Why are there so many small woodlots in southwestern France landscapes

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Deconchat Marc, Sourdril Anne, Andrieu Emilie, Cabanettes Alain, Balent Gérard …

Deconchat Marc, Sourdril Anne, Andrieu Emilie, Cabanettes Alain, Balent Gérard

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

More in: Education
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  • 1. Deconchat Marc, Sourdril Anne, Andrieu Emilie, Cabanettes Alain, Balent Gérard
  • 2.
    • In some temperate landscapes, small woodlots (forest fragments) are kept,
    • despite unfavorable policies,
    • and managed in traditional ways
    • producing a diversity of structures
    • support for ecosystem services.
    • Theories on social and ecological co-evolution explain the resilience of this systems
  • 3.
    • Long Term Social & Ecological Research platform (LTER-Europe)in south west of France
    Toulouse Auch St Gaudens
  • 4.  
  • 5. Photo N. Sauget
  • 6.
    • What are the determinants of forestry activities that seem to be in opposition with usual recommandations?
  • 7.
    • 2 years in 2 small villages
    • Interviews
    • Direct observation of the practices
    • Social context
    • Relationships between actors
    • Historical depth
    A Sourdril
  • 8. Army's map 1860 Cassini's map 1750 current map
  • 9. 1820 2004
  • 10. 1820
  • 11.
    • The House (land, building, forest and social status) is transmitted to the oldest heir son (even against the law!)
    • High social value of the forest: rarely sold
    • Forest outside the main economical development
  • 12. Légende: Limites patrimoine Bois de chauffage Espace / gibier Pâturage Bois d’œuvre Champignons N 50 m « Maison » Salvy 1974
  • 13. 2006 1992 1953 1942 1962 1977 1984 1996 2002
  • 14. Du Bus et al. 2006 Ann. For. Sci. 63 Cutting history since 1942 and edge management
  • 15. © Roy Anderson © Roy Anderson N 100 m Fallow land Fallow land Rape field Grassland
  • 16.
    • 2014 ground beetles collected, from 48 species
    Density of ground beetles (m -2 ) Feeding mode Relative abundance
  • 17.
    • Actors are coherent with their own social system and values
    • Social system leaves footprints on the landscape
    • Ethnology for in detail investigations
    Human ecology, G Marten, 2001