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Implementing Technology Transfer Offices in Mena region: The role of private sector

Tech Transfer Offices is not only a missing link to be created between University and Industry. It's a highly complex ecosystem to be developped around formal processes, covering the IP production and protection to the Tech Transfer project engineering and contracting. In this presentation, the author insists on the importance of the private sector to handle the Tech Transfer as knowledge based Industry itself.

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Where we stand today…
where we should go tomorrow.
1
Regional Workshop
Activating a Tech Transfer capability
The Tunisian
Case,
Presented by
Mondher Khanfir
C.E.O at Wiki Start Up
mk@wikistartup.tn
Tunis, July 17th 2017
Agenda
• National Innovation System,
• Technological Capability and Industry
absorption capacity
• Where is Tunisia now?
• Potential & perspectives for Tunisia
• Recommendations for a more efficient
Governance of the NIS
Regional Workshop
Activating a Tech Transfer capability
What NIS is not?
 NIS is not a Research focused entity but Knowledge
and Information flows platform enabling Innovation.
The flow of knowledge and information among people, enterprises and
institutions which is key to the innovative process.
 NIS is not infrastructure but an Ecosystem supporting
Technology Transfer (In & Out)
It is a META Network of interconnected institutions to create, store and
transfer the knowledge, skills and artefacts which define new
technologies.
What NIS is not?
 NIS is not a traditional « Public Service » but a high level
policy maker and a strategic provider of information on
innovation.
Gathering all actors whose interactions and linkages determine the
innovative performance of national firms. Government’s role is to to
promote and activate trust among the different innovation actors
 NIS is not only applying rules but formulating strategies,
anticipating changes and updating rules for a better
global innovation flows.
Changing rules to make a better interaction between knowledge producers
and users, and providing the framework within which governments form
and implement policies to influence the innovation process.
So what’s a NIS?
 The National Innovation System (NIS) is a
pillar of the Knowledge Based Economy
 NIS is a “Tech Transfer Turbine”, which capacity
is resulting from a complex set of relationships
among actors within a specific environment….
 .. the network of institutions in the public and
private sectors whose activities and interactions
initiate, import, modify and diffuse new
technologies.
• Transferring research results to economic sectors
is one of the missions of NIS.
• - Three main ways to transfer research findings co-
exist:
✓ Assignment of rights through licensing or collaborative
research projects
✓ through spin-out (or spin-off)
✓ By technological integration (or spin-in)
So what’s a NIS?

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Implementing Technology Transfer Offices in Mena region: The role of private sector

  • 1. Where we stand today… where we should go tomorrow. 1 Regional Workshop Activating a Tech Transfer capability The Tunisian Case, Presented by Mondher Khanfir C.E.O at Wiki Start Up mk@wikistartup.tn Tunis, July 17th 2017
  • 2. Agenda • National Innovation System, • Technological Capability and Industry absorption capacity • Where is Tunisia now? • Potential & perspectives for Tunisia • Recommendations for a more efficient Governance of the NIS Regional Workshop Activating a Tech Transfer capability
  • 3. What NIS is not?  NIS is not a Research focused entity but Knowledge and Information flows platform enabling Innovation. The flow of knowledge and information among people, enterprises and institutions which is key to the innovative process.  NIS is not infrastructure but an Ecosystem supporting Technology Transfer (In & Out) It is a META Network of interconnected institutions to create, store and transfer the knowledge, skills and artefacts which define new technologies.
  • 4. What NIS is not?  NIS is not a traditional « Public Service » but a high level policy maker and a strategic provider of information on innovation. Gathering all actors whose interactions and linkages determine the innovative performance of national firms. Government’s role is to to promote and activate trust among the different innovation actors  NIS is not only applying rules but formulating strategies, anticipating changes and updating rules for a better global innovation flows. Changing rules to make a better interaction between knowledge producers and users, and providing the framework within which governments form and implement policies to influence the innovation process.
  • 5. So what’s a NIS?  The National Innovation System (NIS) is a pillar of the Knowledge Based Economy  NIS is a “Tech Transfer Turbine”, which capacity is resulting from a complex set of relationships among actors within a specific environment….  .. the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diffuse new technologies.
  • 6. • Transferring research results to economic sectors is one of the missions of NIS. • - Three main ways to transfer research findings co- exist: ✓ Assignment of rights through licensing or collaborative research projects ✓ through spin-out (or spin-off) ✓ By technological integration (or spin-in) So what’s a NIS?
  • 7. Matching between Offer and Demand in Tunisia  It’s mainly the Government that determine the main axes of R & D (the offer)  The process of technology transfer relies on Big Companies which usually prefer international collaboration (the demand) A highly decisive role of universities and research laboratories for the production and dissemination of knowledge.
  • 8. Technological Capability Technological Capability is composed of a variety of sources of knowledge and experiences. Some are subtle and intangible, such as new ideas and inventions. Others are embodied in equipment, machinery or infrastructure, and are more and more carried out by artificial intelligence. The main outcome for NSI is to develop Technological Capability of local actors and enhance Technology Transfer and cooperation with international actors.
  • 9. 9
  • 10. 10
  • 11. 11
  • 12. Key drivers for Technology Transfer  These are generally large companies or governments that determine the main axes of R & D (the trends)  The process of technology transfer requires collaboration and collective commitment A highly decisive role of universities and research laboratories for the production and dissemination of knowledge, in particular though RBSO.
  • 13. At the policy level To produce a relevant and coherent Governance on the NIS and covenring the IPP and the technology transfer industry in Tunisia Some principles to be observed:  To set up an institutionnal Board in charge of the Tunisian National Innovation System including public and private sectors representatives  To craft a formal strategy and to fix priorities for the short, mid and long tem.  To define a common referential for assessing the STI policies and their impacts
  • 14. The NIS includes the NIPS  We cannot talk about National Innovation System without setting up first, an National Intellectual Property System (NIPS).
  • 15. How to industrialize the TT process in Tunisia  Create a national organization whose mission is the centralized management of R&D.  Making market studies available to researchers  Establish specific incentives for spin-off  Privatize TT by creating companies vis-a-vis traders researchers  Creating TT acceleration companies (market the projects by sector)  Facilitate access for civil society to R & D funds  National Steering Committee of TT (ANPR, APII) and regional committees (Univ, CT, CR, NGO, APII, Poles)
  • 16. 16 How to industrialize the TT in Tunisia  Create more Technological Resource Centres  National Council for TT  Create pilot Labs exclusively performing applied research and experimental  Develop Personal Statement TT  Financing (funds, motivation, procurement procedures)  Apply existing legal texts TT  Involve the end customer from the beginning with the research team (lab / Unit Ets)  Create and promote specific trades TT
  • 17. 17 How to industrialize the TT in Tunisia  Use a proportion of the budget allocated to R&D for Applied Research  Development of the marketing approach of products from TT  Encourage firms to create R & D cells  Encourage a dynamic clustering  Create public / private joint laboratories
  • 18. 18 IN CONCLUSION: A deep REFORM COVERING THE 3Ps  Many pre requisites and key success factors are missing, at the 3 different levels: Process People Policy Technology Transfer differs from one sector to anther. It’s not only about licencing or spining off, it’s also about the process itself. Staffing high level competencies to be able to provide world class services Crafting policy papers to stimulate the reforms at the government level IP strategy formulation relies on expertise and international presence. Initiating a marketplace for IP could start with local events until reaching a critical size for internationalization. Non permanent experts should be hired easily to proceed with IP Valuation or Patent writing…. Financial autonomy is a crucial condition to develop the TT industry. Planning a sustainable strategy for TTO, based on clear National Innovation strategy. Communication is a key driver for business exposure. Launching a Media & a Data Center is compulsory. Parterning with local and international bodies and organization to share resources and experience. Performing a TTO requires an entrepreneurial spirit. A good option could be to call for a PPP project with private sector.