Quick museum artifacts
digitization in 3D-ICONS
G. Guidi1, S. Gonizzi Barsanti1, L. Micoli1, M. Russo2
Dept. of Mechanical...
3DICONS Project
• 3 years EU-ICT pilot project
• Aim: populating Europeana with 3D contents
such as:
– Sites
– Architectur...
3DICONS Project

For reaching the goal of 3D-ICONS
two main actions are needed:

Massive acquisition of shapes
and colors ...
Our Repository of Archeological Icons
The Archaeological Museum in
Milan is settled upon a complex
historical stratificati...
Data collection
• Need to produce a huge amount of models in
a quite short period
• Decided to use mainly photogrammetry:
...
Metadata collection
Regarding the objects metadata, the POLIMI’s research team is using the
SIRBeC (Information System of ...
Role of metadata in CH acquisition
• Skills demand
The complex articulation of data tree in metadata
compilation requires ...
Data collection workflow
3D data collection
Image-based triangulationmodelling based systems
Small
texturized
objects

(77%)

TOF system

Small unt...
Data processing
• We decided to use Agisoft Photoscan: at mesh
generation stage permits to decide the accuracy and the
pol...
Possible imaging problems
• Image blurring due to
– Movement on shooting
– Wrong focusing
– Limited Depth of Field

• Ligh...
First test
• GSD of 0.3 mm at 2.3 m distance
•“Geometry type” = Sharp,
•“Target quality”= Medium,
•“Face count” = 2 millio...
Second test
• Canon 20D + 20 mm lens ( 32 mm on
a full frame camera)
• framed area at 1 m average distance
70x 46 cm
• GSD...
Conclusion
A preliminary cataloguing workflow of Cultural
Heritage assets was suggested to
i) allow a selection and organi...
Conclusion-Good practices adopted
Issues
• Image blurring due to
– Movement on shooting
– Wrong focusing
– Limited Depth o...
THANK YOU!
Quick museum artefacts digitization in 3D-ICONS, presented by Sara Gonizzi Barsanti
Quick museum artefacts digitization in 3D-ICONS, presented by Sara Gonizzi Barsanti
Quick museum artefacts digitization in 3D-ICONS, presented by Sara Gonizzi Barsanti
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Quick museum artefacts digitization in 3D-ICONS, presented by Sara Gonizzi Barsanti

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Quick museum artefacts digitization in 3D-ICONS, presented by Sara Gonizzi Barsanti, Politecnico Di Milano, Italy during the 3D ICONS workshop at Digital Heritage 2013

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Quick museum artefacts digitization in 3D-ICONS, presented by Sara Gonizzi Barsanti

  1. 1. Quick museum artifacts digitization in 3D-ICONS G. Guidi1, S. Gonizzi Barsanti1, L. Micoli1, M. Russo2 Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy 2 Dept. Design, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy [gabiele.guidi, sara.gonizzi, laura.micoli, michele.russo]@polimi.it
  2. 2. 3DICONS Project • 3 years EU-ICT pilot project • Aim: populating Europeana with 3D contents such as: – Sites – Architectures – Monuments – Artifacts Including UNESCO World Heritage sites http://3dicons-project.eu/eng
  3. 3. 3DICONS Project For reaching the goal of 3D-ICONS two main actions are needed: Massive acquisition of shapes and colors of the selected artifacts (2D/3D data) Definition of their associated descriptions (metadata)
  4. 4. Our Repository of Archeological Icons The Archaeological Museum in Milan is settled upon a complex historical stratification of archeological ruins, tangible sign of the ancient role of Milan as Capital of the Western Roman Empire. The Museum contains a relevant collection of more than 1000 archaeological epigraphs, statues, mosaics, furniture and potteries, related to Greek, Etruscan, Roman and Medieval historical periods. Almost all metadata are already existing!!
  5. 5. Data collection • Need to produce a huge amount of models in a quite short period • Decided to use mainly photogrammetry: - texturized mesh model has been demonstrated to be far more time consuming with active devices rather than with image-based techniques; some CH materials resulted less optically cooperative with laser than with digital photography. • Use of triangulation laser scanner for untexturized small objects • Use of TOF laser scanner for structures
  6. 6. Metadata collection Regarding the objects metadata, the POLIMI’s research team is using the SIRBeC (Information System of Cultural Heritage of the Lombardia Region) data sheets, which permits to export all the information needed in .xml format. First pre-selection [objects value] Starting from a large set of SIRBeC records, 600 artifacts has been chosen considering the intrinsic and extrinsic value, in cooperation with the Museum Director. Second selection [objects survey] A second selection (472 artifacts ) was carried out considering their geometry, the optical surface cooperation and their accessibility.
  7. 7. Role of metadata in CH acquisition • Skills demand The complex articulation of data tree in metadata compilation requires a high level of expertise in that field. • Time consuming process Timeline of a research group as POLIMI with solid expertise in 3D acquisition but rather less used in cataloguing CH items. 3D acquisition and modeling (14%) Metadata Collection (85%) Technical metadata Collection (1%)
  8. 8. Data collection workflow
  9. 9. 3D data collection Image-based triangulationmodelling based systems Small texturized objects (77%) TOF system Small untexturized objects Buildings (14%) (9%)
  10. 10. Data processing • We decided to use Agisoft Photoscan: at mesh generation stage permits to decide the accuracy and the polygon number of the final 3D model; implements image orientation and mesh generation through SfM and dense multi-view stereo-matching algorithms (Exact, Smooth, Height Field and Fast). • SfM is nearly a "black box“: output with little of no way of intervention on the final output • the only input are good quality images we need an optimized image acquisition protocol in order to maximize the quality of the 3D output
  11. 11. Possible imaging problems • Image blurring due to – Movement on shooting – Wrong focusing – Limited Depth of Field • Lighting/dynamic range – Backlights/mixed color temp. – Light spots – Highlights • Confusing scene elements – Painted walls/mosaics – High contrast elements around the subject
  12. 12. First test • GSD of 0.3 mm at 2.3 m distance •“Geometry type” = Sharp, •“Target quality”= Medium, •“Face count” = 2 million. •“Geometry type”= Smooth • all other parameters unchanged • The sharp geometry type generated a 3D model full of topologic anomalies long and complex post-processing • “Geometry type” = Smooth all these anomalies were reduced.
  13. 13. Second test • Canon 20D + 20 mm lens ( 32 mm on a full frame camera) • framed area at 1 m average distance 70x 46 cm • GSD of 0.25 mm
  14. 14. Conclusion A preliminary cataloguing workflow of Cultural Heritage assets was suggested to i) allow a selection and organization for 3D acquisition of massive data; ii) create a check list for monitoring the digitization progress; iii) easily collect data records as descriptive metadata to be used towards Europeana; iv) reduce the operating time with massive 3D acquisitions, like 3D-ICONS project.
  15. 15. Conclusion-Good practices adopted Issues • Image blurring due to – Movement on shooting – Wrong focusing – Limited Depth of Field Shooting/pre-processing solutions – Tripod – Manual focusing @ 10x – Small apertures (16-32) • Lighting/dynamic range – Backlights/mixed color temp. – Light spots – Highlights • Confusing scene elements – Painted walls/mosaics – High contrast elements around the subject – Light shielding panels – Mask post processing – Black/white background • hides confusing elements • speeds up masking
  16. 16. THANK YOU!
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