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Inca powerpoint presentation 26

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Inca Presentation

Inca Presentation

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  • 1. The Inca Empire
  • 2. They lived in the Andes Mountains in South America. They lived from 1400’s C.E. until 1532 when the Incas were conquered by the Spanish.
  • 3. Inca Messengers • The Inca Empire covered 2,500 miles. • Used runners called chaquis to give messages to people in different places. • Would travel up to 250 miles a day! • When you were running, you would find another messenger who would give you a string with knots in it. – Knots helped you to remember numbers, and messages. • Incas had no writing system, so these messages helped them keep track of important records
  • 4. Where did the Civilization come from? • Influenced by the Moche and Chimu civilizations of Peru • These ancient people built great cities, roads, and developed the message system
  • 5. Legend of the Incas • Capital city is called Cuzco. It is in the valley of Peru. • It is believed that the Incans came from the Sun God Inti • He commanded his son to rise out of Lake Titicaca. His son then became the ruler of the Incas.
  • 6. Empire ExpandsEmpire Expands • Although the empire expanded, and the Incas conquered more land, they were attacked by the Chancas. (Neighboring tribe) • Another legend says that the stones on the earth turned to warriors, and this was how the Incas were able to defeat their attackers.
  • 7. Social Classes • TOP =EMPEROR – Named Sapa Inca, was god-like – Sat upon a gold litter, and was carried by servants – Against the law to look him in the eyes • MIDDLE=NOBLES – Helped run government – Controlled land, resources, taxes • BOTTOM=FARMERS – Majority of society – Farmed, built roads
  • 8. Family Life • Families belonged to ayllus (groups) they lived with • Worked within a communal land of area where they produced crops • Each family member had different responsibilities – Some dug ditches, others planted • WORKED AS A UNIT!
  • 9. Young People• If you were a commoner, you had no formal education, instead you learned skills. • If you were rich, you had a tutor who taught you religion, geometry, public speaking, and physical education! • At 15, boys went through a rite of passage. They wore loincloths and had to pass month long tests of courage. Once they had proven themselves, they became warriors.
  • 10. Religious Beliefs • Believed spirits lived in sacred objects and places. (Huacas: temples, charms, nature, tombs) • Had many priests to perform religious ceremonies • Rarely sacrificed humans (Only on sacred occasions or during natural disasters.) • Sacrificed children because their blood was believed to be pure
  • 11. Relations with Other People • Incas did not always resort to war when they encountered other groups of people in their expanding empire. They tried to meet with the tribe. • They tried to compromise, and if the group did not want to be part of the empire, then war was declared. • It was believed that the Incas tried to conquer so much land because they believed their leaders would rule the area in the afterlife.

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