Pluralism is (Ryan and Goldberg, 2004, p. 143).
Diversity A range of different things (in this case, religions) Pluralism Acceptance or acknowledgment of different religions Culture the behaviours and beliefs or characteristic of a particular social, ethnic or religious group Multiculturalism The idea that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country Religious State Religion controls the governmentActive State Religions State supports religion while maintaining a level of independence Nation State Independent state inhabited mainly by people sharing common culture Nationalism Refers to sense of ideology, form of culture, or social movement focussed on the nation Fundamentalism A belief in, and strict adherence to, a set of religious principles; often a reaction to perceived compromises with modern social and political life Secularisation The process by which a society moves from close identification with religious institutions to a more separated relationship.
30 Australian Religious Affiliations 1996/200125 What observations/conclusions20 can we draw from this graph?15 1996 % 2001 %10 5 0
Discuss: In relation to Australia: 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 Anglican Baptist CatholicChurches of ChristJehovahs Witness Lutheran Orthodox Pentecostal Presbyterian and… Salvation Army Uniting Church Other Christian Buddhism Hinduism Islam Judaism Other Religion No religion not stated 2001 % 1996 %
Aboriginal groups lived together forthousands of years despite their differences.