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Frankfinn - Aviation
 

Frankfinn - Aviation

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Aviation Assignment....

Aviation Assignment....

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  • Custom animation effects: descending text levels(Basic)To reproduce the rectangleon this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.08”. In the Shape Width box, enter 4.33”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner in the Shapes Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 25%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 20%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 69%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click Offset Diagonal Bottom Left (first row, third option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 72%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 11.81 pt.In the Angle box, enter 141°.In the Distance box, enter 19.7 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box,click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 7 pt, in the Height box, enter 7 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard clickMetal (fourth option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Contrasting (second row, second option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 75°.On the slide, drag the rectangle into the bottom right corner. To reproduce the rectangle animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the rectangle. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate,click Ascend. Select the animation effect (ascend effect for the rectangle). Under Modify: Ascend,do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In theSpeed list, selectMedium. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter three lines of text with paragraph breaks in the text box. Select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Candara.In the Font Size list, select 28. Click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click Aqua, Accent 5; Darker 50% (sixth row, ninth option from the left). On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align TextLeft to position the text left in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box onto the rectangle. To reproduce the text animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate,click Descend. Select the second animation effect (descend effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Descend dialog box, do the following:On the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart box, selectWith Previous. In theSpeed box, select1 seconds (Fast). On the Text Animation tab, in the Group text list, select By 1st Level Paragraphs.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, click the double arrow under the second animation effect to expand the list of effects, and then do the following:Select the new second animation effect in the list (descend effect for the first line of text). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Descend dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.Select the third animation effect (descend effect for the second line of text). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Descend dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list select WithPrevious.In the Delay box, enter 1.5.Select the fourth animation effect (descend effect for the second line of text). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Timing. In the Descend dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list select WithPrevious.In the Delay box, enter 2.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: On the Design tab, in the bottom right corner of the Background group, click the Format Background dialog box launcher.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Picture or texture fill in the Fill pane, and then under Insert from click File.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Clear disk with floating text(Advanced)To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the shape to a circle, and then on the slide, drag to draw a circle. Select the circle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.07”.In the Shape Width box, enter 4.54”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, clickMore Fill Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 204, Green: 255, Blue: 153.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Outline, and then click No Outline. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, clickShape Effects, and then do the following:Point to Bevel, and then under Bevel click Convex (second row, third option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Perspective click Perspective Relaxed (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Rotationin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Rotation:In the Y box, enter 289.6°.In the Perspective box, enter 30°.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Bottom, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Under Depth, in the Depth box, enter 25 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Translucent click Clear (third option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Transparency box, enter 85%.In the Size box, enter 100%. In the Blur box, enter 21 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90%.In the Distance box, enter 27 pt. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 80 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color,and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, and then do the following:Point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Tight Reflection, 4 pt offset (second row, first option from the left). Point to 3-D Rotation, and then under Parallel click Off Axis 2 Left (second row, fourth option from the left). Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Under Depth, click the button next to Color and under Theme Colorsthen click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Depth box, enter 6.5 pt. Under Surface, click the button next to Material and then under Standard click Warm Matte (second option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left). To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter46%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 228, Green: 245, Blue: 193.
  • Custom animation effects: duplicate picture with varied brightness to full color(Advanced)Tip: For the effects on this slide, use a picture with a “portrait” (vertical) orientation. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Georgiafrom the Font list, enter 34 in the Font Size box, click Italic, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click Aqua, Accent 5, Darker 25% (fifth row, ninth option from the left).Drag the text box into the upper half of the slide, slightly left of the center.To reproduce the first picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert. On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3.81” and the Width box is set to 2.54”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Drag the picture into the into the top left corner of the slide. (Note: Align the left edge of the picture with the left edge of the slide, and leave a small margin between the top edge of the picture and the top edge of the slide.)Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture, and then do the following in the Picture pane: Click the button next to Recolor, and then select the recolor option that works best with the picture. (Note: The first picture in the example above is set to No Recolor.)In the Brightness box, enter 50%. (Note: You may want to adjust the brightness settings for the picture you have chosen.)On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.On the slide, select the picture, and then do the following in the Custom Animation task pane:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,under Basic, click Fly In, and then click OK.Under Modify: Fly In, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Fly In,in the Direction list, select From Left.Under Modify: Fly In,in the Speed list, select Fast.Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,under Subtle, click Expand, and then click OK.Under Modify: Expand, in the Start list, select With Previous.Under Modify: Expand, in the Speed list, select Fast.To reproduce the second picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the second picture until the left side slightly overlaps the right side of the first picture.Select the second picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, in the Brightness box, enter 40%. (Note: You may want to adjust the brightness settings for the picture you have chosen.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select the third and fourth animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the second picture) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.2, and then click OK.To reproduce the third picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the second picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the third picture until its left side slightly overlaps the right side of the second picture.Select the third picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, in the Brightness box, enter 20%. (Note: You may want to adjust the brightness settings for the picture you have chosen.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select the fifth and sixth animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the third picture) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.4, and then click OK.To reproduce the fourth picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the third picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the fourth picture until its left side slightly overlaps the right side of the third picture.Select the fourth picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, in the Brightness box, enter 0%. Press and hold CTRL, and then select the seventh and eighth animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the fourth picture) in the CustomAnimation pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.6, and then click OK.To reproduce the fifth picture with animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the fourth picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Drag the fifth picture until its left side slightly overlaps the right side of the fourth picture.Select the fifth picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Picture Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher.In the Format Picture dialog box, in the left pane, click Picture. In the Picture pane, click the button next to Recolor, and then under No Recolor click No Recolor. Press and hold CTRL, and then select the ninth and 10th animation effects (fly-in and expand effects for the fifth picture) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click the arrow to the right of one of the selected animation effects, and then click Timing. In the Effect Options dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 0.8, and then click OK.To reproduce the animation effects for the text box on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the text box, and then do the following in the CustomAnimation task pane:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box,under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK.Under Modify: Fade, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Fade, in the Speed list, select Very Fast.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the first, second, third, and fourth pictures. In the CustomAnimation task pane do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Exit Effect dialog box,under Moderate, click Stretchy, and then click OK.Under Modify: Stretchy, in the Start list, select With Previous. Under Modify: Stretchy, in the Speed list, select Fast.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 12th animation effect (first stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.4, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 13th animation effect (second stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.6, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 14th animation effect (third stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 1.8, and then click OK.Also in the Custom Animation task pane, select the 15th animation effect (fourth stretchy effect for the text box). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Stretchy dialog box, on the Timing tab, in the Delay box, enter 2.0, and then click OK.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the right pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5%(second row, first option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 34%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left). Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).

Frankfinn - Aviation Frankfinn - Aviation Presentation Transcript

  • AviationJaifar. K.UC5 Batch
  •  Name: Jaifar. K. U Class: C5 Assessor Name: Sapna
  • Name Head quarters CEO Fleet SloganJet Light Mumbai Naresh Goyal 19 Emotionally YoursJet Konnect Mumbai Naresh Goyal 8 The Joy Of FlyingGo Air Mumbai Jehangir Wadia 10 Experience The DifferenceIndigo Gurgaon Rahul Bhatia MD 39 Go Indigo Aditya GhoshJagson Delhi Koustav M. Dhar 5 Soaring The New HeightsSpice Jet Gurgaon Siddhanta 25 Get More When Sharma You FlyAir India Express Kochi, Kerala Arvind Jadhav 21 Simply PricelessKingfisher Red Bangalore Vijay Mallya 21 The Choice Is Simple
  • Open Sky Policy Open skies is an international policy concept which calls for the liberization of rules and regulations on international aviation industry, most specially commercial aviation opening free market for the airline industry The objectives are : To liberalize the rules for International aviation markets and minimize government intervention. The provisions apply to passengers , call cargo and combination air transportation and encompass both both scheduled and charter services. To adjunct the regime under which military of other State based flights may be permitted. To achieve sovereignty , a state must be recognized having both de facto and de jire control over all the land , sea and air space within defined territorial boundaries.
  •  A bilateral air transport agreement is a contract to liberise aviation services usually commercial civil aviation between two contracting states . This agreement allows the airlines of both the states to launch commercial flight that covers the transport of passengers and cargoes of both countries . A multinational air service agreement is between more than two countries. India was a country who was against privatization in the beginning and started air line service Under government control but later Indian government along with many other countries became liberal an the open sky policy which invited eligible people free to start a new airline company . This changed the face of aviation industry itself.
  •  A low cost carrier or low cost airline is an airline that generally has lower fares and les comforts. To make up for the revenue lost in decreased ticket prices , the airline may charge for extras like food, priority, boarding , seat allocating and baggage. The term originated within the airline industry referring to airlines with a lower cost structure than their competitors while the term is often applied to any carrier with low ticket prices and limited services , regardless of their operating models .
  • Seat Belt A seat belt or seatbelt, sometimes called a safety belt, is a safety harness designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result from a collision or a sudden stop. As part of an overall automobile passive safety system, seat belts are intended to reduce injuries by stopping the wearer from hitting hard interior elements of the vehicle, or other passengers (the so-called second impact), are in the correct position for the airbag to deploy and prevent the passenger from being thrown from the vehicle. Seat belts also absorb energy by being designed to stretch during any sudden deceleration, so that there is less speed differential between the passengers body and their vehicle interior, and also to spread the loading of impact on the passengers body..
  •  The final, so-called third impact after a passengers body hits the car interior, airbag or seat belts, is that of the internal organs hitting the ribcage or skull. The force of this impact is the mechanism through which car crashes cause disabling or life threatening injury. The sequence of energy dissipating and speed reducing technologies - crumple zone - seat belt - airbags - padded interior, are designed to work together as a system, to reduce the force of this final impact
  • Oxygen Mask Most commercial aircraft are pressurized at a maximum cabin altitude of 8,000 feet, where it is possible to breathe normally without an oxygen mask. If the cabin pressurization level reaches the equivalent of 14,000 feet or higher on the exterior, or a decompression occurs above that flying level and hypoxia is possible, compartments containing the oxygen masks will open automatically, either above or in front of the passenger and crew seats, and the oxygen masks will drop down in front of the passenger. Oxygen masks may also drop on extremely rough landings or during severe turbulence if the oxygen mask panel becomes loose. Rows of seats typically have an extra mask (i.e. 3 seats, 4 masks), in case someone has an infant in their lap, or someone in the aisle needs to grab one.
  •  An oxygen mask consists of a yellow, soft, silicone facial cup with white elastic bands for securing the mask to the passengers face. This band is adjustable by pulling two ends looped through the facial cup. The mask may also have a concentrator or re-breather bag that may or may not inflate depending on the cabin altitude, which has (in some instances) made passengers nervous the mask was not providing adequate oxygen, causing some to remove them, who thereby suffered hypoxia. All airlines now make a point in the safety video or demonstration to point out that the bag may not inflate. The bag is attached to a tube, connected to the oxygen source in the compartment, allowing for it to drop down and hang in front of the passengers. To operate on all aircraft except the L-1011, they must be pulled sharply toward the passenger who needs it to un-clip the flow pin and start the process of transporting the oxygen to the passenger. Passenger oxygen masks cannot deliver enough oxygen for sustained periods at high altitudes. This is why the flight crew needs to place the aircraft in a controlled emergency descent to a lower altitude where it is possible to breathe without emergency oxygen. While the masks are being used, passengers are not allowed to leave their seat for any reason until it is safe to breathe without the emergency oxygen. If there is a fire on board the aircraft, masks are not deployed, as the production of oxygen may further fuel the fire.
  • Evacuation Slide An evacuation slide is an inflatable slide used to evacuate an aircraft quickly. An escape slide is required on all commercial (passenger carrying) aircraft where the door sill height is such that, in the event of an evacuation, passengers would be unable to "step down" from the door uninjured (Federal Aviation Administration requires slides on all aircraft doors where the floor is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above the ground). Escape slides are packed and held within the door structure inside the slide bustle, a protruding part of the inside of an aircraft door that varies in size depending on both the size of the aircraft and the size of the door. Many, but not all slides are also designed to double as life rafts in case of a water landing.
  • Emergency Exit In aircraft terms, an "exit" is any one of the main doors (entry doors on the port side of the aircraft and service doors on the starboard side) and an "emergency exit" is defined as a door that is only ever used in an emergency (such as overawing exits and permanently armed exits). Passengers seated in exit rows may be called upon to assist and open exits in the event of an emergency. The number and type of exits on an aircraft is regulated through strict rules within the industry, and is based on whether the aircraft is single or twin-aisled; the maximum passenger load; and the maximum distance from a seat to an exit. The goal of these regulations is to make possible the evacuation of an airliners designed maximum occupancy of passengers and crew within 90 seconds even if half of the available exits are blocked. Any aircraft where the emergency exit door sill height is above that which would make unaided escape possible is fitted with an automatic inflatable evacuation slide, which allows occupants to slide to the ground safely.
  • Cockpit A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft. Most modern cockpits are enclosed, except on some small aircraft, and cockpits on large airliners are also physically separated from the cabin. From the cockpit an aircraft is controlled on the ground and in the air. Cockpit as a term for the pilots compartment in an aircraft first appeared in 1914. From about 1935 cockpit also came to be used informally to refer to the drivers seat of a car, especially a high performance one, and this is official terminology in Formula One. The term is most likely related to the sailing term for the coxswains station in a Royal Navy ship, and later the location of the ships rudder controls
  •  The cockpit of an aircraft contains flight instruments on an instrument panel, and the controls which enable the pilot to fly the aircraft. In most airliners, a door separates the cockpit from the passenger compartment. After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, all major airlines fortified the cockpit against access by hijackers. On an airliner, the cockpit is usually referred to as the flight deck. This term derives from its use by the RAF for the separate, upper platform where the pilot and co-pilot sat in large flying boats.
  • Cargo Cargo airlines (or airfreight carriers, and derivatives of these names) are airlines dedicated to the transport of cargo. Some cargo airlines are divisions or subsidiaries of larger passenger airlines. Air transport is a vital component of many international logistics networks, essential to managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. It is difficult or nearly impossible to accomplish any international trading, global export/import processes, international repositioning of raw materials/products and manufacturing without a professional logistical support. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging. The operating responsibility of logistics is the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories where required at the lowest cost possible.
  • Contribution Low cost airlines made it possible for middle class people also to travel by air. Because of this fact the number of people traveling by airlines increased .The low cost airlines showed by their success that the most important need of a passenger is a seat in which he can travel. The low cost airlines helps to save money in turn of less facilities. Passenger traffic load asked for the active participation of more airline companies and Because of less cost people prefer air journey above tiresome land journey across the country. This also has forced outworked railway system and forced to improve the efficiency and control facilities Low cost airlines has bring about the dream of the ordinary man to fly. This has attracted more passengers and thereby brought more income. Because of competition the airlines try to improve the standard of the customer care and hence this has brought growth in the aviation industry. This also helps to improve the economy of the country.
  •  As you all know that India is famous for tourism there are many things to see like historic places, Indian culture, temples. So many people comes to India to see this places due to domestic airlines. Low cost airlines has enhanced the efficiency and reduced the cost for Productive business activities this include small and large business able o interact and conclude business transactions and deals and deals have increased. Airlines has significantly eased the transport bottle necks for tourist business and trade travelers as well as other travelers like doctors engineers and patients. The monopoly exploitation of the passengers by public sector Air India and Indian airlines has been largely stopped by private airlines . The growth in the air line industry also invites more investments. This also helps efficient young men and women to gain jobs and thus helps to reduce unemployment.
  •  There will be jobs in sectors like ticketing agencies , air traffic , airline food supplies and airline staff training. Institutions etc. there is a discernible attitude to please the people so the quality of service improves air travel is affordable encourages large cross section of society to fly this improves the aviation industry and there by the economy of the country.
  • Cabin Crew’s daily duties & Responsibilities  As a cabin by working day will be a long and work some one. Today my flight is from Charles De Gaulle Paris International air port to London Heathrow Airport ,and it will start at seven so the day starts at 3 . A cabin crew should reach the airport 3 hours prior to the flight .  Pre – flight duties  Attending the pre-flight briefing ,during which air cabin crew are assigned heir working positions for the upcoming flight. (crew is also informed flight details the schedule and if there are passengers with any special requirements , people having diabetics and passengers on wheel chairs and infants on board
  •  Carrying out preflight works including checking of the safety equipment , ensuring that information in the seat is up to date and that all meals and stocks are on board. Check the cleanliness of the toilet and here is required stock of tissue papers and towels . There should be a fast uniform check also. In flight Welcome passengers on board and directing them to the seats. informing the passengers aircraft safety procedures and ensuring that all hand luggage is securely stored away. Checking all passenger seat belts and galleys and secure prior to take off. Making announcements on behalf of the pilot and answering passenger questions during flight. Serving meals and refreshments to passengers.
  •  Selling duty-free goods and advising passengers of any allowance restrictions in force at their destinations. Reassuring passengers and ensuring that they follow safety procedures correctly in emergency situations giving first aid to passengers where necessary. Ensuring passengers disembark safely at the end of the flight and checking that there is no luggage left in the overhead lockers. Completing paper work including flight report and accounting money. Restocking the food and toilet papers and tissues After that take a trip back to France.
  • How will You request a Doctor on Board? Ans: “Your kind attention ladies and gentlemen, if there is Doctor present among you kindly identify yourself to one of the cabin crew. Thank You.”
  • What qualities should a cabin crew posses to be anefficient cabin crew. Evaluate how you would use thesequalities to fulfill your responsibilities on board Communication Skills Positive Attitude Excellent Interpersonal Skills Genuine interest to help others Ability work under pressure Ability to stay calm Confidence Courteous Patient Adaptable
  •  Empathy Pleasing personality Friendly Nature Smart and Efficient Good Mannerism
  •  Cabin crew is considered as the brand ambassador of an airline. So the name of an airline is vested in the hands of a cabin crew. He/she is doing service to the to the passengers . So their attitude should service based and should posses the above qualities . So that They can be liked by everyone. With this qualities I will be able to carryout my tasks understand others problems and take proper decision in emergency situation.
  • Special Handling Passengers In today’s age of competition & ‘cut-throatism’ sin the Aviation industry, all airlines set out to give a very high standard of service to their passengers to retain their custom & loyalty. But amongst these passengers are a few who need a little extra attention because of their age, physical situation or their ‘status’. But by giving this ‘extra’ a cabin crew cannot afford to do any ‘less’ for the other passengers. In all these special cases the ground staff ‘hands- over’ these passengers verbally as well as with all the requisite documentation
  • * V.V.I.Ps & V.I.Ps C.I.P- Commercial Important Persons UMMs- Unaccompanied minors Infirm & Invalid Passengers Mentally challenged passengers Expectant mothers Mothers with infants & small children Deportees
  • Infirm & Invalid Passengers Wheelchair pax Few passengers need that extra attention as they are physically handicapped or are suffering from or recovering from a serious illness. In such cases: The passenger is boarded first & deplaned last. Often classified as a “wheelchair” passenger on the PIL [passenger information list], he/she is handed over to the crew in whose zone he/she is seated. Seriously ill passengers are often accompanied by a relative or a medical personnel like a doctor or a nurse. They are seated to the toilet. Many airlines have a specially designated “handicap toilet” – one that is designed with extra amenities to help such passengers.
  •  Their diet should be checked as soon as possible as very often they have a special diet uplifted that has to be served to them before the other passengers in the zone. They should be given full assistance throughout the flight till they deplane from the aircraft.
  • Analyze the above emergency equipmentunder the following headings:Name of the Parts of Pre-flight checks Usage of emergency equipmentemergency emergency of theequipment Equipments emergency equipmentMegaphone Push to talk In correct Used for crowd control button location Remove from location, sling on Sling Secured with your shoulder, hold the handle, Speaker straps keep the speaker in front of the Handle Press the ‘push mouth, press the push to talk talk button ’to button , hold it upright and speak hear a click loud and clear. sound to make sure the battery is full
  • Life vest ( yellow for Upper and lower PASSENGER SEAT Used during ditchingpassengers and chamber ,2 red : random check Put on the jacketorange for crew ) automatic inflation under the passenger over the head and tags on the sides to seat for availability tighten he straps the inflate jacket and spare life tightly around the Light that come on jackets on overhead waist, pull the red automatically when compartments automatic inflation in contact with salt CREW : tags just before water and stays on In correct location stepping out of the for next 48 hours, aircraft , if I fails to Strap to tighten Count the number inflate use the red around the waist manual tubes to Long lanyard in blow air in to it. infant lifejacket to be tied in adult life jacket.
  • Portable oxygen O2 bottle with sling In correct location Remove from locationcylinder attached to it and sling it on your Secured with straps shoulder, attach the o2 Pressure gauge Needle on the mask to the cylinder, Mask with cord pressure gauge release the o2 by attached to it should be in the rotating the knob Rotating knob to green zone not in clockwise, check the the red zone o2 flow by pinching the release oxygen base of the mask to Mask should be see it inflate or check available the red indicator moving on the cord, after confirming the o2 flow put the mask on the casualty, never leave the casualty unattended and always be ready with the back up bottle
  • First aid kit Doctors certificate In correct location Remove from the Wire seal Secured with straps location and bring near the casualty , break Doctors certificate the yellow seal and intact and not torn open the box, give the Expiry date (6 months appropriate ) medication, remove he form and fill up the Yellow plastic seal following intact ( not red seal ) 1. Name of the The number on the casualty seal must be same as 2. his/her seat number the number on the 3. Destination certificate 4. Casualties medical problem and the medication used 5. Crew name 6. I D number
  • Doctors certificate In correct location Keep one copy with Secured with straps you give another to the chief and leave the main sheet back in to the box Finally close and seal it with red seal and secure it back in the location. In case of medical emergency on board for a qualified medical practitioner on board
  • Wire seal Doctors certificate Check his or her intact and not torn credentialPhysicians kit Expiry date (6 Remove the kit from the Location and hand months ) it over to the doctor , Yellow plastic seal doctor will check the intact ( not red seal ) casualty and give The number on the appropriate medication, 1. Name of seal must be same the casualty as the number on his/her seat number the certificate Destination, casualties medical problem and the medication used by the doctor , doctors name and I D number , doctors signature, Crew name, I D number, Red plastic seal number (available in the box ) Crew signature, Keep one copy with you give another to the chief and leave the
  • Halon fire Red bottle In correct location Remove fro location,extinguisher Strap to secure Secured with straps point the nozzle at Pressure gauge Needle on pressure the base of the fire, gauge should be remove the safety Safety pin pin, squeeze he Handle between 1500 and 2000 PSI trigger for the Trigger content to release Safety pin intact ,fight the fire n Nozzle Check expiry date. sweeping motion and from a safe distance of about 8 to 10 feet, call for back up, monitor for recognition , inform the flight deck crew.
  • Water fire Green bottle In correct location Remove fro location,extinguisher Strap to secure Secured with straps point the nozzle at Nozzle Wire seal is intact the base of the fire, break the wire seal , Wire seal Check expiry date rotate the handle for Rotating handle to content to release, release oxygen fight the fire n Expiry date sweeping motion and from a safe distance of about 8 to 10 feet, call for back up, monitor for recognition , inform the flight deck crew
  • Portable radio Antenna In correct location Send signals tobeacon Lanyard Secured with straps research and rescue plastic cover team, Battery 1 . Ditching Remove from location and take it with you while exiting from the aircraft, erect the antenna , untie the lanyard and tie it to your raft, throw the beacon in to the water, the beacon is designed to float in upright position in water . When the battery comes in contact with the salt water, it activates automatically and sends signals up to 48 hours.
  • 2 . Crash landingRemove fromlocation and take itwith you whileexiting from theaircraft, erect theantenna, untie thelanyard to find aplastic cover, fill withsalt water andimmerse the beaconto send signals.(remember to keepthe antenna in theupright position andclose to the camp).
  • Fire axe Handle Check if it is the Used in case of fire Hook and location or during survival Blade (usually in the incase of a crash cockpit) Hold the handle and use the hook end to make hole and the blade to hack or cut.
  • Asbestos gloves Check if it is the Used in case fire in location the cabin (usually in the It protects the hands cockpit) from extreme heat.Smoke goggles Check if it is the Used in case of location smoke in the cabin (usually in the to protect your eyes. cockpit)Manual release key Check if it is the To open PSU and location release oxygen (usually under crew masks, if it doesn’t seat ) open automatically in case of decompression.
  • Heart Attack On Plane Disease of the heart and blood vessels. Many symptoms may be associated with a heart attack, and prompt medical attention may make the difference in damage to the heart muscle. All aircrew are trained to handle such situation during their Training.
  •  Symptoms: Tightness in the chest Squeezing type chest pain Heavy feeling on the chest Aching in the shoulder, neck, arms or jaw Nausea and/or vomiting Shortness of breath Weakness and profuse sweating Indigestion
  •  First Aid: Ask victim if he has medication and assist him in taking it. Heart patient should have nitroglycerin pills, a nitroglycerin patch, or nitroglycerin spray. The pills are to be placed under the tongue. The patch should be placed on a hairless part of the upper body. The spray should also go under the tongue. Reassure him and dont mention the words "heart attack". Administer oxygen. Loosen tight clothing. Get medical attention as soon as possible. Note time and length of attack and time between attacks if more than one. If breathing stops, begin Rescue Breathing. If breathing and pulse stop, begin CPR.
  • Critically analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the currentscenario of the aviation industry. Your presentation should conclude witthe comparison of the old technology (airbus 300 ) and new technology(airbus 380 )  ADVANTAGES:  Growth and opportunities for pilots .  Growth in service sectors.  More fat salary packets.  Everyone can afford to fly.  Better International airports are coming up.  (this is while inflation is under control and oil prices Are under control.)
  • Disadvantages(As soon as the oil prices increases inflation rates goes up) All new pilots will lost their jobs All new pilots will loose the money spend on their training All big airlines has o merge to make profits. Air tickets will not be affordable . No new aircrafts will be purchased. As a result European manufactures will suffer
  • Airbus 300 Airbus 300 is a wide bodied jet airliner. It was introduced in 1972 .the airbus A 300 was world’s first twin engine It had 216 seats in a two class layout with a maximum range of 4,070, nautical miles. Capable of carrying full passengers without penalty from high altitude airports like Denver. Latest concord technology was introduced in it . Advanced dynamically efficient flight controls . 222 m wide fuselage Section for 8 passenger seating and wide enough for 2LD3 cargo structure. Shear window protection . Electrically controlled brake system. Consumed 30 % less fuel.
  • Airbus 380 Airbus 380 is a wide bodied four engine jet airliner. It is the largest airline in the world. The upper deck extends the entire length and the cabin is 5,146 sq . It can carry 535 passengers . It can carry 10 tones of cargo . 65% less engine noise. The engine is far away from the upper deck so noise dissipates. Maximum take weight is 650 tones. It has an easy to manage system instead of three multifunctional display display units. The aluminum lamination is lighter and it resists impact and corrosion . 350 bar hydraulic bar instead of typical 210 bar . Reduced travel fatigue. Better Pressurization and less fuel usage.
  • Thank You…….