Effective meetings involve both the WHAT – content and the PROCESS. Like instructional design… where we are and where we want to be at the end of the session/meeting, use processes to get there. Most problems lie in the process or lack of. –Process is whatsguides the meeting through the agenda, w/ people focused & participating.
Unrelated topicsPark informationReview at beginning
This will help you avoid potential conflicts.
Preparation and starting the meeting right will help avoid conflicts.
Ground rules are impt! Set them up, build an agreement on them, and everyone has shared responsibility to follow. Participants can now call people out on ground rules! This helps to avoid conflict!
This concept can be used throughout meeting and in life. Problems occur in the understanding. Someone presents an idea, people don’t hear it well, misinterpret, have their own opinions and perceptions, etc… then we move forward in meeting and people are in different places. Check for understand maybe restate what was said, does everyone understand this? Then “can everyone live with this?” as you check for agreement. This process will happen many times again and again in your meetings. This build an agreement process will help w/ avoid conflicts.
OPEN:Proposal – “Jim you have thoughta lot of this issues, can you define the prob for us?” Or “who has an issue/suggestion we need the group to consider?”List – “lets list 4 or 5 things …” Or “ I have a list of potential ideas but lets add a few more”Brainstorm –(GUIDELINES: all ideas are OK at this point, defer judging them, build on ideas) “first lets get all our ideas out w/o evaluating them in the next 10 mins” Clarify – (NOTE: you can spend 2/3 of meeting on this but make sure you do it!) “take 5 mins to review this list we generated. Do any need clarification? Does everyone understand them?” NARROWEliminate Dups – (NOTE: if there are any issues on combo from people keep them separate) “any ideas here similar enough that we can combo them?”Prioritize N/3 - Number of items/3 = # of choices per participant. ‘lets try prioritizing the list to see where interest is.” Can use dot stickers or do it out loud.High/Low matrix – rank items into box matrix with 2 sides for low- high impact and low-high effortAdvocate – “we still have several options…. Lets take a few minute to influence each others thinking… bob, tell us whey you think this option you mentioned is a good choice” This can help people really understand this item and lead to compromise.CLOSEStraw poll - tests the level of agreement w/o making a final decision: “ok lets see how we all feel about this… how many want to continue working in this issue today? Looks like most are - anyone not willing to go another ½ hour? Great!” Negative Poll – reach quick agreement on something you suspect everyone supports: “is anyone opposed to taking off #4 from our list?” Build up/Eliminate – facilitates agreement “what could we add to option A to make it work for you?” “is there any way you could combo A &B to get to an agreement?”Both/And – “do we need to choose btw both options or can we try both?”
Make process suggestions: suggest a better path or process if group gets stuck – can also ask group to assist with this; “we seem stuck? Is there a process to help gets up to our end goal?” or even take a breakListen and watch for: Are the agreements clear?Are process suggestions being followed?Are people asking questions?Are there enough creative ideas?How are disagreements being solved?What is the group’s energy level?Are people listening to each other?
Example of interrupter
“kat – you wanted to know whey we are adding extra hours… can anyone explain why to Kat?“Matt you are bringing up a new issue here. I don’t think we we are finsihed with the other one yet. Can you focus on this and then move on to your question next?”“My sense is not everyone agrees? Does anyone else have this feeling?”“We said we were only going to spend 10 mins on this and we are at 20min? Can we table this and move on?” OR “we agreed to brainstorm now and you are starting to evaluate. Lets stay on target”“I hear what you are saying and its impt, but we don’t have enough info to solve the issue so lets wait and defer for next meeting”Sometimes you might just need to talk to someone one on one during a break or after a meeting
Bracket: Internally acknowledge and set aside your own judgment and point of view to hear what the speaker has to say Repeat:“I believe we should stop the project” “ So you think we should stop the project”Paraphrase: “There are no better bananas then those from Hawaii” “so you are saying Hawaian bananas are the best in the world?”perception check: “Last months stats were worse than ever before” “ it sounds like you are disappointed. Is that so?” or You sound confused?”Probing questions: Why? What do you hope to gain or fear?Find common ground by realizing the real issues: issue – position – interest (EX: overtime pay – “i should be paid time and half for this” – I want to be treated fairly)Propose options “ruth given your respective interests, what approach to project planning might be effective? Is there a way for you both to agree on a project guidelines and then like jim run w/ it?”
+ (what worked)Delta (what could be changed or improved)
Meeting Management Workshop
Meeting Management Spring 2011 Beth Filar-Williams Mike Crumpton
An Effective Meeting Prepare Content (WHAT) Process (HOW) 90% of meeting problems are PROCESS problems. Where we How do we Where do we are get there want to go 1 3 2 From @Interaction Associates, Essential Facilitation: Core Skills for Guiding Groups
Characteristics of Masterful Meetings… Prepar e Start Preparation Start Clear purpose, products Timely start and agenda Purpose and products Advance notification reviewed Right people present Key issues indentified People presenting Agenda confirmed prepared Ground rules reviewed Right information available
…Characteristics continued Run Clos Run Close &Follow-up e Steady meeting flow Decisions and actions Focused discussion reviewed Positive Timely finish Energetic participation Summary provided Constructive conflict Follow-up on actions Thoughtful decision making
ParkingLots•Issues List•Decisions List•Actions List
Prepare Why meet? Purpose of meeting? Stakeholder analysis What is your desired outcome of meeting? Products (lists, plans, decisions, agreements) Knowledge (understanding Y… so we can do X) Topics Meeting Roles: facilitator, recorder(s), timekeeper, Decision making method Agenda – send in advance
Develop the Agenda Prepare Issue resolution Process improvement Project planning Status meetings Strategic planning Team development
Instruction Technology Group MeetingDATE: August 8, 2008, 10amLOCATION: Room 574WHO: BFW, MK, MS, LL, LK, AH, SC, HW, TBPURPOSE: To determine the role of the instructional technology group PrepareDESIRED OUTCOMES: By the end of the meeting we will have: Agreed on the focus of this group Created a list of all instructional tech projects Agreed on a list of goals for this group Created assignments to accomplish before the next meeting AGENDA: WHAT/WHO (content) DETAILS (how) TIME Agenda/Outcomes/ Ground Present 5 minutes Rules - BFW Clarify Agree Group Focus: what is Define 10 minutes instructional technology - Clarity ALL Agree on focus List current instructional tech Brainstorm 10 minutes projects - ALL Clarify Future instructional tech ideas Brainstorm 20 minutes - ALL Clarify Combo dups Prioritize Next Steps/Goals- ALL List 10 minutes Clarify Assign Meeting Evaluation - BFW +/delta 5 minutes Next MeetingGround Rules: - Shared responsibility (everyone has an active positive role in producing results) - Honor time limits - No disruptive side conversations - Listen and consider all opinions of others - Be willing to experiment w/ new ideas or techniques presented
Getting started Start Start meeting on time Review– state desired outcome Agree to agenda Set up ground rules Assign roles if needed Parking lot if needed
Example Ground Rules StartShared responsibility (everyone has an active positive role in producing results)Honor time limitsNo disruptive side conversationsListen and consider all opinions of othersBe willing to experiment w/ new ideas or techniques presentedCell phones on silent
PrepareBUILD AN AGREEMENT Close Start RunPresent a proposal Check for understanding Check for agreement From @Interaction Associates, Essential Facilitation: Core Skills for Guiding Groups
Achieving Agreement Run OPEN NARROW CLOSE Narrow your Select best Gather info & clarify options approach Eliminate Dups Straw Poll Propose Prioritize (N3) Negative Poll List High/Low Matrix Build up/Eliminate Brainstorm Advocate Both/And Clarify Agree AgreeFrom @Interaction Associates, Essential Facilitation: Core Skills for Guiding Groups
Preventions Run Keep to agenda and keep on track Refer to ground rules Participants can help keep group focused too Ask open ended questions to generate participation Request people reserve judgment Build an agreement (again and again) Make process suggestions to keep flow
Dysfunctional Behavior Run Approach privately or address generally Empathize symptom Determine root cause of problem or behavior issue Get agreement on solution
Interventions Run Boomerang Regain Focus Ask/Say What’s going on? Enforce Process Agreements Accept/Legitimize/Deal With or Defer Walk near or by person; Make eye contact Talk to them during break/afterwards
Listening & Reconciling Differences Run Bracket your opinions Repeat/mirroring or paraphrase Perception check Open ended, probing questions Find common ground Propose options w/o commitment Build small agreements
Big Finish Closing Evaluate +/delta Clarify action items Review Parking lot Give acknowledgments Send meeting minutes to all Communicate w/ stakeholders Celebrate accomplishments
Virtual Meetings Advance notice, time zones, limited items Request preliminary brainstorming of ideas Group folks in same location if possible Engage a roll-call list Review ground rules Use round robins Detail summary for understanding
ClosingRemember that you are facilitating another person’sprocess. It is not your process. Do not intrude. Do notcontrol. Do not force your own needs and insights into the foreground.When the work is done, the group will say: We did it ourselves.” Lao Tzu, The Tao Te Ching
References and Suggested Reading The Secrets to Masterful Meetings Michael Wilkinson, Leadership Strategies Managing Meetings Tim Hindle, DK Publishing Essential Facilitation: Core Skills for Guiding Groups Interaction Associates http://www.interactionassociates.com/services/essential-facilitation