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Digital Natives vs Digital immigrants

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Digital Natives vs Digital immigrants

  1. 1. Digital Natives, Digital Inmigrants by Marc Prensky
  2. 2. New students N – Gen D – Gen Digital Natives “Native Speakers” of the digital language of computer, video games and the Internet.
  3. 3. Generations that grow up with new technologyComputers Video games Video camsDigital Music players Cell phonesComputer games Email The Internet Tools of the digital age
  4. 4. Today´s students are notlonger the people oureducational system wasdesigned to teach.
  5. 5. Digital technology Big discontinuity Singularity Radical changes
  6. 6. Digital InmigrantsPeople who were not born into the digital world, but who are fascinated by it and who have adopted some / most aspects the new technology.
  7. 7. A distinction their “accent” They always retain their “digital inmigrant accent” because they are learning a new language later inlife which goes into a different part ofthe brain.
  8. 8. Examples• Digital Natives • Digital immigrants• Turn to the Internet • Turn to the Internet for information in the in the second place first place • Read the manual for• A program teaches a program them how to use it • Print their emails or by using it have it print• Read emails on the • Print documents screen edit them in them• Edit documents on • Take people the screen physically to see• Send people a URL together an interesting website
  9. 9. Problem in educactionDigital immigrant instructors, whospeak the outdated language ofthe pre- digital age, are strugglingto teach a population that speaksan entirely ew language.
  10. 10. Digital Natives Think and process information differently from their predecessors Their thinking patterns ( and probably their brains ) have changed
  11. 11. Digital Natives- Receive information really fast- Prefer graphics before texts- Function best when networked- Prefer games to “serious” work- Have little patience for lectures,step-by-step logic- Have a library on their laptops- Used to the instantaneity of hypertext- Use instant messaging
  12. 12. Digital Inmigrants:tend to have littleappreciation for these newskills.
  13. 13. To confront this issue: It is necessary to reconsiderMethodology and Content In learning
  14. 14. Methodology Today´s teachers have to learn to communicate in the language and style of their students
  15. 15. Content Two kinds “Legacy” content “Future” content
  16. 16. “Legacy” content The “traditional” curriculum: reading, writing, arithmetic, logical thinking
  17. 17. “Future” content = Digital / technological content Software, hardware, robotics, genomics, etc PLUS ethics, politics, sociology, languages, etc
  18. 18. The result: “learning new stuff” and“learning new ways to do with old stuff”
  19. 19. Adapt materials to the language of Digital NativesEffortisneeded Invent Digital Native methodologies for all subjects, at all levels

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