Why are there so many small woodlots in southwestern France landscapes

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Deconchat Marc, Sourdril Anne, Andrieu Emilie, Cabanettes Alain, Balent Gérard

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

Published in: Education
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Why are there so many small woodlots in southwestern France landscapes

  1. 1. Deconchat Marc, Sourdril Anne, Andrieu Emilie, Cabanettes Alain, Balent Gérard
  2. 2. <ul><li>In some temperate landscapes, small woodlots (forest fragments) are kept, </li></ul><ul><li>despite unfavorable policies, </li></ul><ul><li>and managed in traditional ways </li></ul><ul><li>producing a diversity of structures </li></ul><ul><li>support for ecosystem services. </li></ul><ul><li>Theories on social and ecological co-evolution explain the resilience of this systems </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Long Term Social & Ecological Research platform (LTER-Europe)in south west of France </li></ul>Toulouse Auch St Gaudens
  4. 5. Photo N. Sauget
  5. 6. <ul><li>What are the determinants of forestry activities that seem to be in opposition with usual recommandations? </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>2 years in 2 small villages </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Direct observation of the practices </li></ul><ul><li>Social context </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships between actors </li></ul><ul><li>Historical depth </li></ul>A Sourdril
  7. 8. Army's map 1860 Cassini's map 1750 current map
  8. 9. 1820 2004
  9. 10. 1820
  10. 11. <ul><li>The House (land, building, forest and social status) is transmitted to the oldest heir son (even against the law!) </li></ul><ul><li>High social value of the forest: rarely sold </li></ul><ul><li>Forest outside the main economical development </li></ul>
  11. 12. Légende: Limites patrimoine Bois de chauffage Espace / gibier Pâturage Bois d’œuvre Champignons N 50 m « Maison » Salvy 1974
  12. 13. 2006 1992 1953 1942 1962 1977 1984 1996 2002
  13. 14. Du Bus et al. 2006 Ann. For. Sci. 63 Cutting history since 1942 and edge management
  14. 15. © Roy Anderson © Roy Anderson N 100 m Fallow land Fallow land Rape field Grassland
  15. 16. <ul><li>2014 ground beetles collected, from 48 species </li></ul>Density of ground beetles (m -2 ) Feeding mode Relative abundance
  16. 17. <ul><li>Actors are coherent with their own social system and values </li></ul><ul><li>Social system leaves footprints on the landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnology for in detail investigations </li></ul>Human ecology, G Marten, 2001

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