2 B4 5 18 June 14.00 15.30 Ezzine

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Presentation given at TH7 in Glasgow to introduce my concept of catch up.

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2 B4 5 18 June 14.00 15.30 Ezzine

  1. 1. Integrated capabilities accumulation: A Gerschenkronian catching-up strategy Jelel Ezzine University of Tunis El-Manar (UTM), Tunisia [email_address]
  2. 2. Education is a social process; education is growth; education is not a preparation for life but is life itself . John Dewey
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Gerschenkron and catch up – extending the framework </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated capabilities accumulation – the fundamental role of learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological and capacity competitiveness – Fagerberg 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social and physical technologies – Nelson 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning as the most important process – Lundvall 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The proposed three fundamental capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reverse engineering Gerschenkron catch up – Low Cost space technology </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction (1:2) <ul><li>We do know that: developing countries are in dire need for applicable catch-up strategies that will allow them to converge to the developed world, and hence secure a better future for their citizens (Juma and Clark, 2002), </li></ul><ul><li>We also do know: “ the futility of the search of any ‘magic bullet’ driving industrialization. The process of accumulation of technological and organizational capabilities does not play a crucial role - …- but such process has to be matched , first, by a congruent ‘political economy’ offering incentive structures conductive to ‘learning-base’ …, and, second, by a congruent macroeconomic management .” Cimoli et al. (2008) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction (2:2) <ul><li>We still propose a “generic” catch-up strategy called “Integrated Capabilities Accumulation” built around triad: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an extended version of the Gerschenkronian framework, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a generalization of the latest findings regarding needed capabilities, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a “ Low Cost ” pilot project, targeting a frontier technological niche. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Gerschenkron and catch up: extending the framework <ul><li>O'Brien, 1998: The key insight from Gerschenkron’s thesis is of a systemic nature, which is the necessity to integrate and simultaneously coordinate all components of the targeted economic activity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ industrialization process begins only if the industrialization can proceed, as it were, along a broad front, starting simultaneously along many lines of economic activities.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Fruits of industrial progress in certain lines are received as external economies by other branches of industry whose progress in turn accords benefit to the former.” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Gerschenkron and catch up: extending the framework Higher Edu. Spin-Offs Ind. Niche R&D H. Edu. Tightly coordinated and managed targeted pilot project Gerschenkron Extended Gerschenkron
  8. 8. Integrated capabilities accumulation – the fundamental role of learning <ul><li>Technological and capacity competitiveness – Fagerberg 2005 , </li></ul><ul><li>Social and physical technologies – Nelson 2008 , </li></ul><ul><li>Learning as the most important process – Lundvall 2007 , </li></ul><ul><li>The proposed three fundamental capabilities. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Integrated capabilities accumulation – the fundamental role of learning <ul><li>Technological and capacity competitiveness – Fagerberg 2005 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity competitiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological competitiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social and physical technologies – Nelson 2008 , </li></ul><ul><li>Learning as the most important process – Lundvall 2007 , </li></ul><ul><li>The proposed three fundamental capabilities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Integrated capabilities accumulation – the fundamental role of learning <ul><li>Technological and capacity competitiveness – Fagerberg 2005 , </li></ul><ul><li>Social and physical technologies – Nelson 2008 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning as the most important process – Lundvall 2007 , </li></ul><ul><li>The proposed three fundamental capabilities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Integrated capabilities accumulation – the fundamental role of learning <ul><li>Technological and capacity competitiveness – Fagerberg 2005 , </li></ul><ul><li>Social and physical technologies – Nelson 2008 , </li></ul><ul><li>Learning as the most important process – Lundvall 2007 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intangible resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tangible resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The proposed three fundamental capabilities. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The proposed three fundamental capabilities <ul><li>Learning Capabilities (LC): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lundvall (2007): “ the most fundamental resource in the modern economy is knowledge and, accordingly, the most important process is learning . ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lundvall and Johnson (1994): “… in an economy where the distribution of competence becomes more and more uneven and the capability to learn tends to become the most important factor behind economic success of people , organization and regions .” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Capabilities (SC), </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Capabilities (PC), </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reverse engineering Gerschenkron catch up – Low Cost space technology <ul><li>Key characteristics of the niche technology </li></ul><ul><li>(in the making!): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic and dynamic “Low Cost” technology, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High value added technology and large spectrum industries/services spillover, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires highly skilled manpower, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivating and inspiring pilot project, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bestows National and international visibility, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sufficiently available training infrastructure and know how, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largely available potential manpower, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong and enduring political back up, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The skill a student acquires in a craft, and the habit he attains , correspond to the quality of instruction and the habit of the teacher . A. Ibnou Khaldoun

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