Afghan war By Jug and Pun


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Afghan war By Jug and Pun

  1. 1. The Afghan War By Jug and Pun
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>The Afghan war lasted for ten years. </li></ul><ul><li>It started from December 27 th , 1979, and ended on February 15 th , 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>The war was between Soviet supported Afghan communist government, and the anti-communist guerilla fighters called Mujahideen. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How did it start? <ul><li>The root: overthrow of the centrist Afghanistan government in April 1978 by left-wing military officers, who handed power over to two Marxist-Leninist political parties, the Khalq (&quot;Masses&quot;) and Parcham (&quot;Flag&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>They had very little votes and accepted the help from the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Together, they began land and social reforms that were resented by anti-communists and Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>The rebellion of the Mujahideen grew in response, spreading all over the country </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who was involved? <ul><li>The communist side: The soviet union, and the Afghan government. </li></ul><ul><li>The anti communist side: The mujahideen which were supported by several anti communists countries, such as US,UK,Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why did it happen? <ul><li>Soviet Union saw that it was a good chance to spread more communism. </li></ul><ul><li>Many muslims are against communism </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims tribal based insurgencies arose against the the communist government. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Soviet’s goal <ul><li>To make Afghanistan into a communist country </li></ul><ul><li>Getting rid of the communist resistance, the Mujahideens </li></ul>“ According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahadeen began during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec 1979. “ Zbigniew Brzezinski
  7. 7. What Happened? <ul><li>1979 The Soviet controlled cities, large towns. </li></ul><ul><li>1980-1981 The Mujahideen spread out freely throughout the countryside. The Soviet troops tried to crush the them by many tactics, but the guerrilla fighters escaped their attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>1982 The war quickly settled down into a stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>1982 – 1983 The Soviets then attempted to eliminate the Mujahideen's by bombing the rural areas. By 1982 some 2.8 million Afghans had immigrated a to Pakistan, and another 1.5 million had immigrated to Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>1984 – 1988 The Mujahideen had the upper hand by using shipments of weapons from the US through Pakistan, such as shoulder-fired antiaircraft missiles. </li></ul><ul><li>In early 1989 the United States, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Soviet Union signed an agreement to withdraw Soviet troops and return Afghanistan to a status of peace. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How did it end/Soviet’s withdrawal <ul><li>After 10 years of fighting where not really much was accomplished, the Soviets withdraw in 1989. </li></ul><ul><li>During the last part of the war, Soviet prepared to withdraw focusing on only defending against the Mujahideens </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 15000 Soviets soldiers had died in the War </li></ul><ul><li>About one million Afghans had been perished </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet war in Afghanistan was one of the events that led to the end of the USSR </li></ul>
  9. 9. Results/Consequences <ul><li>After the war, Afghanistan became one the poorest country in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviets eventually lost the war, which is one of the factors that made the Soviet Union collapsed </li></ul><ul><li>The Afghan government was in ruins after the Soviets left in early 1989. </li></ul><ul><li>The Taliban, arose from the Mujahideen during the Afghan Civil War. (Mujahideen has many groups, Taliban was one of them, and the strongest out of all the groups in Mujahideen </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>This war was a disaster for the Soviet union. </li></ul><ul><li>They lost the war, which made them looked weak and pathetic </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan on the other hand, continued to a Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>The Taliban arose from the Mujahideen after the civil war. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>