Sharing & downloading objects?
The future of Open Design
 and Personal Fabrication
 Prof. dr. Frederik Questier, Vrije Uni...
This presentation can be found at
             http://questier.com
http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
Belgium
Brussels
Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B
Bruges
The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568
Carnaval de Binche
Student folklore
Country of 1000 beers
My background
➢   Teaching courses:
    ➢   Educational Technologies
    ➢   Learning Technologies
    ➢   Virtual Learning Environments...
My research interests




                        20
Research and Innovation Director




                                   21
“On the Internet,
    nobody
     knows
  you're a dog”

 Peter Steiner
  New Yorker
     2000


                 22
In China:

   “On the Internet,
      everybody
        knows
     you're a dog”




      This vision
    might be closer...
Transparency   versus   Privacy
                                  24
"In the knowledge economy,
               the best strategy is
      to overinvest in connecting power.


      Competitiv...
On the Internet everybody
    can contribute as
               artist
             teacher
            publisher
         ...
"The most fundamental way
  of helping other people,
     is to teach people
   how to do things better
 or how to better ...
Free Software
The freedom to
➢


    ➢   use
    ➢   study
    ➢   improve
    ➢   redistribute
        the program


    ...
The software Freedoms
           require access to the source code


Source code:     if encrypt(password) == encryptedpas...
30
Creating wealth by sharing
         "Seven open source business strategies for competitive advantage”
                    ...
32
33
Creative Commons

   Share what you want,
    keep what you want




                          34
www.creativecommons.org




                          35
36
37
Frederik Questier at the MIT Miracle of Science Bar, 2009   38
39
40
You will have to
 compete with
   the world!




                   41
You will have to
    compete with
     amateurs!
  An enthusiastic amateur beats
      a bored professional


 “Karl Marx ...
You will have to
 compete with
     free!




                   43
What can professionals do?




         Embrace or Die !
44
Open
  micro-
controllers




              45
Arduino based airplanes




                          46
OpenMoko Neo 1973

   Open Design
  Open Hardware
Open Source Software




                       47
“Rally Fighter” from Local Motors
Crowd-sourced Open Source design




                                     48
Open Fab Labs in > 45 cities




                               49
50
51
52
53
RepRap
50% self-replicating
 50% off the shelf
 350€ = 3000RMB




                       54
55
56
57
58
59
Producing Open Source Software
costs time

Producing Open Source Hardware
                                 Challenge: how ...
61
How to make money with
    Open Source Hardware or Design?
➢   OSH Business Models
    ➢   sell consultancy
    ➢   sell t...
Similar revolutions?
➢   Personal computing
➢   Personal manufacturing

➢   Desktop computing
➢   Desktop manufacturing


...
Far Future? Star Trek Replicators




                                    64
DARE
TO SHARE




           65
Copyright acknowledgements
➢   Belgium in EU Map CC-by-sa by NuclearVacuum
➢   Belgium map, Public Domain
➢   The Peasant ...
Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective
...
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
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Sharing and downloading objects the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920

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F. Questier, Sharing and downloading objects? The future of Open Design and Personal Fabrication, Guest lecture at Tianjin Aacdemy of Fine Arts, Tianjin, China, 20/10/2010

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Sharing and downloading objects the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920

  1. Sharing & downloading objects? The future of Open Design and Personal Fabrication Prof. dr. Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Guest lecture at Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts, 16/10/2010
  2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  3. Belgium
  4. Brussels
  5. Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B
  6. Bruges
  7. The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568
  8. Carnaval de Binche
  9. Student folklore
  10. Country of 1000 beers
  11. My background
  12. ➢ Teaching courses: ➢ Educational Technologies ➢ Learning Technologies ➢ Virtual Learning Environments ➢ E-learning design ➢ Departments ➢ Interdisciplinary Teacher Training ➢ Educational Sciences ➢ Former head of center for ➢ Education innovation ➢ Teacher staff training ➢ Virtual learning Environment
  13. My research interests 20
  14. Research and Innovation Director 21
  15. “On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog” Peter Steiner New Yorker 2000 22
  16. In China: “On the Internet, everybody knows you're a dog” This vision might be closer to 2010 Internet reality! 23
  17. Transparency versus Privacy 24
  18. "In the knowledge economy, the best strategy is to overinvest in connecting power. Competitive advantage accrues to those who invest more than their competitors to connect to more people and share knowledge faster and farther." --Jim Botkin, Smart Business: How Knowledge Communities Can Revolutionize Your Company 25
  19. On the Internet everybody can contribute as artist teacher publisher journalist broadcaster programmer photographer industrial designer ... Both professional and amateur... 26
  20. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 27
  21. Free Software The freedom to ➢ ➢ use ➢ study ➢ improve ➢ redistribute the program 28
  22. The software Freedoms require access to the source code Source code: if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, end Compiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 29
  23. 30
  24. Creating wealth by sharing "Seven open source business strategies for competitive advantage” John Koenig, IT Manager's Journal, 2004 “Companies continue to waste their development dollars on software functionality that is otherwise free and available through Open Source. They persist in buying third-party proprietary platforms or creating their own proprietary development platforms that deliver marginal product differentiation and limited value to customers” Picture reproduced with permission 31
  25. 32
  26. 33
  27. Creative Commons Share what you want, keep what you want 34
  28. www.creativecommons.org 35
  29. 36
  30. 37
  31. Frederik Questier at the MIT Miracle of Science Bar, 2009 38
  32. 39
  33. 40
  34. You will have to compete with the world! 41
  35. You will have to compete with amateurs! An enthusiastic amateur beats a bored professional “Karl Marx was perhaps the original prophet of the Professional Amateurs economy: labour – forced, unspontaneous and waged work – would be superseded by self-activity” 42
  36. You will have to compete with free! 43
  37. What can professionals do? Embrace or Die ! 44
  38. Open micro- controllers 45
  39. Arduino based airplanes 46
  40. OpenMoko Neo 1973 Open Design Open Hardware Open Source Software 47
  41. “Rally Fighter” from Local Motors Crowd-sourced Open Source design 48
  42. Open Fab Labs in > 45 cities 49
  43. 50
  44. 51
  45. 52
  46. 53
  47. RepRap 50% self-replicating 50% off the shelf 350€ = 3000RMB 54
  48. 55
  49. 56
  50. 57
  51. 58
  52. 59
  53. Producing Open Source Software costs time Producing Open Source Hardware Challenge: how to get the money? costs time and money 60
  54. 61
  55. How to make money with Open Source Hardware or Design? ➢ OSH Business Models ➢ sell consultancy ➢ sell training ➢ sell custom designs ➢ sell distributions of designs (nicely packaged) ➢ sell the manufactured objects, while keeping ahead of competition ➢ sell software tools for design ➢ sell hardware tools ➢ dual licensing ➢ advertizements 62
  56. Similar revolutions? ➢ Personal computing ➢ Personal manufacturing ➢ Desktop computing ➢ Desktop manufacturing 63
  57. Far Future? Star Trek Replicators 64
  58. DARE TO SHARE 65
  59. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Belgium in EU Map CC-by-sa by NuclearVacuum ➢ Belgium map, Public Domain ➢ The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568 ➢ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asterix_in_Belgium.jpg ➢ Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B ➢ Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-sa by Emilio Garcia ➢ Gilles de Binche CC-by-nc-nd by Fabrice Huin ➢ Saxophone CC-by-nc-nd by Bruno Bollaert ➢ Graspop Metal Meeting Festival 2008 CC-by-sa by Jtesla16 ➢ Pralines, screenshot Neuhaus website ➢ Moules frites: CC-by-nc-sa by poluz – Nicola ➢ Belgian Beers: CC-by-nc-sa by Adam Lang ➢ Brussels Waffle CC-by-sa by David Monniaux ➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/ ➢ Tax Shelter screenshot, http://minfin.fgov.be/portail2/belinvest/en/taxshelter/presentation.htm ➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!) ➢ Embrace CC by Robbert van der Steeg ➢ Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ Screenshot http://diydrones.com/ ➢ Star Trek Replicator http://memory-alpha.org/wiki/File:Coffee_replicates_then_mug.jpg Copyright Paramount Pictures and/or CBS Studios ➢ Share Candle Light CC-by-nc by Mr.Tea Stephen Train ➢ Social Network CC-by by Frederik Questier
  60. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Comments? 谢谢 See also http://questier.com 67

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