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theEVOLUTIONof the Planned CommunityJim	  Heid	  |	  FASLA,	  Founder	  	  	  URBAN	  DEVELOPMENT	  INSTITUTE	  |	  ALBERT...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada200429 May 2013
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Option 1: GreenfieldLadera Ranch, CAPROS	  •  Scale	  of	  Sites	  ...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Option 2: Inner Ring DensificationBelamar - Lakewood COhttp://www.c...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Option 3: Urban InfillCapitol Riverfront – Washington DCImage Credi...
© UrbanGreen 200475-65%Greenfield15-20%Suburbandensification10-15%Urban infillNew housing locationprojection ca 2004Urban Dev...
#1 Can we do Greenfield better?YES.“Sprawl can be defined asfragmented, low density,economically homogenous,land consumptive...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned CommunityHercules Waterfrtont, Hercules C...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned CommunityCelebration – Orlando, FL§  Lan...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned Community§  Vibrant - Richness ofplace§...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned CommunityMission Bay, San Francisco CA§ ...
Why does right, feel so … wrong?A Decade of New Home Sales 2001-2010US Total1 8,580,000%Top Ten Planned Communities2 130,3...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013So the Issue is NOT Greenfield vs. Infill….…..Its Sprawl vs. Planned...
2008 - 201129 May 2013
201116 May 2013“…the modelthat got ushere, will nottake us intothe future”.Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
Populationgrowth1 bymetropolitanlocation2000-2010	  Inner RingSuburb(+5.9 M)MatureSuburb(+3.5 M)=1,000,000PeopleEmergingSu...
© UrbanGreen 200470-65%Greenfield15-20%Suburbandensification10-15%Urban infillThenUrban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
Now© UrbanGreen 201150-40%Greenfield40-25%Suburbandensification10-15%Urban infillUrban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
Gen XTrailingBabyBoomerLeadingBabyBoomer20% 40% 60% 80% 100%“Inner ring and urban core densification is temporal.Once the r...
Gen XTrailingBabyBoomerLeadingBabyBoomer20% 40% 60% 80% 100%“The next generation of buyers and users have verydifferent va...
….then going forward…..Urban Development Institute | Alberta CanadaCan Community still be Planned?MAYBE.
0	  0.5	  1	  1.5	  2	  2.5	  3	  3.5	  Access	  to	  Mixed	  Uses	  Access	  to	  Outdoor	  Recrea2on	  Good	  Schools	  ...
What will stay the same? What’s going to be different?.PlannedCommunity (PC)RetrofitCommunity (RC)The‘Attractant’Suburban l...
What will stay the same? What’s going to be different?.PlannedCommunity (PC)RetrofitCommunity (RC)The‘Attractant’Suburban l...
•  AMENITY•  CONNECTIVITY•  DIVERSITY•  DENSITY•  QUALITY	  THE SIX ‘TY’S.Universal Truths=	  	  SUSTAINABLITY
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #1AMENITYSTREETS	   PUBLIC	  REALM	   THIRD	  PLAC...
Through	  Zone	  6’-­‐	  10’	  U2lity	  Zone	  	  5’-­‐6’	  Building	  +	  Furnishings	  Zone	  5	  -­‐8’	  	  Plenty	  of...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #2aCONNECTIVITY (Physical)
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #2bCONNECTIVITY (Social)
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #3DIVERSITY
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #4CURATED DENSITY
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013QUALITYUniversal Truth #5MEMORABLE	   CIVIC	   LANDSCAPE	   SIMPLE...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013SUSTAINABILITYOverall Outcome© UrbanGreen 2007
“Innovation will varybased on geographyand market”.Will one solution fit all?NO.
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #1COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #1COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #2MIXING USES
“…network of parks,plazas and green placesoffer breathing room.And walkable urbanismmakes all theseconnections easy,whethe...
Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #4ROLE OF:PPP | CFD | BID | HOA
CONCLUSION…Redefining Roles, Redefining OutcomesNewCommunitiesRetrofitCommunitiesInfillCommunitiesRIVERSIDE RESTON TOWN CENTER...
Email: jim@urbangreen.netBlog: chasingbetter.comSurvey: index@urbangreen.net16 May 2013Urban Land Institute | Redevelopmen...
The Evolution of the Planned Community
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The Evolution of the Planned Community

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Infill or Greenfield? Can we do Greenfield better? Learn the six universal truths about planned communities of the future, and the four locational variables that vary between regions.

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The Evolution of the Planned Community

  1. 1. theEVOLUTIONof the Planned CommunityJim  Heid  |  FASLA,  Founder      URBAN  DEVELOPMENT  INSTITUTE  |  ALBERTA    Ÿ    CANADA  
  2. 2. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada200429 May 2013
  3. 3. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Option 1: GreenfieldLadera Ranch, CAPROS  •  Scale  of  Sites  •  Pricing  /  Structure  •  Natural  AmeniGes  CONS  •  Approvals  •  Biologic  Concerns  •  Infrastructure  •  TransportaGon  •  Focused  OpposiGon  
  4. 4. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Option 2: Inner Ring DensificationBelamar - Lakewood COhttp://www.city-data.com/picfilesc/picc5931.phpPROS  •  Infrastructure  •  Proximity  to  Jobs  •  Old  Urbanism  •  Schools  and  Parks  CONS  •  Land  Assembly  •  Land  Cost  •  NIMBY’s  •  CongesGon  •  Outdated  Codes  
  5. 5. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Option 3: Urban InfillCapitol Riverfront – Washington DCImage Credit:www.dcyards.com:PROS  •  Infrastructure  •  Proximity  to  Jobs  •  Transit  Access  •  ExisGng  Urban  Character  CONS  •  Infrastructure  •  Schools  •  Safety  |  Security  •  ContaminaGon  •  Market  Preference  
  6. 6. © UrbanGreen 200475-65%Greenfield15-20%Suburbandensification10-15%Urban infillNew housing locationprojection ca 2004Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  7. 7. #1 Can we do Greenfield better?YES.“Sprawl can be defined asfragmented, low density,economically homogenous,land consumptive withoutcreating character orconnection”.Greenfield  Development  Without  Sprawl,  2004    
  8. 8. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned CommunityHercules Waterfrtont, Hercules CA§  Compact -Higher netdensity withamenity§  Diverse - Landuses and typesof users
  9. 9. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned CommunityCelebration – Orlando, FL§  Land efficient -Conservesignificantnatural andcultural features§  Resource efficientEnergy, water,materials
  10. 10. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned Community§  Vibrant - Richness ofplace§  Connectivity - Linkedopen space, linked streetnetworks
  11. 11. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Hallmarks of the Planned CommunityMission Bay, San Francisco CA§  Shared Governance§  Consistent Maintenance§  Community Life
  12. 12. Why does right, feel so … wrong?A Decade of New Home Sales 2001-2010US Total1 8,580,000%Top Ten Planned Communities2 130,386 1.5%Top Twenty Planned Communities3 187,687 2.2%All Planned Communities (estimated)4 800,636 9.3%IT’S NOT JUST A FEELINGUrban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  13. 13. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013So the Issue is NOT Greenfield vs. Infill….…..Its Sprawl vs. Planned Community570,000Units peryear80,000Units peryear
  14. 14. 2008 - 201129 May 2013
  15. 15. 201116 May 2013“…the modelthat got ushere, will nottake us intothe future”.Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  16. 16. Populationgrowth1 bymetropolitanlocation2000-2010  Inner RingSuburb(+5.9 M)MatureSuburb(+3.5 M)=1,000,000PeopleEmergingSuburb(+5.1 M)Exurb(+1.5 M)Urban Core(-.3 M)1 Source: Robert Lang. Based on 416 counties in the 50 largest metro areas. These contain 53.7% of total U.S. population.Infill or Greenfield?BOTH.
  17. 17. © UrbanGreen 200470-65%Greenfield15-20%Suburbandensification10-15%Urban infillThenUrban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  18. 18. Now© UrbanGreen 201150-40%Greenfield40-25%Suburbandensification10-15%Urban infillUrban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  19. 19. Gen XTrailingBabyBoomerLeadingBabyBoomer20% 40% 60% 80% 100%“Inner ring and urban core densification is temporal.Once the reality of schools, housing costs and safetybecome a priority for todays young professionals they willmove to the suburbs, just like every generation beforethem.”0%Source:| UrbanGreen® Index Spring 2013Percentage  of  respondents  that  selected  ‘Disagree’  or  ‘Strongly  Disagree’  
  20. 20. Gen XTrailingBabyBoomerLeadingBabyBoomer20% 40% 60% 80% 100%“The next generation of buyers and users have verydifferent values and will continue to find a way to live inhigher density, urban or inner ring centers, long after theyhave families.”0%Percentage  of  respondents  that  selected  ‘Agree’  or  ‘Strongly  Agree’  Source:| UrbanGreen® Index Spring 2013
  21. 21. ….then going forward…..Urban Development Institute | Alberta CanadaCan Community still be Planned?MAYBE.
  22. 22. 0  0.5  1  1.5  2  2.5  3  3.5  Access  to  Mixed  Uses  Access  to  Outdoor  Recrea2on  Good  Schools  Ease  of  Driving  Transporta2on  Alterna2ves  Housing  Affordability  Proximity  to  Work  Gen  X  Trailing  Baby  Boomer  Leading  Baby  Boomer  What do the generations want in their community?Source:| UrbanGreen® Index Spring 2013
  23. 23. What will stay the same? What’s going to be different?.PlannedCommunity (PC)RetrofitCommunity (RC)The‘Attractant’Suburban lifestyle with yards,playgrounds and family lifeThe variety, diversity and energy thatcomes with urbanityThe ‘ThirdPlace’Create gathering places Leverage nearby high streetsThe Footpath The forest trail and walking paths Walkable urbanism and connectednetworksThe Transport Two cars and a garage to house them,bicycling and walking as recreationCar share, LRT, bicycles and walking forcommutingThe Shelter Diversity of detached options with somehigher density ‘lifestyle’ products butlargely private spaceSmall and compact with ‘community livingrooms’Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  24. 24. What will stay the same? What’s going to be different?.PlannedCommunity (PC)RetrofitCommunity (RC)The‘Attractant’Suburban lifestyle with yards,playgrounds and family lifeThe variety, diversity and energy thatcomes with urbanityThe ‘ThirdPlace’Create gathering places Leverage nearby high streetsThe Footpath The forest trail and walking paths Walkable urbanism and connectednetworksThe Transport Two cars and a garage to house them,bicycling and walking as recreationCar share, LRT, bicycles and walking forcommutingThe Shelter Diversity of detached options with somehigher density ‘lifestyle’ products butlargely private spaceSmall and compact with ‘community livingrooms’Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada
  25. 25. •  AMENITY•  CONNECTIVITY•  DIVERSITY•  DENSITY•  QUALITY  THE SIX ‘TY’S.Universal Truths=    SUSTAINABLITY
  26. 26. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #1AMENITYSTREETS   PUBLIC  REALM   THIRD  PLACE  
  27. 27. Through  Zone  6’-­‐  10’  U2lity  Zone    5’-­‐6’  Building  +  Furnishings  Zone  5  -­‐8’    Plenty  of  glass  Overhangs  Parking  as  buffer  Street  Trees  
  28. 28. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #2aCONNECTIVITY (Physical)
  29. 29. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #2bCONNECTIVITY (Social)
  30. 30. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #3DIVERSITY
  31. 31. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Universal Truth #4CURATED DENSITY
  32. 32. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013
  33. 33. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013QUALITYUniversal Truth #5MEMORABLE   CIVIC   LANDSCAPE   SIMPLE  
  34. 34. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013SUSTAINABILITYOverall Outcome© UrbanGreen 2007
  35. 35. “Innovation will varybased on geographyand market”.Will one solution fit all?NO.
  36. 36. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #1COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION
  37. 37. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #1COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION
  38. 38. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #2MIXING USES
  39. 39. “…network of parks,plazas and green placesoffer breathing room.And walkable urbanismmakes all theseconnections easy,whether headed to thecorner store or high-techheadquarters”.“…kids and adults alikesplash in the refreshingwaters of the Aquaticand Falcon Clubs. The25 miles of nature trailslet you get away fromit all without everleaving home”.Suburban  Planned  Community   Inner  Ring  Retrofit  Community  Urban Development Institute | Alberta CanadaLocational Variable #3THE VALUE PROPOSITION
  40. 40. Urban Development Institute | Alberta Canada 29 May 2013Locational Variable #4ROLE OF:PPP | CFD | BID | HOA
  41. 41. CONCLUSION…Redefining Roles, Redefining OutcomesNewCommunitiesRetrofitCommunitiesInfillCommunitiesRIVERSIDE RESTON TOWN CENTER RINCON HILLYEAR 1869 1988 2005+SIZE (ACRES) 1600 460 51POPULATION 9,000 7,500 10,000CRAFTINGCOMMUNITYCreateVillage CenterAddUrban CenterLeverageUrban CorePPP ROLESBe marketknowledgable.Bring civic facilties.Assist with landassembly. Leadapprovals pastNIMBY’sCreate vision.Gain buy in.Share financialrisksSUSTAINABIILTYGATEWAYStormwater Jobs Housing Transportation
  42. 42. Email: jim@urbangreen.netBlog: chasingbetter.comSurvey: index@urbangreen.net16 May 2013Urban Land Institute | Redevelopment and Reuse CouncilQuestions? Comments? To Learn More.

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