The Visibility         of the TunisianNational Innovation System (NIS)                 Jelel Ezzine      DG of Internation...
The (in)Visibility         of the TunisianNational Innovation System (NIS)                 Jelel Ezzine      DG of Interna...
Visibility?
Why is it so?   PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   4
… does it make sense!?        PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   5
… Visibility!  University          Government    Industry  Cal Tech (1)           NSF         Apple   KAIST (94)          ...
“Systemic” approach to understanding Innovation’s impact on development              PASRI-12 Oct. 2001
Back to Tunisia     PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   8
International Cooperation      (Key partners)         PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   9
International bilateral R&D cooperation              (EU, MENA)Bilateral funding projects (CMCU, CNRS, INRIA, INSERM, Spai...
Network of collaboration in Africa              PASRI-12 Oct. 2001     11
Tunisiaa top African performer (1:2)           PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   12
Tunisiaa top African performer (2:2)           PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   13
A Glimps to Tunisia’s Industry               (key data)   5 831 SMEs having 10 or more employees, of which 2 800 are total...
A Glimps to Tunisia’s Industry        (International firms)International companies in Tunisia            ALCATEL – LUCENT ...
… « counterintuitives »!• … the results show the positive impact of R&D  activities, human capital quality, past experienc...
“A number of countries are challenging the traditional scientific superpowers,”said Sir Chris Llewellyn Smith of Oxford un...
Enhancing Tunisia’s                        international visibility• R&D Internationalisation yields net global benefits: ...
Cooperation Cube Concept (C3)I.   Training and capacity building:           University to university cooperation,         ...
Cooperation Cube Concept (C3)                                                              STI Policy andCooperation Area ...
Finnish NIS   v.s.Tunisian NIS               PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   21
PASRI-12 Oct. 2001   22
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Jelel ezzine nis_visibility

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This presentation attempts to address the international visibility of NISs in general and the Tunisian one in particular. It also makes preliminary recommendations.

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Jelel ezzine nis_visibility

  1. 1. The Visibility of the TunisianNational Innovation System (NIS) Jelel Ezzine DG of International Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research
  2. 2. The (in)Visibility of the TunisianNational Innovation System (NIS) Jelel Ezzine DG of International Cooperation Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research
  3. 3. Visibility?
  4. 4. Why is it so? PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 4
  5. 5. … does it make sense!? PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 5
  6. 6. … Visibility! University Government Industry Cal Tech (1) NSF Apple KAIST (94) KISTI SamsungUniv. of Helsinki TEKES Nokia (91)
  7. 7. “Systemic” approach to understanding Innovation’s impact on development PASRI-12 Oct. 2001
  8. 8. Back to Tunisia PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 8
  9. 9. International Cooperation (Key partners) PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 9
  10. 10. International bilateral R&D cooperation (EU, MENA)Bilateral funding projects (CMCU, CNRS, INRIA, INSERM, Spain, Portugal, Italy,Greece, India, Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan)Large bilateral research projects 2009/2010 N° of Projects Tunisian funding Foreign funding (KDT) (KDT) Bilateral calls 744 2216 7531 Other bilateral projects 15 30 16534 International org 9 - 925 Total 768 2246 24990Steady participation increase in EU FPX FP4 FP5 FP6 FP7 (2010) N° of Projects 34 45 99 71 Funding (Million Euro) 2.75 5.03 12.3 7.5 PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 10
  11. 11. Network of collaboration in Africa PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 11
  12. 12. Tunisiaa top African performer (1:2) PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 12
  13. 13. Tunisiaa top African performer (2:2) PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 13
  14. 14. A Glimps to Tunisia’s Industry (key data) 5 831 SMEs having 10 or more employees, of which 2 800 are totally exporting ones, 1,975 SMEs with foreign participation, 1,221 are 100% foreign owned, 1,679 are totally exporting SMEsExports (millions of dinars) Fiest 5 mths 2010 First 5 mths 2011 % Increase Total 7,590.6 8,653.9 14.0 PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 14
  15. 15. A Glimps to Tunisia’s Industry (International firms)International companies in Tunisia ALCATEL – LUCENT CISCO MICROSOFT LEONI PHILIPS SAGEM SIEMENS … PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 15
  16. 16. … « counterintuitives »!• … the results show the positive impact of R&D activities, human capital quality, past experience in innovation and public subsidies on probability of firms to innovate; whereas, ownership structure has a negative impact. Innovation and R&D Investment of Tunisian Firms: A Two-Regime Model with Selectivity Correction, MOHAMED KRIAA and ZOUHOUR KARRAY, The Journal of Business Inquiry 2010,• They also suggest that firms with high export intensity and significant foreign capital participation are found to be less innovating than partially exporting firms with low foreign capital share. Innovation in Tunisia, Empirical Analysis for Industrial Sector, Moez El Elj, Décembre 2010. PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 16
  17. 17. “A number of countries are challenging the traditional scientific superpowers,”said Sir Chris Llewellyn Smith of Oxford university, who chaired the study team.Among smaller countries, the Royal Society report singles out Tunisia,where R&D spending rose from 0.03 per cent of GDP in 1996 to 1.25 percent in 2009. Its priority is life sciences and medicine – with an officialaim to increase pharmaceutical exports five-fold within five years.Although the study does not cover the impact of the recent overthrow ofArab autocrats, such as Zein al-Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia, Sir Chris said: “Iwould expect it to have a good influence on science.” PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 17
  18. 18. Enhancing Tunisia’s international visibility• R&D Internationalisation yields net global benefits: – Better conditions for excellent research – Avoids fragmentation, duplication – Generates more public and private R&D funding – Increases access to new markets – Helps engaging in solving global problems – improves human ressources (attrating foreign knowledge workers and avoiding local brain drain) – Increases the quality and absorption capacity of domestic S&T through international cooperationThe internationalisation of business R&D: evidence, impact and implications (OECD 2006) Need proactive impact-driven International Cooperation! PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 18
  19. 19. Cooperation Cube Concept (C3)I. Training and capacity building: University to university cooperation, Mobility, especially for young researchers in PhD postdoctoral levels, Joint PhD supervision schemes and dual degrees programs.II. Research and Development: International research projects /research grants, Increased Tunisian research community participation in international funding schemes, International scientific events organisation and participation.III. Higher Education, Science and Innovation policy and management: Best practices in the areas of university management, universities’ autonomy, quality and accreditation of academic and research institutions, linkages between universities and research centres, Improving adequacy between academic offer and labour market needs, Identifying new and emerging S&T niches of interest to Tunisia, improving linkages between SMEs, large firms and research centres, identifying measures to encourage transfer of technology through procurement policies and other incentives.
  20. 20. Cooperation Cube Concept (C3) STI Policy andCooperation Area Capacity Building R&D Management Universities/ Research Centres/ Agencies/Partner Institution Research Centres Agencies Governments Time Frame ST-MT MT MT-LT
  21. 21. Finnish NIS v.s.Tunisian NIS PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 21
  22. 22. PASRI-12 Oct. 2001 22

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