Sharing and downloading objects   the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920
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F. Questier, Sharing and downloading objects? The future of Open Design and Personal Fabrication, Guest lecture at Tianjin Aacdemy of Fine Arts, Tianjin, China, 20/10/2010

F. Questier, Sharing and downloading objects? The future of Open Design and Personal Fabrication, Guest lecture at Tianjin Aacdemy of Fine Arts, Tianjin, China, 20/10/2010

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Sharing and downloading objects the future of open design and personal fabrication - questier 20100920 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Sharing & downloading objects? The future of Open Design and Personal Fabrication Prof. dr. Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Guest lecture at Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts, 16/10/2010
  • 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  • 3. Belgium
  • 4. Brussels
  • 5. Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B
  • 6. Bruges
  • 7. The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568
  • 8. Carnaval de Binche
  • 9. Student folklore
  • 10. Country of 1000 beers
  • 11. My background
  • 12. ➢ Teaching courses: ➢ Educational Technologies ➢ Learning Technologies ➢ Virtual Learning Environments ➢ E-learning design ➢ Departments ➢ Interdisciplinary Teacher Training ➢ Educational Sciences ➢ Former head of center for ➢ Education innovation ➢ Teacher staff training ➢ Virtual learning Environment
  • 13. My research interests 20
  • 14. Research and Innovation Director 21
  • 15. “On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog” Peter Steiner New Yorker 2000 22
  • 16. In China: “On the Internet, everybody knows you're a dog” This vision might be closer to 2010 Internet reality! 23
  • 17. Transparency versus Privacy 24
  • 18. "In the knowledge economy, the best strategy is to overinvest in connecting power. Competitive advantage accrues to those who invest more than their competitors to connect to more people and share knowledge faster and farther." --Jim Botkin, Smart Business: How Knowledge Communities Can Revolutionize Your Company 25
  • 19. On the Internet everybody can contribute as artist teacher publisher journalist broadcaster programmer photographer industrial designer ... Both professional and amateur... 26
  • 20. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach people how to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other words the programs you run." 27
  • 21. Free Software The freedom to ➢ ➢ use ➢ study ➢ improve ➢ redistribute the program 28
  • 22. The software Freedoms require access to the source code Source code: if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, end Compiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 29
  • 23. 30
  • 24. Creating wealth by sharing "Seven open source business strategies for competitive advantage” John Koenig, IT Manager's Journal, 2004 “Companies continue to waste their development dollars on software functionality that is otherwise free and available through Open Source. They persist in buying third-party proprietary platforms or creating their own proprietary development platforms that deliver marginal product differentiation and limited value to customers” Picture reproduced with permission 31
  • 25. 32
  • 26. 33
  • 27. Creative Commons Share what you want, keep what you want 34
  • 28. www.creativecommons.org 35
  • 29. 36
  • 30. 37
  • 31. Frederik Questier at the MIT Miracle of Science Bar, 2009 38
  • 32. 39
  • 33. 40
  • 34. You will have to compete with the world! 41
  • 35. You will have to compete with amateurs! An enthusiastic amateur beats a bored professional “Karl Marx was perhaps the original prophet of the Professional Amateurs economy: labour – forced, unspontaneous and waged work – would be superseded by self-activity” 42
  • 36. You will have to compete with free! 43
  • 37. What can professionals do? Embrace or Die ! 44
  • 38. Open micro- controllers 45
  • 39. Arduino based airplanes 46
  • 40. OpenMoko Neo 1973 Open Design Open Hardware Open Source Software 47
  • 41. “Rally Fighter” from Local Motors Crowd-sourced Open Source design 48
  • 42. Open Fab Labs in > 45 cities 49
  • 43. 50
  • 44. 51
  • 45. 52
  • 46. 53
  • 47. RepRap 50% self-replicating 50% off the shelf 350€ = 3000RMB 54
  • 48. 55
  • 49. 56
  • 50. 57
  • 51. 58
  • 52. 59
  • 53. Producing Open Source Software costs time Producing Open Source Hardware Challenge: how to get the money? costs time and money 60
  • 54. 61
  • 55. How to make money with Open Source Hardware or Design? ➢ OSH Business Models ➢ sell consultancy ➢ sell training ➢ sell custom designs ➢ sell distributions of designs (nicely packaged) ➢ sell the manufactured objects, while keeping ahead of competition ➢ sell software tools for design ➢ sell hardware tools ➢ dual licensing ➢ advertizements 62
  • 56. Similar revolutions? ➢ Personal computing ➢ Personal manufacturing ➢ Desktop computing ➢ Desktop manufacturing 63
  • 57. Far Future? Star Trek Replicators 64
  • 58. DARE TO SHARE 65
  • 59. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Belgium in EU Map CC-by-sa by NuclearVacuum ➢ Belgium map, Public Domain ➢ The Peasant Wedding by Pieter Bruegel the elder 1568 ➢ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Asterix_in_Belgium.jpg ➢ Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-nc-sa by fatboyke Luc B ➢ Atomium building © www.atomium.be - SABAM 2010; photo CC-by-sa by Emilio Garcia ➢ Gilles de Binche CC-by-nc-nd by Fabrice Huin ➢ Saxophone CC-by-nc-nd by Bruno Bollaert ➢ Graspop Metal Meeting Festival 2008 CC-by-sa by Jtesla16 ➢ Pralines, screenshot Neuhaus website ➢ Moules frites: CC-by-nc-sa by poluz – Nicola ➢ Belgian Beers: CC-by-nc-sa by Adam Lang ➢ Brussels Waffle CC-by-sa by David Monniaux ➢ Screenshot http://www.chamilo.org/ ➢ Tax Shelter screenshot, http://minfin.fgov.be/portail2/belinvest/en/taxshelter/presentation.htm ➢ Figure study CC-by-nc-sa by Tony2 (NOT IN USE!) ➢ Embrace CC by Robbert van der Steeg ➢ Question! CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ Screenshot http://diydrones.com/ ➢ Star Trek Replicator http://memory-alpha.org/wiki/File:Coffee_replicates_then_mug.jpg Copyright Paramount Pictures and/or CBS Studios ➢ Share Candle Light CC-by-nc by Mr.Tea Stephen Train ➢ Social Network CC-by by Frederik Questier
  • 60. Active/Manipulative - Collaborative - Complex - Constructive - Contextualized - Conversational - Intentional - Reflective Questions? Comments? 谢谢 See also http://questier.com 67