The Kama Sutra of Retrospectives
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The Kama Sutra of Retrospectives

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  • Another very good set of slides ... simple, yet focused and effective. And can be used in many disciplines.
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  • Прежде чем перейти к обсуждению различных методов ретроспектив, хотелось бы рассказать о технике голосования, которое я считаю достаточно эффективным и удобным при групповом принятии решения.При выборе нескольких лучших вариантов чего-либо в группе, мы пишем все эти варианты на доске. У каждого члена группы есть в запасе несколько черточек, например, три штуки, которыми он может пометить интересующие темы. Выбираются те темы, которые набрали наибольшее количество черточек.
  • Физик Эдвард де Боно, основатель теории о нестандартном мышлении, придумал организовать обсуждение в виде нескольких этапов, на которых за ограниченное время обсуждаются - Факты - Эмоции - Негативные вещи, которые имели место - Позитивные вещи, которые имели место - Творческие идеи по решению проблем - Подведение итогов и создание плана действий
  • Цель: необходимость измерить насколько мы хороши в определенных областяхРисуем на доске такую вот снежинку-паутину, каждая ветвь которой – шкала для определенной области от одного до пяти.Такие же снежинки у себя на листочке рисуют участники ретроспективы.Каждый отмечает у себя насколько он оценивает продвинутость группы в определенной области. Модератор ретроспективы собирает листочки, отмечает их на доске и после этого обсуждаются проблемные области.
  • Цель: сконцентрироваться на сильных сторонах и улучшении процесса, а не избавлении от негативных последствий.Собрать данные о сильных сторонах – брейнсторм о результатах, сильных сторонах и успехах. - Что мы делали хорошего до этого месяца. - Что мы изменили или начали делать хорошего в этом месяце.Брейнсторм об активностях, что поможет улучшить наши сильные стороны.Голосование черточками.
  • Что работает нормальноА что требует улучшений
  • Что надо изменять эволюционным путем, немного корректируяА что надо резко поменять

The Kama Sutra of Retrospectives The Kama Sutra of Retrospectives Presentation Transcript

  • The Kama Sutra of Retrospectives
  • Who are you to @#$%^& lecture me?
    www.ciklum.net
    2
    Alexander Lutsaevsky 
    • Ciklum Technical Consultant
    • Certified Scrum Product Owner, ISTQB Certified Tester, Certified Owner of Other Useless Papers
    • Founder and speaker at agile.kh.ua
    • Speaker at misc. conferences: PM Zone, Agile Base Camp, QA Club, Agileee, etc.
    Cross-functional Project Manager with more than 5 years of experience managing distributed and multinational teamsboth for agile and complex industry regulated projects.
    Alexander has proven track record of successful on-time and on-budget project delivery from different business domains: accounting and finance controlling, healthcare informatics and medical devices, enterprise resource planning, transportation management and many more.
  • Problems?
  • Technique: Dot Vote
  • 6 Thinking Hats
  • Goal: Effectively organize discussing emotional, rational, positive, negative feedbacks.
    Time: approximately 1 hour
    6 Thinking Hats
    • Brief summary of De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats process.
    • Blue Hat – objectives for the session.
    • White Hat – generating facts from the last iteration.
    • Yellow Hat – focus on positive things.
    • Black Hat – focus on negative things.
    • Green Hat – ideas about improvement from the helicopter view.
    • Red Hat – emotive statements.
    • Conclusions and actions.
  • Spider Web
  • Goal: Measure important areas of the process by the team.
    Time: approximately 1 hour
    Spider Web
    • Explain idea and how to rate areas
    • Define important areas of discussion
    • Draw the spider web on the white board
    • Distribute the pieces of paper to everyone to draw the same spider web and rate the areas
    • Gather papers and accumulate the results from everyone
    • Discuss each area
    • Work out the improvement plan
  • Appreciative Retrospective
  • Goal: Focus on improvements, instead of fixing problems.
    Time: approximately 1 hour
    Appreciative Retrospective
    • Setting stage and check in
    • Gather information (group brainstorm or individual post-it notes):
    • Successes
    • Strength
    • Positive events
    • Group the post-its or facts
    • Generate plan
  • Top 5
  • Goal: Expose the most pressing issues in an anonymous manner
    Time: approximately 45 minutes
    Top 5
    • Gather top 5 issues from people via email
    • Draw all the issues on the whiteboard
    • Ask the team to group the issues
    • Generate actions to solve problems (effective when working in pairs and then escalating the results to the group)
    • Generate plan
  • Plan of Actions Retrospective
  • Goal: Focus on generating clear plan and taking actions
    Time: approximately 40 minutes
    Plan of Actions Retrospective
    • Gather information from the team members
    • Long-term goal: e.g. have test automation on acceptance-test level
    • Now-Action: e.g. Vasya will automate one test using Selenium
    • Objectives, Activities, Deliveries
    • Bass Vode’s (http://bit.ly/KamaSutra_ActionPlan) plan of action – individual action generation, pairs select top actions, whole group discuss top actions
  • Start/Stop/Continue/More/Less
  • Goal: Make the retrospective meeting short.
    Time: 10-25 minutes.
    Start/Stop/Continue/More/Less
    • Draw a circle on a poster, divide it into 5 sections and write the words "start", "stop", "continue", "more of" and "less of" around each section.
    • Gather information.
    • Generate action plan.
  • Force Field Analysis
  • Goal: Focus on specific area, discuss drivers and restrains
    Time: approximately 60 minutes
    Force Field Analysis
    • Pick a topic
    • Set the timer and give the team five minutes to list all the supporting/driving factors for the topic
    • Identify top drivers
    • List all the inhibiting/restraining factors for the topic.
    • Identify top restrains
    • Try to find relations between drivers and restrains factors
    • Generate action plan
    • Description is here http://bit.ly/KamaSutra_ForceField
  • Pomodoro Retrospective
  • Goal: Focus on specific topics, shorten the time for retrospective
    Time: approximately 30 minutes
    Pomodoro Retrospective
    • Generate the list of topics to discuss
    • 5 minutes to discuss each topic
    • 2-3 minutes to get summary
    • Plan actions
  • Question Retrospective
  • Goal: Focus on specific topics, shorten the time for retrospective
    Time: approximately 30 minutes
    Question Retrospective
    • Before the retro, prepare sheets of paper for each team member each having a different question on the top, for example:
    • In this sprint, what things happened that were unusual?
    • In this sprint, what things did we do well?
    • In this sprint, what did we do that we should avoid doing in the future?
    • The questions will be distributed at random to team members.
    • Each person writes something, then passes the sheet to their left, then writes something on the next sheet…
  • Actions: Same/More/Less
  • Facts: Plus/Minus/Interesting
  • Process: Works Well/Needs Improvement
    MAX UPGRADE NEEDS TO BE UPGRADED
  • Changes: Plus/Delta
  • Who? How? When? How to verify?
  • Retrospective of Retrospectives
  • Self-Retrospective
  • Decision Log
    http://bit.ly/KamaSutra_Self
  • Distributed Retrospectives
    Separate individual vs. joint improvements
    Individual meeting before joint
    Offline part: use surveys
    More time to check in
    Use wiki to store results!
  • References
    Retrospective Plans http://bit.ly/KamaSutra_Plans
    Lateral Thinking http://bit.ly/KamaSutra_DeBono
    Self Retrospective http://bit.ly/KamaSutra_Self
  • Let’s retrospect this presentation…