The Portuguese Empire

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Theme 3 Part I

Theme 3 Part I

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  • 1. The Portuguese Empire Theme 3 Part I By: Josh Kessner History 140 Professor Arguello
  • 2. History of Portugal
    • Portugal is both a European and Atlantic nation which had built up a powerful empire in earlier years.
    • The empire included parts of South America, Africa, Asia, and Astralasia.
    • Within the next two centuries, 17 th and 18 th , Portugal slowly lost much of its wealth as other Nations took over their scattered trading posts.
    • Signs of military decline began in the late 16 th century
  • 3. Early Inhabitants of Portugal
    • Present-day Portugal was first inhabited way back in time by the Neanderthals and then by the Homo sapiens, our earlier ancestors.
    • They traveled around the Northern Iberian Peninsula
    • There was some domestication of animals and raising of crops and early in the first millennium BC, many local populations inter-married creating many ethnic groups.
    • There were also inhabitants in southern parts of the country.
  • 4. The Portuguese Empire
    • The Portuguese Empire was the first global empire in history!
    • The empire also reigned the longest, lasting almost six centuries
    • Portuguese sailors began exploring the coast of Africa in 1419 with developments in navigation and cartography
  • 5. Expanders of the Empire
    • In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias sailed around the Cape of Good Hope.
    • Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498.
    • Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil by an accidental landfall.
    • As decades continued, Portuguese sailors were continually exploring coastal areas of these large land masses, establishing themselves as they discovered these new territories
  • 6. Colonial Brazil
    • Colonial Brazil is the label given to the time of the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500 until 1815
    • In 1815, Brazil was elevated to kingdom alongside Portugal
    • There was a great amount of economic exploration amongst arrival.
    • Goods that were found to be of use were brazilwood, sugar, and gold and diamond mining slaves.
    • At first Brazil was set up as fifteen private captaincies.
  • 7. Captaincies of Brazil
    • In the very first attempt at colonizing this new found land Brazil, the Portuguese went by the system of hereditary captaincies.
    • The costs were transferred to 15 private hands
    • These were given to Portuguese noblemen, yet only two of the 15 captaincies prospered.
    • The failure of the other captaincies was related to the resistance of the indigenous peoples
    • One of the prospering captaincies found it’s success in the harvesting of sugarcane
    • Sugar was very valuable in trade with Europe and its production became the main Brazilian colonial produce in the next 150 years.