Resilience for VBDC

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CPWF Volta Science Workshop: Cross cutting Topics

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Resilience for VBDC

  1. 1. http://www.un.org/gsp/report
  2. 2. Resilience for VBDC Contribute to poverty alleviation and resilient livelihood improvement V4: resilience /adaptabilityV3: ecological states and transformations linked to social factors
  3. 3. WHAT ? In ecological researchresilience is the capacity of a system to respond to a disturbance by resisting damage and recovering quicklyvulnerability : is the level of exposure to shocks of humans and comes from the loss of resilience WHY ? Complex world today , need new glasses…• Non linear processes/relations• Identify process and states more/less desirable developments • Develop and maintain well or improved functioning systems• Ensure positive reinforcing feedback loops/interactions• Ability of system to adapt, adjust… 
  4. 4. Valuable Ecosystem Services Loss of ecosystem servicesDesirable Undesirable 4coral dominance algal dominance state shift 2 3 overfishing, coastal disease, eutrophication hurricane turbid waterclear water phosphorous accum- flooding, warming, ulation in soil and mud overexploitation of predatorsgrassland shrub-bushland fire prevention good rains, continu- ous heavy grazing
  5. 5. Global scale identified ‘high risk ‘ tipping pointsSchellnhuber, J. 2007. Potsdam Institute forClimate Impact Research
  6. 6. Non linearity in agricultural systems Enfors et al 2011 Lahmar et al 2011 Creating traps
  7. 7. Folke et al. (2003) defined four clusters of factors, that interact across temporal and spatial scales which increase the resilience of SESs• Learning to live with change and uncertainty • Nurturing diversity in its various forms • Combining different types of knowledge for learning • Creating opportunity for self‐organization and cross‐scale  linkages 
  8. 8. This session purpose: Work towards a better and common  interpretation of resilience in the VBDC statement • How do you understand resilience in the  context of the VBDC?• What aspects of resilience are relevant in our  context and what scale is appropriate?• How would you like to address resilience in  your project?
  9. 9. ReferencesFolke et al. (2003) http://www.gecafs.org/publications/Publications/Resilience_and_Vulnerability.PDFhttp://www.un.org/gsp/report
  10. 10. So far, most resilience research /academics focus on ecological large or  small systems Increasing set of research experiences from social –ecological systems ,  incl. development contextExample: What processes and states can address both development and environmentalsustainability? Transforming landscapes with soil and water interventions Barron & Keys, 2011

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