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Research Sources & Techniques

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  • 1. Research Sources & Techniques
    By Gina Singh
  • 2. Research Sources
    SEARCH TOOL:
    LIBRARY CATALOG
    ENCYCLOPEDIAS
    Provide short entries/articles for an overview of the topic and its main
    ideas .
    SEARCH TOOL:
    PERIODICAL DATABASE
    BOOKS
    Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic.
    (Example: Case study books, textbooks)
    JOURNAL ARTICLES
    Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
  • 3. Research Sources
    NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
    Very brief news reports that focus on current events or topics currently in the news.
    SEARCH TOOL:
    PERIODICAL DATABASE
    MAGAZINE ARTICLES
    As short as encyclopedia articles, but instead of an overview, magazines narrow the focus to one or two specific aspects of a topic.
  • 4. Types of Resources
    Scholarly Sources
    It has abstract in the beginning
    It may have a list of keyword
    Article has a research problem
    Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past
    Has a purpose statement
    Has research question and hypothesis
    Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research
    Has a conclusion at the end
    Has a bibliography or reference list at the end
    Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.
    Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.
    Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred.
    Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.
    Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm
  • 5. Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals
    Scholarly Journals
    Audience: Experts in the field, students
    Lengthy, technical language
    Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed
    Peer-reviewed
    Look: Graphs, charts, statistical data, plain cover
    References at the end
    Examples: Child Development, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc.
    Magazines
    Audience: Large group of people
    Brief, non-technical language
    Author is journalist or freelance writer
    Look: Graphics, images, advertising
    No references
    Examples: Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated etc.
  • 6. Background Research
    Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down.
    Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannicaand Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online.
    Go to Research Paper Topics on library homepage for topic selection
    Go to The Research Paper: Ten Steps to Researching it Right for additional help.
    Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers.
    Is the information relevant?
    Identify search terms
    Is the information from a legitimate source?
  • 7. Additional Help
    For more on primary & secondary sources:
    http://lib1.bmcc.cuny.edu/help/sources.html
    Spotting Bias in news: http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/handouts/broadcast_news/bw_bias_in_the_news.cfm
    Tania Shabelnik Libguide: http://libguides.riohondo.edu/evaluatingwebsites
  • 8. Narrow Your Topic
    Who?
    What?
    Which?
    When?
    Where?
    Why?
    Source: OSU Tutorial from liblearn.osu.edu/courses/english110/old%20stuff/narrow_topic.ppt
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Start Research from the library homepage
    FIND BOOKS
    FIND JOURNAL, MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
  • 13. Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources
    PROQUEST
    RESEARCH LIBRARY
    (Journal Articles)
    LIBRARY CATALOG
    (Books)
  • 14. For & Against Viewpoints
    Issues & Controversies Database
    Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context
  • 15. Access Rio for Off Campus Use
  • 16. Where to Search
    For Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/
    For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, Gale Reference Library.
    Off Campus Users: Access Rio
    For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies
    Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage http://library.riohondo.edu/
    For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies
    For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context
    For Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/
    For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at http://news.google.com/archivesearch
    For Statistics data & charts: Social Science Database
    For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database
    Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar
    For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at http://library.riohondo.edu/Research_Help/Periodical%20Holdings%20List%20-%202010-2011.pdf (Check out the listings by subject in the end).
  • 17. Citation Help
    In the Library:
    • Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
    • 18. Handouts: Available at the reference desk & given during orientation
    Online:
    • Son of Citation Machine
    http://citationmachine.net/
    • Easy Bib
    http://www.easybib.com/
    IMP: Always double check your citations with the handbook or the handouts given to you in the library. DONOT rely on online citation generators for correct and accurate citations.