poverty-environment issues in Tajikistan Land degradation Unreliable energy supply Disaster risks 97 % of agricultural lands 1 million people The country suffers on (only 7% of the territory of experience electricity average nearly 500 RT) affected by soil cuts in winter with no disasters per year, which erosion, salinization, poor heating alternative but cause widespread irrigation, and deforestation firewood, dung and coal damage to communities Access to water, and social infrastructure sanitation, irrigation, 4.8% of gross domestic Food security and income health services, income product for 70% of population generating activities Climate Change Sectors affected: water management, irrigated agriculture (consuming 94% of water), and energy (98% of the national energy is produced by the hydropower plants); floods and droughts.Poverty and Environment Presentation
    4. 4. Context for PE mainstreaming • UNDP and UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI) • On-going process of local planning improvement and institutionalization (14 pilot districts and 65 jamoats) • Leadership of the Ministry of Economy and Trade • Under structure of cross-practice Communities Programme / integrated with Rural Growth Programme (RGP) • Previous district and jamoat plans do not address environment • High awareness and interest of local authorities and other stakeholdersPoverty and Environment Presentation
    5. 5. Institutions and groups involved into Development Planning Process Working Group– consisted of Ministry of Economic Development and sub-groups for RGP and PEI consultants Trade 1. Economic sector Committee on Environment 2. Social sector Protection RT 3. Infrastructure Sector 4. Environment Sector Statistics Agency RT Structure of the Environment Initiative Group (EIG) chaired WG on Sughd Region Level by Environment Committee (4 sub-sectors) of the District - Government authorities from the departments on land, water, communal services, agriculture WG on District Level - Industrial companies (4 sub-sectors) - Heads of Farms WG on Djamoat Level - Non-profit organizations (4 sub-sectors) - Women organizations - BusinessesPoverty and Environment Presentation
    6. 6. Analytical steps of planning and integrating PE aspect Review of current situation Entry Point 1-Review of Current Situation District/Jamoat vision Entry Point 2- Objective setting and Sectoral Analysis Environmental Overview Provision of resources for development Entry Point 3- Screening and Environmental program implementation Impact Assessment Entry Point 4- Poverty- Environment Monitoring and evaluation system Indicators DDP elaboration Integrating PE nexusPoverty and Environment Presentation
    7. 7. Capacity development and consultation Poverty Environmental Mainstreaming Training Handbook for District Development Plans Elaboration + TRAINING Se m inar POVERTY – ENVIRONMENT MAINSTREAMING IN TAJIKISTANPoverty and Environment Presentation
    8. 8. Results…… (work in progress) DDP Planning Process: DDP Implementation Awareness, Capacity Development and Consultation PE fully integrated to RGP PE indicators submitted to and support to planning tested by the State Statistic Training materials Agency Series of training for planers at PE in DDP methodology Environmental sustainability all levels PE mainstreaming at early criteria applied to 60 DDPs’ Learning by doing / practical planning stage projects submitted to the Trust experience of planners PE mainstreaming fully Fund (DDPs financial integrated to planning mechanism) Around 100 people per district involved via consultations and Local environment authorities 7 PE demonstration projects public hearings actively involved designed and to be funded Video Initiation of integrating PE in PE criteria for micro-lending oblast strategy developed – to be piloted by 2 Institute for Civil Servants Micro Loan Funds (by Training to include training 7 DDPs fully integrate PE agreement) guide to curriculum 7 DDPs partially integrate PEPoverty and Environment Presentation
    9. 9. Sustainability and scaling-up (potential) • DDP methodology, with PE integration guidance, to be approved by the MEDT and used nation-wide; • PE indicators integrated in the State Statistic Agency database for M&E of DDPs • Training on PE mainstreaming to be included in the Institute for Civil Servants Training curricula • PE integrated to the Sugh ‘oblast’ development strategyPoverty and Environment Presentation
    10. 10. SEA of the Bakhchisaraysky District Development Strategy (2010-2017) Estimated trends in environment status: o Increased volume of solid domestic waste o Increased air pollution from stationary sources; o Decreased rivers’ water quality due to agriculture and household waste discharge; o Continuous destruction of the coast- SDW landfill in the town of Bakhchisaray protecting line Key sectors: waste management, tourism, water management, agriculture; Damaged coast-protecting structures near the village of Beregovoy 9Poverty and Environment Presentation
    11. 11. What is SEA? Policy Strategic Plan Environmental Assessment Programme Environmental Impact Projects Assessment o Up-streaming environmental considerations into the decision- making hierarchy o Responsibility of developer / planning authority Source: OECD. 2006. Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment: Good practice Guidance for Development Co-operation.Poverty and Environment Presentation
    12. 12. SEA Context o Ukraine – signatory to the UNECE SEA Protocol o The very first SEA application in Crimea! o On-going process of local strategic planning improvement o Leadership and support of the Crimea Ministry of Economy o Interest and active involvement of district authorities o Capacity development element o Conducted by the WG on Water and Environment and local expert group o Duration: May – December 2009; Budget: 46,000 USD 11Poverty and Environment Presentation
    13. 13. Capacity Development and Public Participation SEA scoping in working groups, Head of the Bakhchisaraysky DSA I.Umerov SEA training, Bakhchisaray, 24-25 presenting the District Development Strategy and June, 2009 SEA recommendations at public hearings in front of the local council members and the general public, Bakhchisaray, 25 November, 2009 12Poverty and Environment Presentation
    14. 14. Results Over 600 people aware of and involved in the strategic planning process, including SEA, via public hearings and expert meetings; 42 specialists trained in SEA and 54 specialists obtained practical experience in SEA application; SEA fully integrated in planning process; 80% of SEA recommendations reflected in the final Sustainable Development Strategy for Bakhchisaraysky District Environment integrated in the strategies of 3 other districts National conference on Crimea strategic planning calls for applying SEA to become automatically part of local planning; 13Poverty and Environment Presentation
    15. 15. Conclusions • Openness to complexity necessary at both country and UNDP level • Clear justification and articulation of goals • Integration with planning process – at its early stage • Iterative and customized to the context • Political will and interest needed (‘champions’) • Multidisciplinary consultations • Participatory • Focus on environment constrains and opportunities • Transparent 14Poverty and Environment Presentation
    16. 16. Materials to share PEI Tajikistan: - district planning methodology + PE mainstreaming guide; - PE training materials (handbook and ppt) - set of PE indicators - Environmental screening criteria - Questionnaire on environmental situation in the region - Demonstration projects SEA in Crimea - Bakhchisaraysky District Development Strategy - SEA Report • Video: English: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSF3beGCQTA Russian: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pL_cDQPlF1APoverty and Environment Presentation
    17. 17. THANK YOU!  For more information: henrieta.martonakova@undp.org http://www.unpei.org http://www.unece.org/env/sea/eecca_capacity.htmlPoverty and Environment Presentation

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