Name :Gürkan Surname:ERTEKİN No:20111110Subject:Japanese Robot Honda ASIMO Course:ENG 102
ASIMOASIMO is a humanoid robot created by Honda.Introduced in 2000, ASIMO, which is an acronymfor Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility, was createdto be a helper to people. Apparently the resemblanceto the name of Isaac Asimov is merely a coincidence.With aspirations of helping people who lack fullmobility, ASIMO is used to encourage young people tostudy science and mathematics.
At 130 cm (4 feet, 3 inches) tall and 54 kg (119lbs), ASIMO was designed to operate in real-worldenvironments, with the ability to walk or run on twofeet at speeds up to 3.7 mph (6 km/h). In theUSA, ASIMO is part of the Innoventions attractionat Disneyland and has been featured in a 15-minuteshow called "Say Hello to Hondas ASIMO" since June2005.
The robot has made public appearances around theworld, including the Consumer ElectronicsShow (CES), the Miraikan Museum andHondaCollection Hall in Japan and the ArsElectronica festival in Austria.
Development historyHonda began developing humanoid robots in the1980s, including several prototypes that precededASIMO. It was the companys goal to create a walkingrobot which could not only adapt and interact inhuman situations, but also improve the quality of life.
The E0 was the first bipedal (two-legged) modelproduced as part of the Honda E series, which was anearly experimental line of humanoid robots createdbetween 1986 and 1993. This was followed bytheHonda P series of robots produced from 1993through 1997, which included the first self-regulating, humanoid walking robot with wirelessmovements.
The research conducted on the E- and P-series led tothe creation of ASIMO. Development began atHondas Wako Fundamental Technical ResearchCenterin Japan in 1999 and ASIMO was unveiled inOctober 2000.
Differing from its predecessors, ASIMO was the first toincorporate predicted movement control, allowing forincreased joint flexibility and a smoother, morehuman-like walking motion. Introduced in 2000, thefirst version of ASIMO was designed to function in ahuman environment, which would enable it to betterassist people in real-world situations.
Since then, several updated models have beenproduced to improve upon its original abilities ofcarrying out mobility assistance tasks. A new ASIMOwas introduced in 2005, with an increased runningspeed to 3.7 mph, which is twice as fast as the originalrobotASIMO fell during an attempt to climb stairs at apresentation in Tokyo in December 2006, but then amonth later, ASIMO demonstrated tasks such askicking a football, running and walking up and down aset of stairs at the Consumer Electronics Show in LasVegas, Nevada.
In 2007, Honda updated ASIMOs intelligencetechnologies, enabling multiple ASIMO robots to worktogether in coordination.This version also introducedthe ability to step aside when humans approach therobot and the ability to return to its charging unitupon sensing low battery levels.
Features and technologyFormASIMO stands 130 cm (4 feet, 3 inches) tall and weighs54 kg (119 lbs). Research conducted by Honda foundthat the ideal height for a robot was between 120 cmand the height of an average adult, which is conduciveto operating door knobs and light switches.
ASIMO is powered by a re-chargeable 51.8V lithiumion batterywith an operating time of one hour.Switching from a nickel metal hydride in 2004increased the amount of time ASIMO can operatebefore recharging. ASIMO has a three-dimensionalcomputer processor that was created by Honda andconsists of a three stackeddie,a processor, a signalconverter and memory. The computer that controlsASIMOs movement is housed in the robots waist areaand can be controlled by a PC, wirelesscontroller, or voice commands.
AbilitiesASIMO has the ability to recognize movingobjects, postures, gestures, its surroundingenvironment, sounds and faces, which enables it tointeract with humans. The robot can detect themovements of multiple objects by using visualinformation captured by two camera "eyes" in its headand also determine distance and direction.
This feature allows ASIMO to follow a person, or facehim or her when approached. The robot interpretsvoice commands and human handmovements, enabling it to recognize whena handshake is offered or when a person waves orpoints, and then respond accordingly.
ASIMOs ability to distinguish between voices andother sounds allows it to identify its companions.ASIMO is able to respond to its name and recognizessounds associated with a falling object or collision.This allows the robot to face a person when spoken toor look towards a sound. ASIMO responds to questionsby nodding or providing a verbal answer and canrecognize approximately 10 different faces and addressthem by name.
MobilityASIMO has a walking speed of 1.7 mph (2.7 km/hour)and a running speed of 3.7 mph (6km/hour). Itsmovements are determined by floor reaction controland target Zero Moment Point control, which enablesthe robot to keep a firm stance and maintain position.
ASIMO can adjust the length of its steps, bodyposition, speed and the direction in which it isstepping. Its arms, hands, legs, waist and neck alsohave varying degrees of movement.The technologythat allows the robot to maintain its balance was laterused by Honda when it began the research anddevelopment project for its motorized unicycle, U3-X, in 2009. ASIMO has a total of 34 degrees offreedom.
The neck, shoulder, wrist and hip joints each havethree degrees of freedom, while each hand has fourfingers and a thumb that have two degrees of freedom.Each ankle has two degrees of freedom, and thewaist, knees and elbows each have one degree offreedom.
Impact and technologiesHondas work with ASIMO led to its later research onwalking assist devices that resulted ininnovations, such as the Stride Management Assistand the Bodyweight Support Assist.
In honor of ASIMOs 10th anniversary in November2010, Honda developed an application forthe iPhone and Android smartphones called "Run withASIMO." Users learn about the development ofASIMO by virtually walking the robot through thesteps of a race and then sharing their lap times onTwitter and Facebook.