Big Data innovation in Japan’s energy industry - EBA Fieldwork 2015
Big Data innovation in Japan’s energy industry
Deputy Chairman of Smart House and Building Committee,
Japan Smart Community Alliance, Japan
Fellow, ECHONET Consortium
To be an ice breaker
• What is big data innovation?
– Google has gathered a lot of personal data by providing
with many free services, e.g. G mail and Google Doc
– Why google can do that?
• Big data innovation has 6 components:
4. “Platform” to ease application service development
5. Application development
Evidence Based Approach
ASEAN EBA Leader
with Resilience, Innovation and Sustainability
Power PlantWind Power
Heat Pump Water Heater
Dryer/Washer Dish Washer
Home Area Network
Smart HouseSmart House
“Internet of Things”
New Energy System
EV as a part of
EV as a part of
80% charge in 30 minutes
Redesigning the management of community systems and creating a new lifestyle
Smart Community showcases in Japan
G to G collaboration to implement Community Cloud
• Bandung city,
Indonesia and JSCA,
the industry and
government liaison to
overseas, have signed
LOI to drive research
Support and Cooperation
Home Electronics Industry
Heavy Electric Industry
Total 350 companies and associations
Japan Smart Community Alliance [JSCA]
Smart House and Building Committee
JSCA, government–industry liaison, has addressed DSM
What happened in Japan’s electric industry?
• Japan lost electric supply due to a big earthquake
in Mar 2011. That was 30% nation wide supply.
– 30% power supply was generated by nuclear. After
Fukushima, it has become zero.
What are Japan’s options?
1. Restart nuclear power plant
2. Increase coal and gasoline turbine
3. Increase returnable energy
4. Develop demand side management system
5. Open electric utility market to a new entry
• Now, Japanese electric market is under regional monopoly.
In many countries, this market is state owned.
Business requirements of PPS demand supply balancing rules
transmission network of
electric power company
Supply side x m
Demand side x n
Generated power Electricity Demand
Power plant for
(Japan Electric Power Exchange)
Demand supply balancing rules
・ Due to Japanʼs regulation, the volume between demand and supply must be balanced
within ±3% every 30 minutes in each region of electric power companies.
・ optimal scheduling of power plant operation based on demand forecast.
・ real time control based on monitoring data of power plant and customers.
Reference: Electricity Business environment
JAPAN’S CURRENT ELECTRICITY MARKET
Source: The Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan Source: Electric Power System Council of Japan
MAP OF JAPAN’S ELECTRIC UTILITIES
BY SERVICE AREA
PEAK DEMAND IN EACH SERVICE TERRITORY AND
INTER-UTILITY TRANSMISSION CAPACITY, FY2013
JAPAN 10 REGIONAL UTILITIES’ GENERATION MIX
Thermal Nuclear Hydro Renewables
LNG Nuclear Coal Oil
Note: Excludes purchased electricity
Source: Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan, Bloomberg New Energy
JAPAN REGIONAL UTILITIES
GENERATION MIX, TWh
JAPAN POWER UTILITIES THERMAL AND
NUCLEAR GENERATION BY FUEL, TWh
Electric Consumption Ratio (2:PM)
HE Cooking Machine＋
Electric Consumption in Japanese house
Two methods enables saving energy: SSM and DSM
Supply Side Management VS Demand Side Management
Deliver efficiency on energy usage to Demand Side
Connect multiple and different devices by IP network
Integrate it as one system・・HEMS, BEMS, CEMS、e.t.c
Develop a new business model・・Aggregator, PPS, e.t.c.
Demand for Energy Management System
Control of Demand - Energy Conservation, Demand Response
Simultaneous optimization on both demand and supply sides minimizing cost and maximizing social
Switch from “Megawatts” to “Combining Negawatts with Megawatts” by introducing “Demand Response
Conventional Planning Alternative Methods
Saving from DR
New business model: Aggregator who integrates smart houses
Commercial-scale Utility Customers
BEMS is in business so that every user has big demand
Small and Medium-sized
Low Voltage Consumers
〔Number of Meters〕
About 180 GW
○ In the layers such as “Small and Medium-sized Enterprise” and “Low Voltage Consumer”, every
demand and consumption is small
○ Thus, aggregation is important to make scalable till the appropriate size for commercialization
Energy Management Service
ECHONET Lite interface as open standard
ECHONET Lite Communication
Lower Communication Block
IP AddressMAC Address or
• Specifies OSI Layer 5 - 7
• Communication Address is
“MAC Address” or “IP Address”.
• IP based, Media Free, and IEC Standard
– ECHONET Lite is IP based interface and interoperable to any standardized medias.
• Open Standard
– ECHONET-Lite, owned by ECHONET Consortium, has become open interface since on Dec 21, 2011.
ECHONET-Lite is recommended as the standard interface for connecting appliances and smart meter.
Communication protocol between HEMS and devices should be based on IP.
“ECHONET Lite” [IEC Standard] enables the internet of things
ECHONET-Lite, IEC standard interface, has become open standard since
Dec 2011. ECHNET Lite has provided 100 devices with network access,
included home appliances, power meter, EV, and PV.
Toshiba, Panasonic, Nissan,
Tokyo Electric, etc.
CEMS, HEMS, BEMS, PV（27MW）
4,000 Smart Houses, 2,000 EVs
Use of heat and unused energy
Toyota Motor, Sharp, Chubu Electric, etc.
CEMS, Demand response
260 Smart House
3,100 EVs/PHEVs deployment. V2H, V2G
Use of heat and unused energy as well as
Fuji Electric, IBM, NTT,
Nippon Steel, etc.
CEMS, HEMS, BEMS and main grid system.
Real-time management in 70 companies and
200 Smart Houses
Kyoto Keihanna District
Mitsubishi Group, Omron, Kansai Electric, etc.
CEMS, Battery Management
Smart House: Visualizing energy consumption
and controlling home electronics energy usage.
Smart Community “Pilot Projects” in Japan
For your information
• Download free Bloomberg white paper to know
ongoing Japanese electric market reform
• Contact me, firstname.lastname@example.org