The Portuguese Empire


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Theme 3- Part 1

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The Portuguese Empire

  1. 1. The Portuguese Empire<br />B. Scott Tucker<br />
  2. 2. During 15th & 16th Century, Portugal was a leading European Power.<br />Portugal had extensive colonial trading empire.<br />August 21, 1415 with the conquest of Ceuta, a city on the North African Coast, The Portuguese Empire was founded.<br />Period of Discovery<br />
  3. 3. The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed in 1494 and divided the (largely undiscovered) world between the Spanish and the Portuguese.<br />Bartolomeu Dias turned The Cape of Good Hope in 1488 opening up trade with India.<br />Expanding the Empire<br />
  4. 4. Famous Faces<br />Vasco de Gama rounded The Cape of Good Hope and solidified trade with India.<br />Prince Henry the Navigator took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese Maritime exploration till his death in 1460.<br />
  5. 5. Unification<br />In 1581, Phillip was crowned Philip I of Portugal, uniting the 2 crowns and overseas empires under Spanish Habsburg rule.<br />The union had both benefits and drawbacks. (Portugal could sell slaves in the Spanish Americas for a higher price, on the other hand they were now dragged into conflicts with England, France, Dutch Republic.)<br />
  6. 6. In 1500 navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in Brazil and laid claim to it in the name of King Manuel I of Portugal.<br />Between 1500-1530 few expeditions came to chart the coast and collect brazilwood. (used to produce a valuable dye to stain luxury textiles.)<br />Colonial Brazil<br />
  7. 7. Portuguese restricted colonial trade , Brazil was only allowed to export and import goods from Portugal and other Portuguese colonies<br />Tobacco, cotton, cachaca were produced but sugar by far the most important product.<br />First sugarcane farms established in mid 16th century. <br />Portuguese relied on aborigine slaves originally, then began importing African slaves to harvest the sugarcane.<br />The Sugarcane Cycle 1530-1700<br />
  8. 8. References<br /><br /><br /><br />