“PREVENTION OF RISE OF ALCOHOLISMFOR HAPPY AND HEALTHY SOCIETY”
Alcohol is a drug and “Alcoholism” is a recognized medical illness acquired by those susceptible toit, who begin drinking for many reasons.
Usually, a variety of factors contribute to the development of a problem with alcohol. Social factors such as the influence of family, peers and society, and the availability of alcohol. Psychological factors such as elevated levels of stress, inadequate coping mechanisms, and reinforcement of alcohol use from other drinkers can contribute to alcoholism. Also, the factors contributing to initial alcohol use may vary from those maintaining it, once the disease develops.
Repeatedly neglecting your Using alcohol in situations where responsibilities at home, work, or it’s physically dangerous, such as school because of your drinking. For drinking and driving, operating example, performing poorly at machinery while intoxicated, or work, flunking classes, neglecting mixing alcohol with prescription your kids or skipping out on medication against doctor’s orders. commitments because you’re hung over. Drinking as a way to relax or de- Physical dependence on alcohol. stress. Many drinking problems If you rely on alcohol to function or start when people use alcohol to feel physically compelled to drink, self-soothe and relieve stress. you’re an alcoholic. Experiencing repeated legal Continuing to drink even though problem on account of your your alcohol use is causing drinking. problems in your relationships.
FACTS ABOUT ALCOHOLISM- MYTHS ABOUT ALCHOLISM- It takes the liver about one Myth #1: I can stop drinking hour to break down one drink anytime I want to. of alcohol Myth #2: My drinking 10-15% alcohol users develop is my problem. I’m the one who alcohol dependence . hurts, so no one has the right to 62.5 million Alcohol users are tell me to stop. estimated in India. Myth #3: I don’t drink every day, so I can’t be an alcoholic OR I Third largest market for only drink wine or beer, so I can’t alcoholic beverages in India, be an alcoholic. attracts the attention of multi Myth #4: I’m not an alcoholic national liquor companies all because I have a job and I’m over the place doing okay. Taxes generated from alcohol Myth #5: Drinking is not a “real” production & sale is the major addiction like drug abuse. source of revenue.
heart damage brain damage with high blood pressure mood and personality liver disease changes cancers of the concentration and digestive system memory problems other digestive system nutrition-related disorders (eg stomach problems ulcers) risks to unborn babies. sexual impotence and Impacts on reduced fertility relationships, finances, risk of breast cancer work and legal sleeping difficulties problems.
STAGES AVERAGE EFFECTS CONSUMPTIONFeeling of well-being Up to .05 g% •Talkative •Relaxed •More confidentSome raised risk 0.05-.08 g% •Over confidence •Judgment and •movement impairedModerately raised 0.15-.30 g% • walking difficultystate •Apathetic sleepy •breathing problems •Memory loss •Loss f bladder control •Possible loss of consciousnessDeath Over .30 g% •Coma •Death
George Best Peter Cook(Football player) (Actor)
Yootha Joyce Oliver Reed(Singer and actress) (Actor)
Acc to Barker Prevention is-“Actions taken by social workers and others to minimize or eliminate those social, psychological, or other conditions known to contribute to physical or emotional illnesses.Prevention includesestablishing thoseconditions in society thatenhance the opportunitiesfor individuals, families andcommunities to achievepositive fulfillment.”
Step 1 - Commit to stop drinking Evaluate the costs and benefits of Drinking. Step 2- Set goals and prepare for change Get rid of temptations. Be upfront about your new limits. Avoid bad influences. Learn from the past Step 3- Get sober safely One should start slowly. Step 4- Find new meaning in life Take care of yourself. Develop new interests and activities.
Step 5- Plan for triggers and cravings Practice saying “no” to alcohol in social situations. Distract yourself until the urge passes. Remind yourself of your reasons for not drinking. Step 6- Get support Step 7- Getting started on treatment There’s no magic bullet or single treatment that works for everyone. Everyone’s needs are different, so it’s important that you find a program that feels right to you.
Some people can stop drinking The symptoms of alcohol on their own, while others need withdrawal range from mild to medical supervision in order to severe, and include: withdraw from alcohol safely and comfortably. Which option Headache,Shaking,Sweating is best for you depends on how Nausea or vomiting much you’ve been drinking, how Anxiety and restlessness long you’ve had a problem, and Stomach cramps and diarrhea other health issues you may Trouble sleeping or have. concentrating Elevated heart rate and blood When you drink heavily and pressure. frequently, your body becomes Call 911 or go to the emergency physically dependent on alcohol room if you experience any of and goes through withdrawal if the following withdrawal you suddenly stop drinking. symptoms.
Alcohol addiction is a curse not only to the individual, but also to his/her family, society and nation . Hence, we should provide mental & social support to care-givers, families of severely alcoholic dependent people. And should create strong awareness towards healthy styles of living.
Designed and Created By- SHALINI CHAURASIA BTB/09/2009 AMITY INSTITUTE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY