Unit 14 lesson 4


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Unit 14 lesson 4

  1. 1. Cold War Events in Other Countries Click here to hear the sounds of a country being bombed!
  2. 2. <ul><li>- As you have already learned, the United </li></ul><ul><li>States was involved in the Cold War with </li></ul><ul><li>the Soviet Union after World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>- The United States implemented the </li></ul><ul><li>policy of containment, or prevention of the </li></ul><ul><li>spread of Communism across the globe, </li></ul><ul><li>during the Cold War. </li></ul><ul><li>- Even though the major conflicts between </li></ul><ul><li>the U.S. and the Soviet Union were more </li></ul><ul><li>well-known (Korea, Cuba, and Vietnam), </li></ul><ul><li>many conflicts in other places around the </li></ul><ul><li>world were just as important in the fight </li></ul><ul><li>against Communism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cold War in Nicaragua Leadership changed from the Somoza Family -> Communist Sandinistas <ul><li>The U.S. supported the ruling dictator Somoza and his family beginning in the 1930s. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the Communist Sandinistas came along, the U.S. and Soviet Union backed them and their leader Daniel Ortega. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the Sandinistas gave aid to Communists in neighboring El Salvador, so to contain Communism again, the U.S. supported the Contras (anti-Communists), or &quot;counterrevolutionaries&quot; in El Salvador. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, Ortega allowed free elections in Nicaragua and the Sandinistas have been defeated in many elections over the years. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cold War in Iran <ul><li>- In Iran, traditional Islamic values began to clash with Western materialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Shah Pahlavi, the leader of Iran after WWII, embraced the U.S. and its need for oil to gain profits. </li></ul><ul><li>New Prime Minister Mossadeq and other Nationalists resented Iran's connection with the U.S., nationalized the oil industry, and exiled the Shah. </li></ul><ul><li>- To keep the Nationalists from turning to the Soviet Union for aid, the U.S. aided the Shah in taking Iran back in the mid-1950s. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cold War in Iran (continued) <ul><li>- Once the Shah returned, he westernized the country and infuriated many </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims, including ayatollahs, or religious leaders, by weakening their say </li></ul><ul><li>in the government. </li></ul><ul><li>- Ayatollah Khomeini, who was in exile, came back to Iran and </li></ul><ul><li>established a militant Islamic state, pressuring the Shah to flee in 1979. </li></ul><ul><li>- Since Khomeini hated the U.S., he allowed Islamic rebels to seize the </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. embassy in Tehran (capital of Iran) and held American hostages for </li></ul><ul><li>444 days. </li></ul><ul><li>- Khomeini expressed that Muslim radicals should overthrow secular </li></ul><ul><li>(non-religious) governments throughout the world, leading to war between </li></ul><ul><li>Iran and Iraq (with Saddam Hussein's secular government), which ended </li></ul><ul><li>in a ceasefire in 1988. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cold War in Afghanistan <ul><li>- After WWII, Afghanistan stayed independent of </li></ul><ul><li>the U.S. and the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>- When a Muslim regime attempted to overthrow </li></ul><ul><li>the ruling Communist government in the 1970s, </li></ul><ul><li>the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to protect </li></ul><ul><li>the pro-Communist government. </li></ul><ul><li>- To contain Communism and protect U.S. oil </li></ul><ul><li>interests in the Middle East, the U.S. supported </li></ul><ul><li>the Muslim regime, a group of people who </li></ul><ul><li>contained forefathers and members of the future </li></ul><ul><li>Taliban regime. </li></ul><ul><li>- The war in Afghanistan was comparable to the </li></ul><ul><li>war in Vietnam as there was no end in sight. </li></ul><ul><li>- The war ended in 1989 after the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>embargoed S.U. grain shipments and problems in </li></ul><ul><li>the Soviet Union grew worse. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>All pictures, music, and sounds came from Microsoft Office Clip Art except: </li></ul><ul><li>http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/3303/kerpe1.5/0_18daf_7c6d052a_XL.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/01390/iran-1979_1390820i.jpg </li></ul>