Open Data in Japan September 2012 Open Knowledge Foundation Japan http://okfn.jp/
2012 as starting year of Open Data in JapanEU 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ● ● ● ● ● ● EU directive on INSPIRE Malmo European European Open Revision of PSI PSI reuse Directive declaration Digital Agenda Data Strategy directive UK Re-use of PSI OPSI data.gov.uk Transparency Open Government Regulations principle Licence Transparency Agenda France Etalab Circular for PSI Prime Minister’s provision speech President’s Open data.gouv.fr speech Licence Germany (Berlin) Roundtable, Berlin Open daten.berlin.de Needs survey Data Day Open data Agenda Japan ? New ICT strategy e-Government - Promotion of Open Data Open Government e-Gov TF Strategy出典：高木聡一郎「欧州におけるオープンデータ政策の現状」
IT governance structure in Japanese Government IT Strategic Headquarters Adoption of “e-Gov Open Data CIO Chief：Prime Minister Strategy” (July, 2012) Member：Ministers, Experts CIO office Proposals for “e-Gov Open Data Strategy” (June, 2012) Planning Committe Chief: Minister e-Government Task Force Member: Experts Ministry-CIO Communication group Vice Ministry-CIO Communication group 20120910出典：庄司昌彦「電子行政オープンデータ戦略に関する提言の概要と検討」 Ministries
Prime Minister Noda on Open Data “e-Gov Open Data Strategy is very important in terms of enhancing transparency and trust of government, and economic revitalization by creating new market. Based on the strategy, I hope agencies disclose public datahttp://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/noda/actions/201207/04it.html proactively, and explore practical means to promote its reuse.”
Summary of the e-Government Open Data Strategy (Draft) Doc. 2-1In accordance with the New Strategy in Information and Communications Technology (IT) and the Basic Policy on the Promotionof e-Government, an e-Government Open Data Strategy was adopted as a strategy for intensive implementation of measures topromote the use of public data.◆ Significance and Objectives of the Strategy(1) Enhance transparency and confidence → Raise the transparency of government and build confidence in government by the public.(2) Promote public participation and public-and private-sector collaboration → Rapidly and efficiently provide public services that make useof creative innovations and respond to the diversification of needs and values.(3) Economic stimulus and higher government efficiency → Provide stimulus to the entire economy of Japan and increase the efficiency of andadvance operations by the national and local governments.◆ Basic DirectionFundamental Principles (1) Government shall actively release public data. (2) Public data shall be released in machine-readable formats. (3) The use of public information shall be encouraged whether for commercial or non-commercial purposes. (4) Specific measures shall be taken such as the prompt disclosure of public data that can be released and results shall be steadily accumulated.◆ Specific Measures FY 2012: Immediately implement the following measures 1. Promote the use of public data (promote collaboration with the private sector concerning the use of public data and implement trial programs) [Cabinet Secretariat, MIC, METI] (1) Identify public data use needs, (2) Organize issues relating to data provision methods, (3) Develop public services 2. Develop environments for public data use (develop environments for the use of public data based on the results of the trial programs) [Cabinet Secretary, relevant ministries] (1) Create necessary rules (copyright handling rules, etc.), (2) Develop data catalogs, (3) Promotes standardization of data formats and structures, (4) Investigate support to provider agencies FY 2013 and later: Continue and expand various measures based on a roadmap [Cabinet Secretariat, relevant ministries]◆ Implementation StructuresCreation of Implementation Structures and Systems: The Cabinet Secretariat will promptly establish a conference of working-level personnelfrom the public and private sectors as the body for implementing open data policies [Cabinet Secretariat, MIC, METI, relevant ministries] (1) Investigate fundamental matters including the development of environments for the use of public data; (2) Investigate policies to be implemented in the future and adoption of a roadmap; (3) Review and follow-up on policies.Electronic Provision Guidelines: Introduce follow-up systems and review the scope and content of provided information and methods of provisionbased on the results of the specific policies and user requests [Cabinet Secretariat, MIC]
Current structure of promoting open data in Japan e-Gov Open Data Strategy Cabinet office MIC METI Information flow and Government CIO DATA METI Vision linkage platform project Practitioner’s Open data flow Intelligent committee platform DB promotion consortium Platform for providing Data governance assistance programs committeePublic NIEM Technical committee Promotion of reuse Idea contest committee IT fusion forum Public data WG Open Knowledge Open Data InnovationPrivate Foundation Japan Council
Where Does My Money Go? in Yokohama出典：庄司昌彦「電子行政オープンデータ戦略に関する提言の概要と検討」 20120910 http://spending.jp/ 7
Tokyo Amesh • Bureau of Sewerage, Tokyo Metropolitan Government – Integrate radar, rain sensors – 250m×250m mesh in metropolitan area – 8 scale grade of rain every 5 minutes • Various application and viewers are created – Notify to twitter – Amesh for kindle – Amesh for iPhone – Amesh for Android http://tokyo-ame.jwa.or.jp/ 20120910 8出典：庄司昌彦「電子行政オープンデータ戦略に関する提言の概要と検討」
Data City Sabae • Public Washroom（XML） Title Web Application Contest http://www.city.sabae.fukui.jp/pageview.html • Place of 100 beautiful site（XML） ?id=11452 • Place of evacuation place（XML） Organizer Sabae city, Fukui Prefecture • AED information（ＸＭＬ） Outline Purpose • Public facilities（ＸＭＬ） Collect Web applications associated with Sabae city. Ex. Smartphone apps. • Public WiFi（ＸＭＬ） Awarded applications will be provided by • Sabae 100 questions（ＸＭＬ） public LAN environment to promote R&D and PR of the city. • Population, temperature（ＸＭＬ） Detail • Sightseeing information（ＸＭＬ） Web applications or plans which lead to • RSS of official HP promotion of the city and vitalization of shopping street. • Ustreaming of city assembly System requirement Apps should work on smartphones and tablet. Period 2012.1.5-2012.3.30 20120910 9出典：庄司昌彦「電子行政オープンデータ戦略に関する提言の概要と検討」
Recovery assistance program DB (METI) • Integrate assistance program across all national agencies • Provide API for developers • Hackathon with “Hack for Japan” • Revision of API recommendation from Hack for Japan
GLOCOM Open data Ideathon/Hackathon • Dates： – 2012.6.9 Ideathon – 2012.6.30-7.1 Hackathon – Venue: GLOCOM, IUJ (Tokyo) • Participants:30 • Results – Combination of Ideathon + hackathon – Future center-style Ideathon – 7 prototypes • Where does my money go? • Recovery meter • CKAN Japanization • Green Map • Social map which can be made by children • Local Wiki Japanization • Menter Bank 20120910 11出典：庄司昌彦「電子行政オープンデータ戦略に関する提言の概要と検討」
Issues & Challenges• Which data should be opened? – The strategy does not cover local government, but some of the valuable data is held by local government.• Who should be involved? – Engineers, entrepreneurs, big companies, etc.• Governance – Decentralized across several agencies in Japan• OGP – Is there a benefit for Japan to join OGP?
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