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Freud instinctspresentation

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  • 1. Freud Question: Instincts Maia Szulik
  • 2. http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=7Q-m4lXNL2k • Beginning-1:45 • Interpreting human behavior by looking at instincts • What makes us human? • Truth lies within us – deep down beneath the surface
  • 3. Criteria for a behavior to be an instinct: ―a)be automatic, b)be irresistible, c) occur at some point in development, d) be triggered by some event in the environment, e)occur in every member of the species, f)be unmodifiable, and g)govern behavior for which the organism needs no training‖
  • 4. Freud’s Definition • ―instincts-- which represent bodily demands on the mind-- were the fundamental cause of much of human behavior‖ (297) • Ideal Society= ―might force individuals to subordinate instinctual drives to analysis and thoughtful reflection‖ (297 ) • Conflict between individual & society: ―between the force of instinctual drives and demands that individuals make of themselves as social beings‖ (299)
  • 5. Evolutionary Psychology • Evolving instinctual drives • ―It is only by regulating and indeed suppressing the instincts of the individual…that civilization can occur‖ • ―Freud supposes that human evolution resulted in the formation of family units and that the members of the family unit helped one another‖ • ―The family and society attempt to socialize the individual in such a manner that the instincts will be sublimated or frustrated‖
  • 6. Biogenetic Structuralism • Not all information we absorb is ―processed‖ • Brain does not mirror or construct reality • We think with our entire body! (not just brain) • Instincts= inherent structures in nervous system? o ―every thought, every image, every feeling and action is demonstrably mediated by the human brain.‖
  • 7. Epistemology: Materialism & Idealism • ―If instincts are a part of our natural inheritance, then anything for which we have an instinctual desire must necessarily exist outside of us — otherwise, it would never have survived being passed down‖ o Criteria of truth within us (through instincts) • Materialism (pre-modern) o o o o o Brain mirrors reality I see what is there… Only what is physical/material is real Simplest epistemology Reality is reflected in brain o o o o More complex Interpreting what we see We each have unique reality Reality is constructed in brain • Idealism
  • 8. Citations • • • • • • • • Class Notes Ashley, David, and David Michael. Orenstein. Sociological Theory : Classical Statements. Boston [etc.: Allyn & Bacon, 1990. Print. MacDonald, Kevin. "Civilization and Its Discontents Revisited: Freud as an Evolutionary Biologist." (1986): 307-18. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. Steven Pinker: Human Nature and the Blank Slate. Perf. Steven Pinker. TED: Ideas worth Spreading. TED Conferences, LLC, Sept. 2008. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.ted.com/talks/steven_pinker_chalks_it_up_to_the_blank_slat e.html>. Cline, Austin. "Truth as Emotions, Intuition, & Instinct." About.com Agnosticism / Atheism. About.com, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://atheism.about.com/od/philosophyepistemology/a/CriteriaEmotio n.htm>. Laughlin, C.D. (1997). The Cycle of Meaning: Some Methodological Implications of Biogenetic Structural Theory. In S. Glazier (Ed.), Anthropology of Religion: Handbook of Theory and Method. Greenwood Press, pp. 471-488. "Instinct." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instinct>. Human Instincts - BBC Documentary. Perf. Robert Winston. 2002. Documentary. YouTube. YouTube, 25 Feb. 2012. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Q-m4lXNL2k>.