TOD and its Inclusion in the Master Plan - Mringanka Saxena, UTTIPEC

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SESSION 2B - ‘Connecting People to Cities’ – Redefining Masterplans

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  • Only 23% of the city’s people own motor vehicles (car/2-wheeler). Yet almost all infrastructure investments in the city are made for this minority.
  • Only 23% of the city’s people own motor vehicles (car/2-wheeler). Yet almost all infrastructure investments in the city are made for this minority.
  • Only 23% of the city’s people own motor vehicles (car/2-wheeler). Yet almost all infrastructure investments in the city are made for this minority.
  • Only 23% of the city’s people own motor vehicles (car/2-wheeler). Yet almost all infrastructure investments in the city are made for this minority.
  • Only 23% of the city’s people own motor vehicles (car/2-wheeler). Yet almost all infrastructure investments in the city are made for this minority.
  • Only 23% of the city’s people own motor vehicles (car/2-wheeler). Yet almost all infrastructure investments in the city are made for this minority.
  • TOD and its Inclusion in the Master Plan - Mringanka Saxena, UTTIPEC

    1. 1. TOD and its inclusion in the Masterplan – TheCase of the NCT in DelhiMriganka Saxena, Sr. Consultant, United Traffic &Transportation Infrastructure (Planning & Engineering)Center (UTTIPEC), Delhi Development Authority
    2. 2. Private modes27%Public modes38%Walk35%BICYCLE4% CAR/TAXI9%2W14%BUS27%METRO3%TRAIN (IR)1%AUTO RICKSHAW5%CYCLE RICKSHAW2%WALK35%
    3. 3. Private modes27%Public modes38%Walk35%BICYCLE4% CAR/TAXI9%2W14%BUS27%METRO3%TRAIN (IR)1%AUTO RICKSHAW5%CYCLE RICKSHAW2%WALK35%
    4. 4. Private modes27%Public modes38%Walk35%BICYCLE4% CAR/TAXI9%2W14%BUS27%METRO3%TRAIN (IR)1%AUTO RICKSHAW5%CYCLE RICKSHAW2%WALK35%
    5. 5. ContextDelhi-PollutionVehicularEmissionIndustrialEmissionOther SourcesPollution same as that before CNGVehicle pollution - 3 times of industrialpollutionVehicles are major cause ofrespiratory fatalities.21 people die of respiratory diseasesin capital every dayInformation Source:Miscellaneous new paperclippings and Delhi MasterPlan
    6. 6. Image Source: Google satellite imageryABHow to go fromA to B?
    7. 7. Image Source: Google satellite imageryABHow to go fromA to B?
    8. 8. 5722217646 59970100200300400500600700
    9. 9. SAFETY ISSUE LINGERS…1. Outer Road2. Mathura Road3. Sri FortAuditorium4. Panchsheel Marg5. Dhaula Kuan6. Janakpuri7. Mongolpuri8.Pitampura9.BadarpurBorder10.Rani Bagh11.Timarpur
    10. 10. Woman’s body found inNehru PlaceTIMES NEWS NETWORKNew Delhi: The body of awoman, believed to be in hertwenties, was found barely 500m fromNehru Place Metro station on Tuesday.The woman was in a semi-nude stateand bore injury marks on the neck.
    11. 11. ??••••
    12. 12. This figure illustrates the self-reinforcing cycle of increased automobile dependency and sprawl.
    13. 13. 15 min WalkBus/ MRTSStopImage Source: Internet
    14. 14. Nehru Place Delhi - Now© UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    15. 15. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development AuthorityNehru Place Delhi - Now
    16. 16. NMT Zone area= 65512.95 Ha ( 44.1 % of Delhi*)TOD Standard Zone = 27369.22 Ha (18.45 % of Delhi* )Intense TOD = 10279.96 Ha (6.9% of Delhi*)* Area of Delhi = 148300.0 Ha (as per MPD)
    17. 17. ••
    18. 18. ••
    19. 19. http://uttipec.nic.in/StreetGuidelines-R1-Feb2011-UTTPEC-DDA.pdfContents• Street hierarchy of Delhi• Minimum walking zone• Universal accessibility• Multi Functional Zone• Bicycle and NMT Infrastructure• Crossings• Medians, Refuge Islands• Street Lighting• Urban Utilities• Public Amenities• Traffic Calming Measure• Public Art, Street Furniture andEducative Signage
    20. 20. Rail/ MetroBRTInterchange7 min walk
    21. 21. UNSAFE
    22. 22. 
    23. 23. 65Pedestrian is highestpriority
    24. 24. Source: Storm Water Guidelines, OASIS Design INC.IPT ParkingShuttle Service Pedestrian-WalkwayPrivate CarPick Up/Drop off Bus Stop
    25. 25. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority© UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    26. 26. 19.6.4 MODAL – SHIFT Oct, 2012 UTTIPEC I DDAPedestrian/NMT ZoneMulti Modal IntegrationNMT/IPT on streetParkingShared Parking desirableNMT/IPT on streetParkingShared Parking ZoneINTENSETODSTANDARDTODTRANSITIONTOD
    27. 27. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    28. 28. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    29. 29. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    30. 30. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    31. 31. Facing Street Right-of-Way Minimum Percent of Building Street Wall (Frontage) at Setback Line1 R/Ws of 24m and above 85%2 R/Ws below 24m 75%BA+B_ X 100 = 85%A+B+C
    32. 32. Facing Street Right-of-Way Minimum Percent of Building Street Wall (Frontage) at Setback Line1 R/Ws of 24m and above 85%2 R/Ws below 24m 75%A+B_ X 100 = 75%A+B+C
    33. 33. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    34. 34. Intense ZoneNMT ZoneStandard Zone© UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    35. 35. HIGH DENSITY- MIX OF HIGH AND LOW RISE TOD AREA© UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    36. 36. HIGH DENSITY- MIX OF MID AND LOW RISE TOD AREA© UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    37. 37. HIGH DENSITY- LOW RISE TOD AREA© UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    38. 38. © UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority
    39. 39. ±
    40. 40. TOD Mixed Use ZoneHousing(30%)Commercial/Instituional(30%)Other(40%)20%(C+I)30%(R)50%20%50%
    41. 41. 30%5%10%15%
    42. 42. Current practice:Stormwater recharged to ground without primary treatment.
    43. 43. Parking Lot SwalesLarge Canopy TreesEcoroofPervious Paving
    44. 44. MCDMCDSELFGENERATEDSELFGENERATED
    45. 45. PotableTankSewageTreatmentFacilitiesSustainable Effluentdischarge system towetland / riverFurtherTreatmentfor re-useNon-PotableTankPotable Use• Internal taps• Showers & baths• WashingNon-Potable Use• Toilet Flushing• Cleaning/ IrrigationCombined orSeparate Grey Water/ Black WaterCollectionRainfallDJB mainS l u d g e d i s p o s a l
    46. 46. Buildings (and preferably also streets) should be oriented such that all habitableareas of Residential buildings are oriented to face North-South (within 15°) direction.Energy: At Site level:
    47. 47. All dwelling units should get minimum 2-hour solar access in at least onehabitable area (living room, bedroom or private open space) on the shortest winterday of Dec 21 (Winter Solstice).At Building level, the following Solar Access Regulations need to be followed:Microclimate of public streets:Narrow streets provide shading and air movement – and thereforegreater comfort for pedestrians. Spacing between buildings should beenough to allow daylight access to all homes.Energy: At Site level:
    48. 48. All residential buildings shall be single-loaded i.e. each unit should face the exterior, in two oppositedirections. No double-loaded corridor buildings are permissible in TODs. Openings shall be locatedsuitably to allow for natural ventilation and daylighting of habitable rooms and access to open air forall rooms including toilets and kitchens.Double loaded housingMaximize Cross Ventilation for Units byappropriate design of unit plans (providewindows and openings appropriately)Single aspect housingEnergy: At Site level:At Building level, the following Solar Access Regulations need to be followed:
    49. 49. No building floor-plate depth it to be more than 16 mMax16mOffice buildingEnergy: At Site level:At Building level, the following Solar Access Regulations need to be followed:
    50. 50. No “row-type” building (floor plate longer than 30 M) will be permitted to go higher than 15 metres.To utilize FAR, only towers with be permitted, in conjunction with 15m high “row-type” buildings.Energy:At Building level, the following Solar Access Regulations need to be followed:
    51. 51. • Tower dimensions may not exceed 30 m in any direction.• Spacing between two towers should not be less than 30M.Energy:At Building level, the following Solar Access Regulations need to be followed :
    52. 52. A. Urban Design Framework PlanZonal Development Plan RoadsBRT DelhiSource: Wall Street Journal, Delhi1. Overall Framework for : Movement Structure Street Hierarchy Landscape Structure
    53. 53. CommercialResidentialCivic
    54. 54. — Vertical mix of uses foreach TOD parcelindicating location ofcivic amenities withinmixed –use blocks. Toinclude location of‘unbundled’ parkingsites for shared use.— Location and numbers of short andlong term parking spaces1800ECSNOPublic ParkingFacility1450ECS500 ECSUnbundled Parking
    55. 55. POWER WASTE WATERWATERDEMANDWATERINGGREENSDRINKINGFLUSHINGWASHINGIRRIGATIONSUPPLYFROMYAMUNAREUSERECHARGESTORERECYCLE
    56. 56. STREETLOBBYPARKINGRESIDENTIALSERVICE CORECOMMERCIAL
    57. 57. ———
    58. 58. —•
    59. 59. A. Urban Design Framework PlanZonal Development Plan RoadsBRT DelhiSource: Wall Street Journal, Delhi
    60. 60. 19.5. INFLUENCE ZONE PLAN
    61. 61. TransportDepartmentTrafficPoliceNGOs &ProfessionalsIrrigation &FloodControlDMRCDTCDIMTSMaintenanceAgenciesArchitectsUrban DesignersPlannersEnvironmentDepartmentDMCLocalArea PlansDevelopersNGOs &AffordablehousingexpertsReal EstateProfessionalsPlanningAuthorityDDADemocratic &TransparentEasy to getaroundInfra’ctureServiceprovidersPrivateTransportprovidersSafeCommunityBhagidariGroupsClean GreenUsableRoadOwningAgencyCivicpride
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