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Portuguese slides

  1. 1. The Portuguese Empire by Ryan P. Swetz
  2. 2. <ul><li>During 15th & 16th Century, Portugal was a leading European Power. </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal had extensive colonial trading empire. </li></ul><ul><li>August 21, 1415 with the conquest of Ceuta, a city on the North African Coast, The Portuguese Empire was founded. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Period of Discovery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed in 1494 and divided the (largely undiscovered) world between the Spanish and the Portuguese. </li></ul><ul><li>Bartolomeu Dias turned The Cape of Good Hope in 1488 opening up trade with India. </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding the Empire </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Famous Faces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vasco de Gama rounded The Cape of Good Hope and solidified trade with India. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese Maritime exploration till his death in 1460. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Unification </li></ul><ul><li>In 1581, Phillip was crowned Philip I of Portugal, uniting the 2 crowns and overseas empires under Spanish Habsburg rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The union had both benefits and drawbacks. (Portugal could sell slaves in the Spanish Americas for a higher price, on the other hand they were now dragged into conflicts with England, France, Dutch Republic.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In 1500 navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in Brazil and laid claim to it in the name of King Manuel I of Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1500-1530 few expeditions came to chart the coast and collect brazilwood. (used to produce a valuable dye to stain luxury textiles.) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colonial Brazil </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Portuguese restricted colonial trade , Brazil was only allowed to export and import goods from Portugal and other Portuguese colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco, cotton, cachaca were produced but sugar by far the most important product. </li></ul><ul><li>First sugarcane farms established in mid 16th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese relied on aborigine slaves originally, then began importing African slaves to harvest the sugarcane. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sugarcane Cycle 1530-1700 </li></ul>
  8. 8. References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_empire http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_Brazil h ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Portu gal