Learning and the Brain in the 21st Century Laura Phelps2012 RSU1 Summer Tech Institute
What are the essential skills & habits of mind that students need for the future? • What will the world look like in 20 years? • What skills will kids need to be successful in that world? • What were/are the conditions around your peak learning experiences? • What would learning look like if it was designed around the answers to those questions?
The Partnership for 21st Century SkillsP21 Framework Deﬁnitions
When we ask kids how they want to learn, they say (in this order):1. In groups2. With friends3. Doing practical things4. Using computers/mobile devices -Charles Fadel (http://www21stcenturyskillsbook.com/)
How do our students learn today? • Use the web for extending and building relationships • Self-directed learning that incorporates self-expression • Instant gratiﬁcation and constant connection • Multi-tasking in a multimedia world
A word about multi-tasking...Brain research shows that there is a differencebetween multi-tasking and task shifting. Image from http://kilroycafe.blogspot.com/2012/01/problem-with-multitasking.htmlRead “Mastering Multitasking” by Urs Gasser and John Palfrey (handout)
So, what are the key skills of the 21st century?
Creativity Off-Shore-able• 22-29% of U.S. jobs are off-shoreable, including high-paying, high skill jobs. http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6012.html• 65% of today’s grade-school children may work in jobs not yet invented. http://www.RADTeach.com
Check out Shelley Carson’s work: http://www.shelleycarson.com
So... what does all of this mean for us?Larry Rosen, author of Rewired: Understanding theiGeneration and How they Learn has some relevantrecommendations.
#1: Allow creativity & multiple modalities • Present in many modalities - this is a multimedia generation. • Do not require students to unitask. • Support students in their preference for a multimedia environment. • Keep lessons snappy.
#2: Allow content creation• Let students create products in multiple mediums.• Allow projects to merge art, music, text and technology.
#3: Allow social interaction• Create projects that are done through online collaboration (there are dozens of possibilities - think Google apps, Prezi, blogs, wikis, etc.).• Provide a classroom social networking platform (like Edmodo) for students to discuss various topics and to develop/practice online etiquette.
#4: Allow formal and informal writing • Blogs are an amazing tool for both individual and collaborative writing. • “Translate” writing from text-isms to formal writing and vice versa; make the difference between the two explicit.
#5: Provide tons of feedback• This generation thrives on feedback... Web 2.0 tools provide a plethora of opportunities for this.
#6: Teach media literacy• Students may be savvy about how to use technological tools, but that doesn’t mean they don’t need instruction about how to: • determine what sources are trustworthy • analyze, ﬁlter, synthesize • use information ethically
What now?You’re psyched, ready to embrace 21st centurylearning! Where to begin?These are some of my favorite “go to” resources: Free Technology for Teachers Classroom 2.0 The Super Book of Web Tools for Educators
What year are we preparing our students for?The past? Or...
Thank you for coming! I appreciate any feedback you might have about this session. Please don’t hesitate to be in touch with me (firstname.lastname@example.org) with your questions and/or thoughts!