Introduction to Delhi
History of Delhi
Forts and monuments
Delhi, known locally as Dilli and by the official name
National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is the largest
metropolis by area and the second-largest metropolis by
population in India. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the
world by population with more than 12.25 million inhabitants in
It is the capital of India and its political and cultural center.
Located on the banks of the River Yamuna, Delhi has been
continuously inhabited since at least the 6th century BCE.
Delhi is located at 28.61 N 77.23 E, and
lies in Northern India.
It borders the Indian states of Haryana on
the north, west and south and Uttar
Pradesh (UP) to the east.
The Hindon River separates Ghaziabad
from the eastern part of Delhi
Delhi has the third highest quantity of trees
among Indian cities. Delhi was one of the
ten most polluted cities in the world.
Delhi won the United States Department
of Energy's first 'Clean Cities International
Partner of the Year' award for its "bold
efforts to curb air pollution and support
alternative fuel initiatives".
According to Indian folklore, Delhi was the site of the magnificent and
opulent Indraprastha, capital of the Pandavas in the Indian
epic Mahabharata, founded around 3500 BC.
It was, one of the five prasthas or `plains', which
included Sonepat, Panipat, Tilpat (near Faridabad), and Baghpat. 16thcentury, Persian historian, Firishta, recorded a tradition that Delhi or Dilli
was founded by a Raja Dhilu before the Yavana (Greek) invasions.
However, it should be noted that the kings then referred to the
initial Muslim invaders as Yavanas
The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history, including a history as
the capital of several empires.
In the mid-16th century
there was an interruption
in the Mughal rule of
India as Sher Shah
Suri defeated Babur's
son Humayun and forced
him to flee
toAfghanistan and Persia.
Sher Shah Suri built the sixth
city of Delhi, as well as the old
fort known as Purana
Qila, Islam Shah ruled from
Delhi till 1553 when Hindu
king Hem Chandra
Vikramaditya, also called Hemu,
became the Prime Minister and
Chief of Army of Adil Shah.
After defeating Akbar's army on
7 October 1556 at Tughlakabad
fort area, Hemu acceded to Delhi
throne and established Hindu Raj
in North India for a brief period,
and was bestowed with the title
'Samrat Hem Chandra
Vikramaditya', at his coronation
in Purana Quila, Delhi.
This solemn monument was built in memory
of the 90,000 Indian soldiers who died in
World War I.
It was built in 1931, designed by Lutyens,
and was originally called the All India War
The names of the soldiers are inscribed
on the walls of the arc of the gate. Later
in 1971, an eternal flame was lit here in
memory of the unknown soldiers who
died in the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war.
The highest stone tower in India, the Qutub
Minar was built by Qutbuddin Aibak
(1192).It was built to celebrate Ghori's
victory over the Rajputs.
The Minar is a five-storey building with a
height of 72.5 metres. The first storey of the
Qutb Minar was completed in the lifetime of
Qutbuddin. His son-in-law and successor,
Iltumush, added the next three storeys.
Within the complex, is the famous Iron
Pillar which has stood for millennia
Qutb Minar is a successful tribute to
The Red Fort, with a circumference of over 2.2 kilometers, was laid out by the
banks of the Yamuna river in the 17th century.
The Mughal emperor Shajahan built it.
Imagine the Naqqar Khana (Drum room) also called Naubat Khana (Welcome
Room), where once drums loudly heralded the arrival of the emperor and the
Diwan-e-Am (Hall of Public Audience) resounded with the incantations of the
Amazing, isn't it? There's more to see Mumtaz Mahal, Rang Mahal (Palace of
Colours), Khas Mahal (Emperor's Palace),
Diwan-e Khas (Hall of Private Audience),
the Hammam (bathing area) and Shah
The house that houses the President of India and the
house that boasts of having welcomed the most
powerful men in history. The Rashtrapati Bhavan was
designed by Edwin Lutyens and built in 1931.
Originally called the Viceroy's House
It has 340 rooms, 37 salons, 74 lobbies and loggias, 18
staircases and 37 fountains. The most magnificent
room in the Rashtrapati Bhavan is the Durbar Hall,
which lies directly beneath the main dome. All
important Indian State and Official ceremonies are
Mughal garden of Rashtrapati Bhavan, is the famous and beautifully
landscaped Mughal Gardens. The garden is famous as the 'Butterfly Garden'
for the numerous butterflies that visit the varied flowers. The garden is
open to the public in February. A wide variety of lilies,the China oranges,
If you are an astronomy buff then Delhi has something for you. Jantar Mantar - the
18th century observatory. Sawai Jai Singh II built it in 1724 when commissioned by
the then Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah. And this is a piece of engineering and
scientific brilliance. The Jantar Mantar in Delhi is one of the five observatories that
Jai Singh built in Jaipur, Varanasi, Ujjain and Mathura.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India.
Founded in 1919, the Parliament alone possesses legislative supremacy and
thereby ultimate power over all political bodies in India
The Parliament of India comprises the President and the two Houses,
Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States)
Akshardham Temple is a
magnificent Hindu shrine
located on the banks of
River Yamuna .The building
is constructed entirely from
Pink Sandstone and Italian
marble, without any
concrete or steel .The
magnanimous structure and
the backdrop of River
Yamuna, render the temple
a masterpiece of art
This magnificent temple has been constructed by International Society
for Krishna Consciousness, an organization dedicated to the worship and
propagation of Lord Krishna
The Baháí House of Worship is popularly
known as the Lotus Temple due to its
flowerlike shape. The temple was built by
a Persian architect, Fariborz Sahba and was
completed in 1986
Inspired by the lotus flower, the design for
the House of Worship is composed of 27
free- standing marble clad "petals"
arranged in clusters of three to form nine
Established in 1951, and named in honour of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan .
One of the most chic and classy shopping markets of the capital city.
Some of the best things about this market is its interesting book shops and
Khan Chachas kebabs are worth a visit
It is one of the narrowest, busiest and most prosperous trading centers of Delhi.
The lanes of Chandini Chowk are divided into bazaars with different areas of
specialization for fabrics, head to Katra Neel ,Dariba Kalan is Old Delhis ancient
silver market, full of silver jewelry. It is well known for typical Delhi foods
Janpath is famous for silver and inexpensive jewellery . It is the perfect for
buying the latest fashion goods at cheap prices . One thing to remember
while shopping at Janpath is to bargain as much as you can. There is no
limit to how low you can get the prices.
Dilli Haat is spread over an area of approximately 6 acres and has a typical
traditional Indian village look to boast of An exotic variety of handicrafts and
handlooms ranging from intricate woodcarvings to embellished camel hide
footwear, to sophisticated fabric and drapery, to gems and beads to metal crafts
offers an amalgamation of handicrafts, food and cultural activities
THE DELHI FOOD
very delicious chaat, boiled potatoes (aloo) are cubed, fried, and
spiced up, then served hot with toothpicks.
This street chaat, or snack, is a golden-fried potato (aloo) patty,
often stuffed with something with peas and served with a
variety of spicy chutneys, and chole (chickpeas)
Chole bhature is a Punjabi concoction of spicy curried chickpeas
(chole) and puffy fried white-flour bread (bhature), (it’s also
known as chana bhatura).
The perfect cooling chaat—and stomach soother—on a hot Delhi
day, dahi bhalla consists of creamy dahi and bhalla, bready fried
lentil fritters (usually of urad dal).
This very popular chaat,spicy, crunchy, saucy, all in one explosive
bite-size package. Also widely known as pani puri, it consists of a
round hollow, crispy that’s filled with potato, chickpea, and flavored
water, usually tamarind and/or mint
A popular dessert A popular dessert gulab jamuns are little goldenbrown balls made of milk solids and flour, that are deep-fried,
coated in a sugary syrup, and served warm.
Moong dal halwa come in many shapes, flavors, and textures. It
is made from ground and sweetened mung beans cooked in ghee
A definitive street chaat of Delhi, papri chaat is called so for the
crispy-fried round wafers (papri) that give it its addictive crunch.
In the style of typical chaat, the papri is accompanied by boiled
potato, chickpeas, chaat masala, a yogurt sauce, and tamarind
and coriander chutneys, pomegranate seeds. An absolutely
perfect marriage of spicy, sweet, tangy, soothing, and crunchy
Red kidney beans, or rajma, are not native to India, but they show
up in this common Punjabi dish paired with rice, or chawal. Soupy
and hearty, it’s like a Latin American rice and beans, with Indian
Paan is the traditional betel leaf palate-cleanser-cum-digestive.
The wide green leaves ritualistically filled and folded into
triangles with ingredients, depending on what’s ordered—
chopped areca nut, slaked lime paste (chuna), and
red katha paste, cardamom, dried coconut, rose petal or sugar
paste, fruit syrups, clove, lots of other
A favorite dish of Delhi, butter chicken. Butter chicken retains
many of the Mughlai trademarks: roasted meat, lots of spices, a
thick gravy of butter, cream, and tomato. Add some fluffy
traditional naan—or better yet, butter naan—and it’s impossible
to go wrong.