10   alcohol abuse
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10   alcohol abuse 10 alcohol abuse Presentation Transcript

  • HUMAN MEDICAL SCHOOL
  • INTRODUCTION It’s not always easy to see when your drinking has crossed the line from moderate or social use to problem drinking. But if you consume alcohol to cope with difficulties or to avoid feeling bad, you’re in potentially dangerous territory.
  • Alcohol abuse is a psychiatric diagnosis describing the recurringuse of alcoholic beverages negative consequences.
  • Alcohol is a psychoactive substance or drug. whose excessive consumption can damage to the body basically the nervous system or liver
  • Alcohol abuse differs from alcoholism in that it does not include the desire or compulsion to drink alcohol loss of control or physical dependence.
  • Somebody that abuse alcohol But others are people who drink large amounts of alcohol drink every day only in certain momentsAnd other, drinking heavily for weeks or months
  • Alcohol abuse is defined as a pattern of drinking that is accompanied by one or more of the following conditions over a period of 12 months:Failure to comply with workresponsibilities, college or home;
  • Drinking alcohol while you are physically dangerous activities such as operating machinery or driving a car arrested for Driving under the influence of alcohol
  • by physically hurting someone while intoxicated (drunk). Continuing to drink despite struggling constantly to interact with other people
  • There is no known cause. But there are factors that may play a role in its development.It is more likely the unleashing of a alcoholismin persons with some alcoholic family.
  • The need for relief for anxiety. Low self-esteem.Conflicts in personal relationships
  • The social acceptance of alcohol consumption. Social factors Lifestyles of stress.Ease of use of alcohol.
  • Other factors …Can be found inbiochemical or geneticabnormalities.
  • People suffering from alcoholism often: continue to drink, but are affected health, work or family They become violent when they drink.
  • Memory lapses (gaps) after binge drinking.Shiver in the morning or after periods without adrink. They do not care or are ignorant of how they are dressed or if they are clean
  • They can not control their drinking: are unable to stop or reducealcohol consumption. drinking alone Enfermedades relacionadas con elalcohol, como hepatopatía alcohólica
  • The following questions are used by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to assess alcohol abuse and dependenceDo you ever drive when you have beendrinking?
  • Do you have to drink more than before to get drunk or feel the desired effect?Do you ever missed work or lost ajob because of drinking? Is there someone in your family worried about your drinking?
  • Put the entire consumption of alcohol is the ideal goal of treatment. This is called abstinence.A strong social network and familysupport are important in achieving this.
  • Many people with alcohol problems do not recognize when their drinking gets out of hand.The ideal method of treatment is to helppeople to realize how much damage he isdoing alcohol to his life and the lives of thosearound them.
  • Alcohol withdrawal is best done in acontrolled, supervised setting in whichmedications relieve symptoms. Complications from withdrawal can be fatal. The doctor should order blood and urine tests tocheck for health problems that are common inpeople who abuse alcohol.
  • Recovery programs or support can helpyou stop drinking entirely. These programs usually offer: • Counseling and therapy to address alcoholism and its effects and how to control your thoughts and behaviors. • Mental health support. • Care.
  • Sometimes medications are prescribed toprevent relapses. • The acomprosato is a drug that has been shown to reduce relapse rates in those who are alcohol dependent. • Naltrexone (Vivitrol) decreases the craving for alcohol and is available as an injection. You can not take these medications if you are pregnant or have certain diseases.
  • Often, you need long-term treatment with counseling or support groups. Depression or other anxiety disorders ormood can manifest once you are no longertaking alcohol and should be treatedpromptly.
  • Support groups areavailable to helppeople who aredealing withalcoholism.
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a self-help group of recovering alcoholics that offers emotional support and specific steps for people recovering from alcohol dependence.Alcoholics Anonymous offers help 24hours a day and shows that it is possibleto participate in social activities withoutdrinking.
  • What is AL-ANON? Family Groups Al-Anon is a community resource that provides assistance to people affected by the compulsive drinking of another. The only requirement for membership is being or be affected by the compulsive drinking of another.
  • What is Alateen? Alateen is part of Al-Anon. It consists of the youngest members, aged 12 to 20 years, whose lives have been or are being affected by the compulsive drinking of another.
  • • Alcoholism is a major problem at the social, economic and public health. The drinking problem can affect every part of a persons life.
  • Causing risks to alcoholism • relationship between excessive alcohol intake and malnutrition in patients with• Incidence of head and neck cancer. malnutrition in • malnutrition alcoholic intake • nutrition function. • malnutrition • nutrition
  • • Incidence of tumor recurrence according to alcohol intake. • IMPACT ON THE HOSPITAL STAY OF THE PRIMARY TUMOR • p<0.05 • TUMOR RECURRENCE NO RECURRENCE.
  • • Individuals who drink heavily are at greater risk of dying by the immunosuppressive effects of alcohol, which are enhanced by malnutrition- and systemic disorders related to alcohol. In cancer patients, alcohol increases the incidence of cancer and co-morbidity. • desnutrition immunological promoting factor? • Overall mortality.
  • • DALY global percentages attributed to the 19 most important risk factors, by income group.
  • • severe brain damage and addiction • severe brain damage and addiction•• harmful harmful • • blurred vision blurred vision effects effects • slurred speech • slurred speech • bleeding throat • bleeding throat • • breathing may stop breathing may stop • heart disease irregular heart beat. • heart disease irregular heart beat. stomach ulcers stomach ulcers liver disease liver failure. liver disease liver failure. muscle weakness muscle weakness Intestinal cancer. Intestinal cancer. Intestinal ulcers Intestinal ulcers Impotence and infertility Impotence and infertility osteoporosis osteoporosis
  • LONG TERM (chronic).• Hipert and arterial nsión• Alterations of the dream Gastritis CHD risk by sex.• Aggressiveness gastroduodenal Ulcer Relative risk.• Depression• Hepática cirrhosis• Disfunciones sexual• Cardiopathies• Cognitivo deterioration• Encefalopatías• Dementia• Cancer• Psychosis Alcohol consumption in grams per day.
  • It is remarkable the physical and psychic deterioration, and its social behavior. It is reduced to the tolerance to the toxic and the occasional appearance of convulsive pictures. The patients present/display severe pictures of undernourishment, can appear cancer of the digestive subsystem • Problems of the system, nervous power station • loss of memory psychological• larynx, mouth, lip cancer, disorders• of esophagus and liver • skin problems • pancreatitis lost of the appetite and • hepática cirrhosis • • hepática cirrhosis vitaminic deficiency • bad food digestion. • obesity • sexual impotence
  • Some of the possible long-term effects of ethanol an individualmay develop. In addition, pregnant women, alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome.
  • Students per information received, according• From table No. 03 and to alcohol consumption in educational figure No. 03, we can see institutions. that the group of teenagers of School "United States" who received prevention information, the 64.0% consume alcohol and 36.0% did not consume, while the group that did not receive prevention information, 78.4% consume alcohol compared to 21.6% who do not consum.e prevention of consumption..
  • • No alcohol sales in places or in the popular camping sites.• Eliminate the sale of beer pilots in urban areas and near highways.• No alcohol in official activities of organizations and institutions,unions or centers working.
  • • A glass or drink is defined as a bottle of beer of 12 ounces (340 mililiter), a wine glass of 5 ounces (142) or one 1 ½ ounces (40 mililiter) of a drink of licor.
  •  Women should not drink more than one drink a day. Men should not drink more than two drinks a day Sale of alcoholic beverages in restaurants limited in amount. Increase the rigor of traffic laws. Activities festive and massive social agencies alcohol-free youth.