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  1. 1. Done by: Fabian Ho Kai Bin So Choon Chia From a world war to a Cold War
  2. 2. Content of the day <ul><li>How the cold war began </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline of Korean War </li></ul><ul><li>Korean War </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of the Korean war </li></ul><ul><li>Video that sums Korean war </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reasons why Cold War break out <ul><li>It was due to the competing ideologies between communism and democracy/ capitalism. </li></ul><ul><li>There were different ideas on how the money in society was created and shared, who should control the society etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. China joined the cold war <ul><li>They became increasingly involved in the ideological conflict </li></ul><ul><li>It was due to the rise of communist after the kuomingtang government was defeated that it fell in the hands of communists. </li></ul><ul><li>As USA felt threatened by the Japan and Soviet Union that it was determined to stop it from spreading its influence. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Japan became USA anti-communism ally <ul><li>By strengthening Japan’s economy and introducing democratic reforms, they hope that Japan would become their ally </li></ul><ul><li>USA also lifted trade restrictions and provided them with new technologies and industrial equipment </li></ul><ul><li>They also signed the US-Japan mutual Security treaty in 1952 to strengthen the relation between them </li></ul>
  6. 6. Increased US support for anti-communism in Asia <ul><li>US formed alliances with South Korea, Kuomintang government in Taiwan and South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Together, they formed an organisation called Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO) to oppose communism </li></ul><ul><li>The USA and USSR competed for alliances in the Middle East and Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>They both maintained cruel and corrupt governments through aids such as financial aids in return for their allegiance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Korean War Date Main Events that led to Korean War 1905-1945 <ul><li>Japan occupied Korea </li></ul>1945 <ul><li>Korea Was divided at the 38 th parallel by the USA and the USSR </li></ul>1947 <ul><li>The Truman Doctrine </li></ul>1948 <ul><li>The North Korean and South Korean governments were set up </li></ul>1949 <ul><li>Rising Tensions between North and South Korea </li></ul>OCT 1949 <ul><li>China Came under Communist rule </li></ul>Jan 1950 <ul><li>Korea not mentioned in US defence perimeter </li></ul>APR 1950 <ul><li>The North prepared to attack the South </li></ul>The Course of the War 25 JUN 1950 <ul><li>The Korean war began </li></ul>Sep 1950 <ul><li>The UN responds </li></ul>0ct 1950 <ul><li>Chinese troops become involved in the war </li></ul>1951-1953 <ul><li>War continued while peace talks were held </li></ul>27 Jul 1953 <ul><li>North and South Korea agreed to stop fighting </li></ul>
  8. 8. Korean War <ul><li>June 1950, Kim Il-Sung's North Korean People's Army invaded South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>The UN Security Council backed the defence of South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>A UN force of personnel from South Korea, the United States, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Canada, Australia, France, South Africa, the Philippines, the Netherlands, Belgium, New Zealand and other countries joined to stop the invasion. </li></ul>One of the more significant impacts of containment was the outbreak of the Korean War.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Among other effects, the Korean War galvanised NATO to develop a military structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Public opinion, such as Great Britain, was divided for and against the war. Many feared an escalation into a general war with Communist China, and even nuclear war. </li></ul><ul><li>The strong opposition to the war often strained Anglo-American relations. </li></ul><ul><li>British officials sought a speedy end to the conflict, hoping to unite and withdrawal of all foreign forces. </li></ul>Korean War
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Chinese and North Koreans were exhausted by the war and prepared to end it by late 1952, Stalin insisted that they continue fighting, and an Armistice was approved only in July 1953, after Stalin's death. </li></ul><ul><li>In North Korea, Kim Il Sung created a highly centralized and brutal dictatorship, according himself unlimited power and generating a formidable cult of personality. </li></ul>Korean War
  11. 11. <ul><li>Korea </li></ul><ul><li>-2.5 Million Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>-More than 80% of Korean factories and transport networks destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>-Korea still divided at the 38 th parallel </li></ul><ul><li>-The demilitarised zone, DMZ is one of the most heavily armed place </li></ul><ul><li>-Korean families are seperated </li></ul>Impact of the Korean War
  12. 12. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>-First time China fought with USA </li></ul><ul><li>-Became major military power </li></ul><ul><li>-Chinese military can match world power like USA </li></ul><ul><li>-China became concern of its position in the world </li></ul><ul><li>-Join UN in 1971 after demanding a seat in UN </li></ul>Impact of the Korean War
  13. 13. <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>-Argued that the war is successful in containing Communism </li></ul><ul><li>-Form military alliance with countries near China, Australia, New Zealand, SEA. </li></ul><ul><li>-The Alliance are NATO in Europe, ANZUS and SEATO in southeast Asia. This was to prevent Communism spreading to rest of Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>-Form military alliance around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>-Built up armed forces in Asia-Pacific region </li></ul><ul><li>-Most troops were in Japan and South Korea </li></ul>Impact of the Korean War
  14. 14. <ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>-Key US Partner and model of American Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>-Became Production and supply base for US troop in Korea </li></ul><ul><li>-Japanese companies supplied US troops with uniforms, equipments and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>-Help Japan to expand economy </li></ul>Impact of the Korean War
  15. 15. <ul><li>Taiwan(Republic of China) </li></ul><ul><li>-US sent Navy Warships from US 7 th fleet in Japan to Taiwan straits to protect Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>-Military Conflict with China Broke out thrice, 1954-1955, 1958-1959, 1995-1996 in the Taiwan straits </li></ul><ul><li>-China launch artillery attacks against Taiwan offshore islands of Quemoy and Matsu and imposed trade blockades against Taiwan </li></ul>Impact of the Korean War
  16. 16. Summary <ul><li>In conclusion the Korean war brought the war to Asia and made it a global war. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean war showed that smaller countries are not always controlled by superpowers </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller countries were able to use this opportunity to achieve their aim and use the superpower troops to reach their goal </li></ul>